John Hayes (British politician)
Sir John Henry Hayes CBE FRSA (born 23 June 1958) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He has held five ministerial positions and six shadow ministerial positions. Hayes served as Senior Parliamentary Adviser to David Cameron and was appointed as a Privy Councillor in April 2013, and a Knight Bachelor in November 2018.
Sir John Hayes
|Minister of State for Transport|
16 July 2016 – 9 January 2018
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Robert Goodwill|
|Succeeded by||Jo Johnson|
15 July 2014 – 8 May 2015
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Jones|
|Minister of State for Security|
8 May 2015 – 15 July 2016
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||James Brokenshire|
|Succeeded by||Ben Wallace|
|Minister without Portfolio|
28 March 2013 – 15 July 2014
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||The Baroness Warsi|
|Succeeded by||Robert Halfon|
|Minister of State for Energy|
4 September 2012 – 28 March 2013
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Charles Hendry|
|Succeeded by||Michael Fallon|
|Minister of State for Further Education, Skills and Lifelong Learning|
13 May 2010 – 4 September 2012
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Kevin Brennan|
|Succeeded by||Matthew Hancock|
|Member of Parliament |
for South Holland and the Deepings
|Assumed office |
1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Constituency created|
|Born||23 June 1958|
Woolwich, London, England
Susan Hopewell (m. 1997)
|Alma mater||University of Nottingham|
Hayes is considered a social conservative, economic protectionist, communitarian and Eurosceptic. He strongly supported Britain's withdrawal from the EU and has spoken regularly about his belief in conservative ideas and philosophy. Hayes is known for speaking passionately and theatrically in the House of Commons chamber and has been described as a 'colourful character' who is 'popular and influential on the Tory right'.
First elected in 1997, Hayes is the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Lincolnshire constituency of South Holland and The Deepings - the second-safest Conservative seat in the country. South Holland delivered the nation's second-highest Leave vote in the 2016 referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union. 73.6% of voters voted for withdrawal from the EU, second only to neighbouring Boston.
Early life and careerEdit
Hayes was born into a working-class family in Woolwich and grew up on a council estate. He was educated at the Colfe's Grammar School (Lewisham) and at the University of Nottingham from where he graduated with a BA degree in politics and a PGCE in history and English. Hayes was involved in a campaign to create a pipe-smoking society affiliated to the Students' Union. He also chaired the University's Conservative Association from 1981-82 while being President of one of the residential halls, Lincoln's JCR, and served as treasurer of the University's Students' Union from 1982-83.
Hayes suffered a serious head injury in his early 20s, from which he recovered. He has focused much of his career on raising funds for research into acquired brain injury and support for those who suffer from it.
He was elected to Nottinghamshire County Council in 1985 where he was the Conservative Group Spokesman on Education and Chairman of its Campaigns Committee. He served there for 13 years, standing down following his election to parliament. He contested Derbyshire North East at the 1987 general election but was defeated by Labour's Harry Barnes by 3,720 votes. He fought the same seat at the 1992 general election and although he increased the Tory vote, finished some 6,270 votes behind Barnes.
Early years (1997–2010)Edit
Hayes was first elected to the House of Commons for the newly created seat of South Holland and The Deepings in Lincolnshire at the 1997 general election. He secured a majority of 7,991 and has been elected with increased majorities at successive elections since with swings to him of 4.4% in 2001, 4.3% in 2005 and 0.3% in 2010, increasing the Conservative share of the vote to 59.1%, so making it a safe seat for the Tories. He made his maiden speech on 2 July 1997.
In parliament, Hayes served on the Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Select Committee for two years from 1997 and two years on the education and employment committee from 1998. In 1999, he was appointed as a vice chairman of the Conservative Party with responsibility for campaigning by William Hague, and in 2000 continued on the frontbench as Shadow Schools Minister in the education and skills. He was appointed Assistant Chief Whip Opposition Whip by Iain Duncan Smith — for whom Hayes had been a speech writer — in 2001, before entering his shadow cabinet as the shadow Agriculture & Fisheries Secretary in 2002.
In 2003, after Michael Howard became Conservative leader, Hayes was appointed as Shadow Minister for Housing & Planning. He was briefly a spokesman on transport following the 2005 general election before being moved by David Cameron later in 2005 to again speak on education and skills and in particular on vocational education. He was promoted by Cameron to Shadow Minister for Lifelong Learning, Further and Higher Education in 2007.
On 13 May 2010, Hayes was appointed as Minister of State for Further Education, Skills and Lifelong Learning jointly at the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills and the Department for Education. On 4 September 2012 he was appointed Minister of State for Energy at the Department for Energy and Climate Change. On 28 March 2013, he was removed from the DECC and replaced by Michael Fallon. Hayes became Minister without Portfolio and Senior Parliamentary Adviser to the prime minister in the Cabinet Office. He was appointed to the Privy Council on 9 April 2013.
Hayes was appointed as Minister of State at the Department for Transport in the reshuffle on 15 July 2014 with responsibility for national roads, Highways Agency reform and the Infrastructure Bill, and maritime issues. He is also the commons spokesman on bus policy.
After the 2015 general election, Hayes was moved to the Home Office, being appointed "Minister of State, Minister for Security", with responsibility for counter-terrorism, security, serious organised crime and cyber crime, amongst other issues.
In the government formed by Theresa May in July 2016, Hayes was reshuffled back to the Department for Transport, with responsibility for High Speed Rail (HS2), Aviation, Europe and International, Maritime, Devolution, cycling and walking. He resigned from his post as Minister of State for Transport on 9 January 2018 during a cabinet reshuffle and was replaced by Jo Johnson.
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Hayes described Britain's withdrawal from the EU as something "I've believed in for my whole life". He stated that voting Leave would provide an opportunity to "finally bring down the curtain on the Blair era". Following the referendum, Hayes criticised the "stunned hysteria" of an "establishment elite" who had "never before failed to get their own way".
Hayes is reported as having asked the UK Government to consider bringing back the death penalty: referencing Westminster Bridge attacker Khalid Masood, Hayes stated that: "If he had survived I think most of the British public would have been OK if he had received a fair trial and been put to death - most people would deem that appropriate.". Additionally, Hayes states that, for murder, "I say capital punishment should be a sentence available to the courts but the death penalty should not be mandatory - that's always been my position."
Hayes is a strong supporter of constitutional monarchy, but has voiced his opinion that the monarchy must resist the "culture of celebrity".
Hayes is a protectionist, rejecting "globalist free trade" and stating his belief that government should "redistribute advantage". He supports tariffs designed to protect "British jobs and British workers". Hayes has criticised the "gig economy" and believes that only "meaningful careers that contribute to societal good" can restore economic opportunities within the local communities they exist to serve. He has been a vocal critic of supermarkets, condemning their exploitation of farmers and suppliers and stating his belief that "supermarkets have decimated high streets, destroyed livelihoods and distorted the food chain".
Hayes is a vocal proponent of small and medium sized businesses and has reiterated his belief that "cooperatives, mutuals and guilds that can reshape and reform our economic system". He warned that the Conservative Party "must not allow itself to sleepwalk towards becoming a mouthpiece for globalist corporate business".
Hayes voted against same-sex marriage. In line with his socially conservative views, he believes in marriage as the lifetime union between one man and one woman.
Sex and genderEdit
Hayes has argued the Government should respond with "compassion" to those who "feel compelled to identify as the opposite sex" but opposed proposals to allow individuals to change their natural gender without medical consultation. He criticised "radical LGBT groups" and stated his belief that "we must reaffirm that gender has no meaning if divorced from biological facts". In an article written in a local paper, Hayes argued "we should celebrate the God-given differences between men and women, enjoying the special characteristics of two naturally-ordained human types".
During his time as Energy Minister, Hayes clashed with Liberal Democrat coalition partners when he declared that there should be no further construction of onshore wind turbines, declaring "enough is enough".
Hayes is a member of the Countryside Alliance and of the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children (SPUC). He has served as the chairman of the All Party Group on disability and secretary of the All Party Group on brain injury. Since 2009, he has been Honorary Chairman of the British Caribbean Association.
Hayes married Susan Hopewell in 1997; they have two sons.
He was appointed a Knight Bachelor in November 2018, outside the normal timing of such appointments. This was an honour that was widely reported as bringing the awards system into disrepute; the supposition being that he had been offered and accepted the award in return for support for (or lack of opposition to) the Prime Minister's Brexit Draft Withdrawal Agreement. However, he subsequently announced his intention to vote against the proposed withdrawal agreement anyway.
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- Hope, Christopher (13 November 2012). "'Job done' on wind farms, says John Hayes". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
- . doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U19581. Missing or empty
- "No. 61678". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 August 2016. p. RH3.
- "Eurosceptic Tory MP John Hayes given knighthood". BBC News. 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- Rawlinson, Kevin (23 November 2018). "Theresa May accused of giving knighthood to buy MP's Brexit silence". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- Hope, Christopher; Swinford, Steven (23 November 2018). "Theresa May accused of 'cronyism' after handing knighthood to Brexit-backing MP weeks before key vote". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- Mance, Henry; Parker, George (23 November 2018). "May hands knighthood to Eurosceptic Tory MP John Hayes". The Financial Times. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- "Knighted Tory MP: I still won't back May's deal". Coffee House. 25 November 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 2010–present
- Contributions in Parliament during 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 at Hansard Archives
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament
for South Holland and The Deepings