John C. Churchill

John Charles Churchill (January 17, 1821 in Mooers, Clinton County, New York – June 4, 1905 in Oswego, Oswego County, New York) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.

John C. Churchill
Hon. John C. Churchill, N.Y - NARA - 525511.tif
Justice of the New York Supreme Court
In office
Member of the House of Representatives from New York's 22nd District
In office
March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1871
Preceded bySidney T. Holmes
Succeeded byWilliam E. Lansing
Judge of the Oswego County Court
In office
District attorney of Oswego County, New York
In office
Supervisor of Oswego County, New York
In office
Personal details
Born(1821-01-17)January 17, 1821
Mooers, New York
DiedJune 4, 1905(1905-06-04) (aged 84)
Oswego, New York
Political partyRepublican
Alma materMiddlebury College
Dane Law School


Churchill attended the Burr Seminary, Manchester, Vermont, and graduated from Middlebury College in 1843. He was a teacher of languages in the Castleton Seminary, and a tutor in Middlebury College. He attended the Dane Law School of Harvard University. He was admitted to the bar in 1847 and commenced practice in Oswego, New York, in 1848.

He was a member of the Oswego Board of Education from 1853 to 1856, a Supervisor of Oswego County in 1854 and 1855, District Attorney from 1857 to 1860, and judge of the Oswego County Court from 1861 to 1864. He was appointed by Governor Morgan commissioner to superintend the draft for Oswego County in 1862 and 1863.

Churchill was elected as a Republican to the 40th and 41st United States Congresses, and served from March 4, 1867 to March 3, 1871. He was Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures on Public Buildings (41st Congress).

He introduced bill H.R. 2634 on January 9, 1871 that would amend the Enforcement Act of 1870. The amendment would add an enforcement mechanism to the act. The bill would be enacted as the Second Enforcement Act of 1871 by Congress in February 1871 and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on February 28, 1871.

He was a delegate to the 1876 Republican National Convention. In 1877, he ran for Secretary of State of New York, but was defeated by Democrat Allen C. Beach. He was President of the Oswego Board of Education in 1879 and 1880.

On January 17, 1881, he was appointed a justice of the New York Supreme Court to fill a vacancy. He was subsequently elected to a full fourteen-year term, and remained in office until the end of 1891 when he reached the constitutional age limit of 70 years.

He was buried at the Riverside Cemetery in Oswego, NY.


  • United States Congress. "John C. Churchill (id: C000392)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Sidney T. Holmes
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 22nd congressional district

Succeeded by
William E. Lansing