John Joseph Hyland Jr (September 1, 1912 – October 15, 1998) was an admiral in the United States Navy who commanded the U.S. Pacific Fleet from 1967-1970. A naval aviator, he was a champion of the aircraft carrier.
|John J. Hyland|
Admiral John J. Hyland
September 1, 1912|
|Died||October 25, 1998
|Place of burial||National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1934-71|
|Commands held||U.S. Pacific Fleet
U.S. Seventh Fleet
Carrier Division Four
Squadron Commander, USS Intrepid
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||Navy Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Distinguished Flying Cross (3)
Air Medal (5)
Hyland was born in 1912 in Philadelphia, the son of a naval officer. He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1934 and completed naval aviation training in 1937. Posted to the Philippines, he was located there when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor to begin US involvement in World War II. He participated in the defense of the Philippines, and the subsequent Allied withdrawal to Australia, winning the Distinguished Flying Cross for rescuing a British airman in the Molucca Sea. He then became the personal pilot of Admiral Ernest King, then Chief of Naval Operations. Upon returning to the Pacific Theater in 1943, he took command of an air squadron based on the USS Intrepid. He participated in numerous operations, earning a Silver Star for leading a ground attack against the Japanese at Kure on March 19, 1945, and another Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal for other missions against the Japanese.
After the war, he served stints as a test pilot, then took command of the carrier USS Saratoga in 1958. He later commanded Carrier Division Four, then moved to a staff position at the Strategic Plans Division in Washington DC. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson selected him ahead of 72 more senior rear admirals for promotion and command of the US Seventh Fleet, then operating off Vietnam and heavily involved in US operations there. Hyland commanded the fleet for nearly 2 years before being promoted again and taking command of the entire Pacific Fleet in 1967, a four star billet. He played a central role, not only in ongoing operations in Vietnam, but also in two major incidents during this time: the fallout of the capture of the USS Pueblo by North Korea, and the fatal accident and fire on the USS Enterprise.
Admiral Hyland retired on January 1, 1971. In retirement, he maintained an interest in naval aviation, served in business directorships, and settled in Honolulu. He was married to the former Florence Day Whiting, who died in 1991; they had four children: sons John J. Hyland III and Whiting Walker Hyland and daughters Nancy Arnold and Pamela Hyland.
A non-exhaustive list of military awards is as follows:
|Naval Aviator Badge|
|Navy Distinguished Service Medal||with one gold award star|
|Distinguished Flying Cross||with 2 gold award stars|
|Air Medal||with 4 gold award stars|
|Navy Presidential Unit Citation||with one bronze service star|
|Army Presidential Unit Citation|
|American Defense Service Medal||with service star|
|American Campaign Medal|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal||with seven service stars|
|World War II Victory Medal|
|China Service Medal|
|Navy Occupation Service Medal|
|National Defense Service Medal||with service star|
|Vietnam Service Medal||with two service stars|
|National Order of Vietnam||Commander|
|Vietnam Gallantry Cross||with palm|
|Philippine Defense Medal||with service star|
|Vietnam Campaign Medal|
- John J. Hyland Shadowbox profile TogetherWeServed.com Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "Adm. John Hyland, 86, Dies; Championed Naval Air Power" New York Times. November 1, 1998. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- "USS Saratoga (CV-60) History and Background Archived 2008-05-09 at the Wayback Machine." www.saratogamuseum.org Retrieved July 22, 2011.
Roy L. Johnson
|Commander in Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet
Bernard A. Clarey