John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford
John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford (sometimes spelled Hosey, Husey, Hussie, Huse; 1465/1466 – 1536/1537) was Chief Butler of England from 1521 until his death. He was a member of the House of Lords, and a Chamberlain to King Henry VIII's daughter, Mary I of England.
John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford
c. 1533–1570 portrait of Hussey
Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England
|Died||1536/1537 (aged c. 70)|
Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England
Anne de Grey
|Parents||Sir William Hussey|
|Occupation||Chief Butler of England|
Hussey was born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England, son of Sir William Hussey, an English judge and Chief Justice of the King's Bench. His mother was the former Elizabeth Berkeley. Hussey's siblings included Sir Robert Hussey (d. 1546), the father of Elizabeth Hussey, the 'Mistress Crane' at whose home at East Molesey the first of the Marprelate tracts, Martin's Epistle, was printed in October 1588; Elizabeth Hussey, who married Richard Grey, 3rd Earl of Kent; and Mary Hussey, who married William Willoughby, 11th Baron Willoughby de Eresby.
In 1497, at the Battle of Blackheath, Hussey was knighted. Six years later, he was made "Knight of the Body", bodyguard to King Henry VII, followed by an appointment as "Master of Lyfield Forest", Rutland in 1505 and Comptroller of the Household in 1509. On 16 August 1513, at Tournai, after the Battle of the Spurs, he and his brother William were promoted to Knights Banneret by Henry VIII.
In 1493 Hussey was appointed Sheriff of Lincolnshire and by 1513 he was custos rotulorum for the county. In June 1520 he travelled to France to take part in the Field of the Cloth of Gold meeting between Henry VIII and Francis I, King of France. On 6 July 1523, he was elected Member of Parliament as a knight of the shire for Lincolnshire. Three years later, 5 February 1526, he was appointed a judge.
He was created Lord Hussey, of Sleaford, by King Henry VIII in 1529. On 3 November 1529 he was re-elected to Parliament as knight of the shire for Lincolnshire but received a Writs of Summons on 1 December 1529 to the House of Lords as 'Johannes Hussey de sleford, chivaler'. In June 1530, Hussey was named Lincolnshire Castle's Commissioner for Gaol Delivery, and later that same year, Hussey sold some of his large holdings (the Somersetshire manors of Batheaston, Bathampton, Bathford, Twerton; the Wiltshire manors of Compton Bassett, Comerwell, and North Wraxall).
On 10 September 1533, Lord Hussey attended the christening of Elizabeth, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, and carried the canopy over the three-day old child with George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford, Lord Thomas Howard, and William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham.
Hussey was Chamberlain to King Henry's daughter, Mary, while Hussey's second wife, Lady Anne, was one of Mary's attendants. Though King Henry forbade anyone from calling his daughter, Mary, by the title of Princess, Lady Anne did do so, after which she lost her attendant position around June 1534 and was imprisoned in the Tower of London in August. Asking for the King's pardon, she was released before the end of the year.
Hussey was implicated along with his cousin Lord Darcy as complicit in the 1536 uprising known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. Though Hussey denied participation in the rebellion, he was accused of conspiring to change laws and depose the king, and that he abetted those who made war on the king in October 1536. The charges may have been levied in part because of Hussey's Catholic sympathies, and because Hussey and his wife, having served 'Princess' Mary, were partisans on her behalf. Hussey was indicted and tried for treason, and found guilty by the House of Lords. He was beheaded in Lincoln in 1536, while his cousin, Thomas Darcy, was executed on Tower Hill. Hussey's statement ("confession") survives.
- Sir William Hussey (c. 1493 – 19 January 1556)
- Sir Giles Hussey (c. 1495/1505 – Knighted by the Earl of Surrey at the Sacking of Morlaix in France in 1522, who married Jane Pigot, and had issue.
- Elizabeth Hussey (c. 1497)
- Sir Gilbert Hussey (c. 1499)
- Reginald Hussey (c. 1501)
John Hussey secondly married Lady Anne Grey in 1509 at Sleaford, Lincolnshire. According to historian Sir William Dugdale, in the documents written by Hussey, shortly before his death in 1537, he speaks of his wife as 'Anne'. She was the daughter of George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent – by his second wife, Catherine Herbert. Lady Anne's paternal grandmother was Lady Katherine Percy, the great-great-granddaughter of King Edward III of England. John Hussey and Lady Anne Grey had issue, including:
- Thomas Hussey
- Joan Hussey, wife of Sir Roger Forster.
- Elizabeth Hussey, second wife of Sir Robert Throckmorton of Coughton, Warwickshire (d. 1586), and had four daughters and two sons.
- Bridget Hussey (c. 1526 – 13 January 1600/1601), married successively: Sir Richard Morrison of Cashiobury, Hertfordshire (d. 17 March 1556); Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland before 1563; and Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford on 25 June 1566, as his second wife, and had no issue.
- Anne (or Agnes) Hussey, married to Sir Humphrey Browne, Justice of the Common Pleas, by whom she was the mother of Christian Browne, wife of Sir John Tufton, 1st Baronet.
- Dorothy Hussey
- Mary Hussey
After his execution, Hussey's home in Sleaford, as well as his other estates, were confiscated by the crown. In 1563, his children were restored to Parliament during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, but Hussey's title was forfeited, and the estates were not returned.
Claim of Hussey BaronyEdit
Lord Hussey's brother – Sir Robert Hussey and his son Sir Charles Hussey – adapted to the political requirements of the recently established Church of England; both serving in the office of sheriff. However, the descendants of the anti-Church of England Lord Hussey, whose barony and estates were forfeited, were left in far less secure positions, both regarding their financial and social status; by 1633, the descendants of Lord Hussey's son, Sir Giles Hussey, had left England to freely practice their non-conformist religion in New England.
Lord Hussey's descendants who remained in England included Molineux Disney, a direct descendant of Sir William Hussey, who was the "Son and Heir to the said John Lord Hussey." On 21 March 1680, Molineux Disney made a claim to King Charles II that as, "son and heir, in the direct line to Lord Hussey" he was entitled to claim the Hussey barony. However, W. B. Turnbull noted in 1836 that "no entry occurs in the Lords' Journal relative to any proceedings upon it". Molineux had apparently withdrawn his application.
- "Sleaford History". sleaford.gov.uk. 2006. Archived from the original on 15 May 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2008.
- Maddison, A.R.; Larken, A.S. (1903). Lincolnshire Pedigrees. Lincolnshire: Ye Wardovr Press. p. 527. OCLC 3978908.
- "Last name: Hussy". surnamedb.com. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
- Moule, Thomas (1837). "The English Counties Delineated, Volume 2". Virtue. p. 192. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
He was created Lord Hussey, of Sleaford, by King Henry VIII in 1529.
- "Medieval Deeds of Bath and District"
- White, William (1872). History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire, and the City and Diocese of Lincoln: Comprising a General Survey of the County : and Separate Historical, Statistical and Topographical Descriptions of All the Wapentakes, Hundreds, Sokes, Boroughs... Chapter – Sleaford (Old). W. White. p. 636. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- Stanley, Earl of Derby, Edward (1890). Correspondence of Edward, Third Earl of Derby, During the Years 24 to 31 Henry VIII.: Preserved in a Ms. in the Possession of Miss Pfarington, of Worden Hall, Volume 19. Chetham Society. p. 89.
- "John HUSSEY (1st B. Hussey of Sleaford)". tudorplace.com.ar. Retrieved 19 June 2008.[unreliable source]
- "Annex A, Prominent Sleafordians and Local History". artistpetermontgomery.co.uk. Retrieved 23 June 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Fideler, P.A.; Mayer, T.F. (1992). Political Thought and the Tudor Commonwealth. Routledge. p. 98. ISBN 0-415-06672-7.
- "Hussey Tower and King Henry VIII". lincolnshire.org. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Poole, David, ed. (21 November 2017). "House and Heritage – Hussey Tower, LINCOLNSHIRE". Heritage Gazette. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- Hoyle, R.W. (2001). The Pilgrimage of Grace and the Politics of the 1530s. Oxford University Press. p. 407. ISBN 0-19-925906-2.
- Hoyle 2001:159
- Hoyle 2001:67
- Hoyle 2001:25
- Creasey, James (1825). "Sketches, illustrative of the topography and history of new and old Sleaford – Geneaology and Biography – Hussey Family". James Creasey. p. 108. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
- Reslen, E. (21 November 2017). "Town and Country Magazine". Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
Family Tree – Lord Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford m. (married) Dame Margaret Barr nee Blount...
- Cracroft. "Cracroft's Peerage – The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage – John Hussey, Baron (E, created 1529 – forfeited 1537)". Heraldic Media. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
- Burke, B. (1866). "A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire". Harrison. p. 294. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
N.B. Burke's has order of Hussey's marriages incorrect – Hussey married Margaret Blount, daughter of Sir Simon Blount, first and Lady Anne second.
- Collins, Arthur (1720). "The Baronettage of England: Being an Historical and Genealogical Account of Baronets from Their First Institution in the Reign of King James I : Containing Their Descents, the Remarkable Actions and Employments of Them and Their Ancestors, as Also Their Marriages, Issue, &c., with Their Coats of Arms and Crests Engrav'd and Blazon'd, Volume 1". W. Taylor. p. 258. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Peile, John (25 September 2014). "Biographical Register of Christ's College, 1505–1905". Cambridge University Press. p. 38. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
- Dugdale, Sir William (1894). J.W. Clay (ed.). Visitations of Yorkshire, WITH ADDITIONS. W. Pollard & Company. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
- Burke, B.; Burke, J. (1866). A genealogical history of the dormant, abeyant, forfeited, and extinct peerages of the British Empire. London: Harrison. OCLC 11501348.
- Angerville, H. (1959). Living descendants of blood royal , Volume 1. Madison: World Nobility and Peerage.
- Foster 1883, p. 93.
- Burke, J. (1841). "A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland". Scott, Webster, and Geary. p. 275). Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- Stackpole, E.S. (1916). History of New Hampshire, Volume 1. New York – American Historical Society (New Hampshire). Retrieved 6 November 2017.
...Court, had two hundred and fifty acres -apiece, and Christopher Hussey, son-in-law of Mr. Bachiler, had the same number. ... He (Bachiler) was born in England about 1561, went to Holland as a dissenter, came to Boston in 1632 and settled at Lynn as minister.
- Kimble, S. T. (1994). The Kimbles of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and Cecil County, Maryland. Gateway Press. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
Sir John Hussey, Baron of Sleaford, b. ca 1466, m. (1) Margaret Barr... Capt. Christopher Hussey, bapt. Feb 18, 1599, Dorking, Surrey, Eng., d. Mar 6, 1686, Hampton, Rockingham Co., NH, m. Jan 15, 1628 ... They were Quakers. Christopher Hussey...
- Disney, Molineux (1836). Claim of Molineux Disney, esq. to the barony of Hussey (21st March, 1680) – with remarks by W. B. Turnbull. Edinburgh Printing Company. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- Doe, Norman (2004). "Hussey , Sir William (d. 1495)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14271. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Foster, Joseph (1883). The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families. London: Hazell, Watson and Viney. p. 93. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Hamilton, John Andrew (1891). Hussey, William. 28. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900. p. 332. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Maddison, A.R., ed. (1903). Lincolnshire Pedigrees, Vol. II. LI. London: Harleian Society. pp. 526–32. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Cutter, W. R. (2000). Genealogical and Personal Memoirs: Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts – SMITH and Hussey families; Lieut. John Smith (d.1752), grandson of Capt. Christopher Hussey (d.1686). Genealogical Publishing Com. pp. 1176–1178.
- Clarke, Roy Leggitt (December 1995). Finton, Kenneth Harper (ed.). THE HUSSEY CONNECTION TO THE PLANTAGENET LINEAGE (PDF). Heliotrope. pp. 330–376. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
There is much information on the Hussey's going back to King John of the Plantagenet's.....The Hussey family had lost their land holdings a few generations before for political reasons, but retained their title without benefit of land. There is the distinct possibility that John is indeed the son of George Hussey. – by Kenneth Harper Finton, Editor
- The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society. Original from the University of Virginia: Kentucky Historical Society. 1962. p. 55. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
The Husseys, who came from England via Holland with Governor Winthrop on March 9, 1632, were descended from Lord Hussey, chief butler of England under Henry VIII. He was beheaded in 1537 for favoring the pilgrimage of grace. He lived in Boston, Lincolnshire.
- Will of Sir William Hussey, PROB 11/10/592, proved 4 July 1496, National Archives 11 December 2013
- Will of Dame Elizabeth Hussey, widow, PROB 11/14/415, proved 11 December 1504, National Archives 11 December 2013
|Peerage of England|
|New creation|| Baron Hussey