John Giffard, 1st Baron Giffard
John Giffard, Baron Giffard of Brimsfield (1232–1299), was an English nobleman prominent in the Second Barons' War and in Wales. His initial gift of land in Oxford led to the foundation of Gloucester College, Oxford.
Involvement in military actionsEdit
In 1263, with others of Simon de Montfort's party Giffard besieged the sheriff of Gloucester in Gloucester Castle. Also in that year, with others, he abducted Peter of Aigueblanche, the Bishop of Hereford, confining him to Eardisley Castle.
In 1264 Giffard controlled Kenilworth Castle, and successfully attacked Warwick Castle, occupied by William Maudit, 8th Earl of Warwick. Captured at the Battle of Lewes, he changed sides, and fought for Henry III at the Battle of Evesham.
Giffard was subsequently a staunch king's man, for Henry and Edward I of England. He fought at the decisive Battle of Orewin Bridge (1282). Edward granted him Welsh castles, including Carreg Cennen.
Giffard married, firstly, Maud de Clifford, daughter of Walter de Clifford, of Clifford, Hertfordshire, and widow of William III Longespée. Their daughter Katherine married Nicholas Audley (1258–1299), son of Ela Longespée and James de Audley. Their daughter Eleanor married Fulk le Strange, 1st Baron Strange of Blackmere.
Giffard married secondly, in 1286, Margaret, widow of John de Neville, of Hallingbury, Essex. Margaret was a granddaughter of Ralph Belet and Sibyl de Cormeilles. Their son John (1287–1322) was executed by Edward II as a rebel, and Brimpsfield Castle was destroyed.
- "Medieval Gloucester: Crown and Borough, Military History." A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 4, the City of Gloucester. Ed. N M Herbert. London: Victoria County History, 1988. 18–22. British History Online
- Orewin Bridge and the Fall of Wales
- There are two places in Essex called Hallingbury: Great Hallingbury and Little Hallingbury. They adjoin each other. It is unclear whether the de Nevill family considered themselves residents of one of them or of both.
- Concise Dictionary of National Biography
- Complete Peerage, Volume 5, pp. 639–44