John Henry Large (4 May 1943 – 3 November 2018)[a] was an English consulting Chartered Engineer primarily known for his work in assessing and reporting upon nuclear safety and nuclear related accidents and incidents, work which has often featured in the media.
Large was born in Woking, but grew up in the East End of London. He was the son of a Fleet Street printer and the landlady of three pubs near Bermondsey. He was educated at a secondary school in south-east London[b] then Camberwell School of Art, before studying engineering at Imperial College London.
After university, Large moved to the United States to work on U.S. nuclear weapons projects. This required him to take U.S. citizenship, but due to the risk of Vietnam War conscription he returned to the UK.
From the mid-1960s until 1986 Large was an academic in Brunel University's School of Engineering, becoming a lecturer in 1971, where he undertook research for the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority.
In 1986, he founded the London-based consulting engineers Large & Associates, which specialised in analysis of and reporting on failure of engineering systems, particularly in the nuclear field, which at one time employed up to 40 people.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) invited Large to visit China, Korea and Iran to give advice on their nuclear programmes. He visited Japan on behalf of Greenpeace following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, and his first technical assessment confirmed a triple reactor meltdown well before it was officially acknowledged.
Large formed and led the nuclear risk assessment team involved in raising of the sunken and severely damaged Russian nuclear submarine Kursk in 2001 - the world's first successful recovery of a nuclear powered submarine. Large was among those awarded a medal by the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering for the recovery.
He reported upon the so-called 'carbon anomaly' that resulted in the temporary shutdown and resumption to power generation under restrictive conditions of 18 French nuclear power plants in 2016-17. Separately, he advised on related quality control issues in Japan.
At times, Large was critical of the nuclear power industry, and was commissioned by Greenpeace and other national and international NGOs to provide technical analysis on nuclear issues.
In 1985 Large was invited by House of Commons Environment Committee to submit evidence on environmental issues associated with radioactive waste at the UK's irradiated fuel reprocessing works at Sellafield. He provided the Committee with a technical note on the breakaway corrosion of Magnox nuclear fuel, demonstrating the then hitherto undisclosed highly unstable pyrophoric reaction. Resulting from this disclosure, he provided evidence on the secrecy practised by the UK nuclear industry.
In 2003 Large submitted a paper for publication to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers about the danger of a terrorist attack on UK nuclear installations. The paper was passed to the UK security services and then suppressed on the advice of the UK government, although the work was subsequently published overseas in revised form.
In November 2014, following a spate of overflights of French nuclear power plants by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), Large provided evidence to the French Parliament (in the open session of Office parlementaire d'évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques relating to the vulnerabilities of plants to drone intrusion. The Large & Associates' report on the drone activity, commissioned by Greenpeace France, remains confidential but aroused considerable media speculation.
Large died on 3 November 2018 from an abdominal aortic aneurysm, at the age of 75. He was survived by his partner Jenny Sherrell and a daughter from an earlier relationship. Large and his partner lived in a converted neoclassical gatehouse of the Royal Artillery Barracks in Woolwich, London, which they had renovated from a damaged and neglected condition.
- "John Large, nuclear scientist who oversaw the raising of the Russian 'Kursk' submarine from the seabed - obituary". Daily Telegraph. 6 December 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Brown, Paul (14 November 2018). "John Large obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- "John Large". Expert Search. Archived from the original on 23 July 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2006.
- "Profile: John Large". New Civil Engineer. 24 January 2002. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "Snippets-Large Associates". Large Associates. 15 January 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
- "John Large obituary". The Times. London. 23 November 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- Burnie, Shaun (25 November 2018). "John Large, William Goldman, Dr Sarah Ntiro, Richard Baker, Patsy Rodgers". Last Word. BBC Radio 4. Event occurs at 0m44s. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- John H. Large (March 2005). "Forensic Assessments of the Nuclear Propulsion Plants of the Submarines HMS Tireless and RF Northern Fleet Kursk" (PDF). Institution of Mechanical Engineers seminar: Forensic Investigation of Power Plant Failures. Retrieved 3 July 2009. Cite journal requires
- "The Recovery of the Russian Federation Nuclear Powered Submarine Kursk], Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, World Maritime Technology Conference, Sans Francisco, October 2003" (PDF).
- "British-led team gains access to secrets of sunken Kursk". The Engineer. 4 October 2001. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
- "In the Matter of Southern California Edison Company, San Onofre Nuclear Generation Station, Units 2 and 3, Response to Atomic Safety and Licensing Board's Factual Issues, 1st Affidavit of John Large" (PDF). 22 January 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "In the Matter of Southern California Edison Company, San Onofre Nuclear Generation Station, Units 2 and 3, Comments on the NRC and SCE Responses of January 30, 2013, 2nd Affidavit of John Large," (PDF). 14 February 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Review of the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and other Documents Relating to the Procurement and Design of the San Onofre Replacement Steam Generators" (PDF). 27 March 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Review: Irregularities and Anomalies Relating to the Forged Components of le Creusot Forge, 26 September 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "Review: Irregularities and Anomalies Relating to the Nuclear Reactor Primary Coolant Circuit Components Installed in Japanese Nuclear Power Plants - Part 1 French Carbon Anomaly Correlation to Japanese Nuclear Power Plants=24 October 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "Review: Irregularities and Anomalies Relating to the Nuclear Reactor Primary Coolant Circuit Components Installed in Japanese Nuclear Power Plants - Concluding Parts 2 & 3 - Potential Flawed Components Resident in Japanese Nuclear Power Plants=10 December 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- John H. Large (2004). "Video and Other Material and Data acquired by Greenpeace International at and around the Iraq Tuwaitha Nuclear Site During 2003" (PDF). Greenpeace. Retrieved 23 July 2006. Cite journal requires
- "Expert: nuclear facilities are vulnerable to intelligent intentional attacks". Russia Today. 21 June 2009. Archived from the original on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- Peter Millar (11 March 2007). "Official secrecy is back on the rise". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "House of Commons, First Report from the Environment Committee, Session 1985-86, Radioactive Waste, Vol 1, 12 March 1986". Cite journal requires
- Paul Brown (17 January 2003). "The threat that's bigger than ricin". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- John H Large. "The Implications of September 11 for the Nuclear Industry" (PDF).
- "CE QU'IL FAUT SAVOIR DES DRONES UTILISÉS". Paris Match. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- Historic England. "Royal Artillery Barracks Number 1 and 2 South West Gate (Grade II) (1211326)". National Heritage List for England.
- Heritage, Design And Access Statement Relating to the Extant Condition of The Gatehouse (PDF) (Report). Royal Borough of Greenwich. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2018.