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John Bailey "Jack" Hawkes (7 June 1899 – 31 March 1990) was an Australian tennis player who won the singles title at the 1926 Australasian Championships and was ranked No. 10 in the world in 1928.

John Hawkes
Full nameJohn Bailey Hawkes
Country (sports) Australia
Born(1899-06-07)7 June 1899
Geelong, Australia
Died31 March 1990(1990-03-31) (aged 90)
Geelong, Australia
Turned pro1921 (amateur tour)
Retired1932
Singles
Highest rankingNo. 10 (1928, A. Wallis Myers)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenW (1926)
French OpenSF (1928)
Wimbledon2R (1928)
US Open3R (1921)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1922, 1926, 1927)
WimbledonF (1928)
Mixed doubles
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1922, 1926, 1927)
US OpenW (1925, 1928)
Team competitions
Davis CupF (1921, 1923Ch, 1925)

BiographyEdit

Hawkes was raised and lived his life in and around Geelong, Victoria. Educated at The Geelong College from 1909 to 1919, he showed enormous potential as a young sportsman, having won the Victorian School Boys U19 tennis title for 5 years in a row – described by historian Graeme Kinross Smith as the "nursery for tennis talent". Hawkes had also been touted as a future test cricketer for Australia and was made a member of the MCC at the age of 13. He was captain of the first Cricket team for the last 4 years of his school life at The Geelong College and according to school website, "In a legendary day of bowling in 1916, Jack Hawkes was to claim 10 wickets in a match against Wesley College." Tennis, however, was to create a more powerful pull than cricket. Taught on the lawn court at the family home "Llanberis", overlooking Corio Bay by family friend Russell Keays and influenced by tennis legend and family friend, Norman Brookes, Jack's career blossomed in the 1920s. The left-hander won a clean sweep at the Australasian Championships of 1926, winning the men's singles, men's doubles and mixed doubles in the same year. Hawkes had five championship points in a marathon singles final against his doubles partner Gerald Patterson in the Australian Championships in 1927, but went on to lose the match in five sets.[2] Hawkes also won two US mixed doubles titles, won a total of three Australian doubles titles with Gerald Patterson and was runner-up with Gerald Patterson in Wimbledon doubles and US doubles of 1928. Hawkes also won a total of three mixed doubles Australian championships.

Hawkes was a three-times Davis Cup representative in 1921, 1923, 1925 and was controversially omitted from the team in the year of his Australian Open crown in 1926 and successful overseas tour of 1928. After his retirement from tennis, Hawkes was actively involved in tennis administration and ran the family business Hawkes Brothers, in Geelong until his retirement in the early 1970s. Jack Hawkes retired to Ocean Grove (where he had holidayed as a child at the family's beachside home "Imbool"), and later to Barwon Heads before his death in Geelong, at the age of 90 after a short illness, on 31 March 1990. He was survived by his wife Mickey and their four children; Ann, Sally, Sue and John.

Grand Slam finalsEdit

Singles: 2 (1 title, 1 runner-up)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1926 Australasian Championships Grass   James Willard 6–1, 6–3, 6–1
Runner-up 1927 Australian Championships Grass   Gerald Patterson 6–3, 4–6, 6–3, 16–18, 3–6

Doubles: 7 (3 titles, 4 runners-up)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1922 Australasian Championships Grass   Gerald Patterson   James Anderson
  Norman Peach
8–10, 6–0, 6–0, 7–5
Runner-up 1925 U.S. Championships Grass   Gerald Patterson   R. Norris Williams
  Vincent Richards
2–6, 10–8, 4–6, 9–11
Winner 1926 Australasian Championships Grass   Gerald Patterson   James Anderson
  Pat O'Hara Wood
6–1, 6–4, 6–2
Winner 1927 Australian Championships Grass   Gerald Patterson   Pat O'Hara Wood
  Ian McInness
8–6, 6–2, 6–1
Runner-up 1928 Wimbledon Grass   Gerald Patterson   Jacques Brugnon
  Henri Cochet
11–13, 4–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1928 U.S. Championships Grass   Gerald Patterson   John Hennessey
  George Lott
2–6, 1–6, 2–6
Runner-up 1930 Australian Championships Grass   Tim Fitchett   Jack Crawford
  Harry Hopman
6–8, 1–6, 6–2, 3–6

Mixed doubles: 7 (5 titles, 2 runners-up)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1922 Australasian Championships Grass   Esna Boyd   Gwen Utz
  Harold Utz
6–1, 6–1
Runner-up 1923 U.S. Championships Grass   Kitty McKane   Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
  Bill Tilden
3–6, 6–2, 8–10
Winner 1925 U.S. Championships Grass   Kitty McKane   Ermyntrude Harvey
  Vincent Richards
6–2, 6–4
Winner 1926 Australasian Championships Grass   Esna Boyd   Daphne Akhurst
  James Willard
6–1, 6–4
Winner 1927 Australian Championships Grass   Esna Boyd   Youtha Anthony
  James Willard
6–1, 6–3
Runner-up 1928 Australian Championships Grass   Esna Boyd   Daphne Akhurst
  Jean Borotra
walkover
Winner 1928 U.S. Championships Grass   Helen Wills   Edith Cross
  Edgar Moon
6–1, 6–3

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ United States Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 424.
  2. ^ "Jack Hawkes". www.tennis.co.nf.

External linksEdit