John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland

John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland KT PC (1661–1733) was a Scottish nobleman and army officer.

The Earl of Sutherland
PredecessorGeorge Gordon, 15th Earl of Sutherland
SuccessorWilliam Sutherland
Other namesJohn Sutherland[1]
Born1661
Died27 June 1733
Chelsea
Wars and battlesJacobite rebellion 1715
Spouse(s)Helen Cochrane
Katherine Tollemache
Frances Hodgson
ParentsGeorge Gordon and Jean

He was the only son of George Gordon, 15th Earl of Sutherland (1633–1703), and his wife, Jean Wemmyss.[2]

Upon his father's death in 1703 he succeeded as earl of Sutherland. He supported the revolution of 1688 and was a commissioner for the union of England and Scotland. He was a Scottish representative peer in four parliaments, president of the Board of Trade and manufactures, and lord-lieutenant of the eight northern counties of Scotland.[3] In 1703 he was appointed a privy councillor by Queen Anne.[2]

He aided in putting down the Jacobite rising of 1715.[3] When the rebellion had been quashed, Gordon was invested by George I with the Order of the Thistle and was granted an annual pension of £1200 in recognition of his services. In 1719 he led his regiment in the Battle of Glen Shiel, which brought to an end the third Jacobite rising.[2]

He resumed the name of Sutherland, instead of Gordon.[1] In 1719 by decree of Lyon Court, he was thereafter recognised Chief of the Clan Sutherland.

FamilyEdit

He married three times, first to Helen, daughter of Lord Dundonald; secondly to Katherine Tollemache, daughter of Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Baronet; and thirdly to Frances Hodgson. He had two children with Helen:

Persuasive claims have been put forth in the Allan P. Gray account, that the "Honbl. Capt." referenced in the Dugald Gilchrist Papers is Lt. Col. James Sutherland of Uppat, of the 38th Foot, and superintendent of the estate of the Countess of Sutherland at Dunrobin, making James Sutherland an illegitimate son to Gordon (mother unknown).[5] Illegitimate children are fairly common and though unproven this would account for the mysterious and suspicious familiarity between James Sutherland and the acquisition of the Uppat estate, the military appointments, and the closeness to the Gordon family at large.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Greenway, D.E; Pryde, E.B; Roy, S. Porter, eds. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology. Cambridge University Press. p. 521.
  2. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  3. ^ a b   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sutherland, Earls and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 168–169.
  4. ^ "John Gordon, 16th Earl of Sutherland". The Peerage. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  5. ^ "sutherland". www.kittybrewster.com. Retrieved 1 August 2020.

External linksEdit

Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Earl of Sutherland
1703–1733
Succeeded by