John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings

John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings (6 May 1262 – 28 February 1313), feudal Lord of Abergavenny, was an English peer and soldier. He was one of the Competitors for the Crown of Scotland in 1290/92 in the Great Cause and signed and sealed the Barons' Letter of 1301. He was Lord of the Manor of Hunningham.[3]He is the ancestor of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex

Paternal arms of John de Hastings: Or, a maunch gules[1]
Seal of John Hastings appended to the Barons' Letter, 1301. The arms are unidentified, but are blazoned: On a cross between four fleurs-de-lys five fleurs-de-lys;[2] like his brother he did not seal the Letter with his paternal arms

OriginsEdit

He was born in 1262 at Allesley,[4] near Coventry in Warwickshire, the eldest son of Henry de Hastings (c.1235–c.1268) who was summoned to Parliament by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester as Lord Hastings in 1263. Although following the defeat of de Montfort this peerage creation was not recognized by King Henry III, John Hastings is sometimes referred to as the second Baron Hastings. His mother (whose father William III de Cantilupe (d.1254) had purchased the wardship and marriage of Henry de Hastings) was the great heiress Joanna de Cantilupe (d.1271), one of the two sisters and co-heiresses of Sir George de Cantilupe (1251-1273), 4th feudal baron of Eaton Bray in Bedfordshire and feudal Lord of Abergavenny.

CareerEdit

In 1273 he became the 13th Lord of Abergavenny on the death of his childless uncle Sir George de Cantilupe, and thereby acquired Abergavenny Castle and the vast lands of the honour of Abergavenny. He also inherited many Cantilupe estates including Aston Cantlow in Warwickshire, one of that family's seats.

He fought from the 1290s in the Scottish, Irish and French wars of King Edward I and held the offices of Seneschal of Gascony and Lieutenant of Aquitaine simultaneously. In 1290 he had unsuccessfully contested the crown of the Kingdom of Scotland as grandson of Ada, third daughter of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, who was a grandson of King David I of Scotland. Also in 1290 he was summoned to the English Parliament as Lord Hastings,[5] which created him a peer. In February 1300/1 he had licence to crenellate his manor and town of Fillongley in Warwickshire.[2] He signed and sealed the Barons' Letter of 1301 to Pope Boniface VIII, protesting against papal interference in Scottish affairs.

Marriage and childrenEdit

He married twice:

Death and burialEdit

He died in February 1313, aged 50, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son John Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings. He and his first wife Isabel de Valence were buried (together with his parents) in the Hastings Chapel of the Greyfriars Monastery in Coventry, Warwickshire (founded circa 1234), commemorated by effigies.[10] According to Dugdale (1666)[11] quoting from an inscription in ancient French, the stained glass windows of this chapel displayed coats of arms including: Hastings, Cumyn (wife of brother Edmund Hastings), Cantilupe, Valence, de Spenser and Huntingfield (husband of daughter Joan Hastings).[12]

Peerage of England
New creation Baron Hastings
1290–1313
Succeeded by
John Hastings

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Per the Collins Roll; the Dering Roll, A217; The Caerlaverock Poem, K83; St George's Roll, E119 & The Galloway Roll, GA223 [1]
  2. ^ a b Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, new edition, vol.VI, p.347
  3. ^ Hunningham, in A History of the County of Warwick: Vol. 6, Knightlow Hundred, ed. L F Salzman (London, 1951), pp. 117-120.
  4. ^ Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, new edition, VI, p.346
  5. ^ “He … is recorded to have been present in pleno parliamento domini Regis on the morrow of Trinity 18 Edw. I [29 May 1290] with other magnates et proceres tunc in parliamento existentes, whereby he is held to have become LORD HASTINGES….In the Hastings Peerage claim in 1840-41 the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords, following the recommendation of Lord Chancellor Cottenham, decided that the presence of Sir John de Hastings in this Parliament was pursuant to the issue of a writ of summons to him, and resolved accordingly.” Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, 2nd edition, Volume VI, P 347
  6. ^ Dugdale, William, Antiquities of Warwickshire, 1666 edition, p.115
  7. ^ Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Edition , p.41 [2]
  8. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 4051 § 40502". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
  9. ^ Richardson, D. (2011) Magna Carta Ancestry 2nd Edition, pg 325 (via Google)
  10. ^ Dugdale, William, Antiquities of Warwickshire, p.115 [3], quoted by DNB
  11. ^ Dugdale, William, Antiquities of Warwickshire, 1666 edition, p.115
  12. ^ Dugdale

ReferencesEdit