The Most Reverend
|Archbishop of Dublin|
Primate of Ireland
|Church||Church of Ireland|
|Diocese||Dublin and Glendalough|
|Elected||7 October 1915|
|Other post(s)||Provost of Trinity College (1919–1927)|
|Consecration||25 July 1911|
by Joseph Peacocke
|Died||29 August 1927 (aged 66)|
Dublin, Irish Free State
|Spouse||Maude Nannie Bernard|
|Previous post(s)||Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin (1911–1915)|
Bernard was born in Raniganj, India. He was a scholar in Trinity College Dublin in 1879, graduated with a BA in mathematics in 1880. He was elected a Fellow there in 1884, and was later a member of the council of the university, where he held the office of King's Lecturer of Divinity from 1888 to 1902.
He was appointed treasurer of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, by the Dean Henry Jellett in 1897. On Jellett's death, in December 1901, Bernard became a favorite to succeed him as Dean, a position to which he was elected by the chapter of the cathedral 6 February 1902. He served as such until 1911, when he was appointed Bishop of Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin. In 1915 he was appointed Church of Ireland Archbishop of Dublin, serving until 1919.
A prolific scholar, in many fields, including Church history, theology and philosophy, he was the president of the Royal Irish Academy from 1916 to 1921 and Provost of Trinity College Dublin from 1919 to 1927. He was a member of the Board of National Education in Ireland, in which capacity he served as examiner of mathematics in the 1880s. He was regarded as an unrepentant Unionist, representing their interests as a delegate to the 1917–18 Irish Convention.
Bernard married his cousin Maude Nannie Bernard in 1885; they had two sons and two daughters (Parker (2005): 73). In April 1915 his son, Lieutenant Robert Bernard of the 1st Battalion of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers was killed in action during the Gallipoli Campaign. He is commemorated at V Beach Cemetery by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
Selected works Edit
- Bernard, John Henry (1920). Dogma and criticism. London: Longmans, Green, & Co. p. 38 p.
- ——— (1922). The Bernards of Kerry. Dublin: The Author, printed by The University Press.
- ——— (1924). The cathedral church of Saint Patrick : a history & description of the building, with a short account of the deans. London: G. Bell. xii, 88 p.
- ——— (1928). A. H. McNeile (ed.). A critical and exegetical commentary on the Gospel according to St. John. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark. xii, 88 p.
Edited by Edit
- Butler, Joseph (1900). ——— (ed.). The works of Bishop Butler; a new edition with introduction and notes by J. H. Bernard. London: Macmillan & Co.
- Kant, Immanuel (1914). ——— (ed.). Kant's Critique of judgement / translated with introduction and notes by J. H. Bernard (2nd ed, rev. ed.). London: Macmillan & Co. xlviii, 429 p.
- "Ecclesiastical intelligence". The Times. No. 36685. London. 7 February 1902. p. 8.
- Malden Richard (ed) (1920). Crockford's Clerical Directory for 1920 (51st edn). London: The Field Press. p. 117.
- Report of the Intermediate Education Board for Ireland 1884
- "Lieutenant Robert Bernard". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
- Parker, Sarah (2005). Grace & Favour: The Hampton Court Palace Community 1750–1950. Hampton Court Palace: Historic Royal Palaces.
- Murray, Robert H. (1931). Archbishop Bernard: Professor, Prelate and Provost. SPCK, London; Hodges, Figgis & Co., Dublin; The Macmillan Co., New York & Toronto.
- http://anglicanhistory.org/ireland/lindsay5.html Some Archbishops of Dublin (T. S. Lindsay – Dublin, 1928)
- The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge Vol. II (original publication 1908 – circa 1914) "Bernard, John Henry"
- Grace & Favour: A handbook of who lived where in Hampton Court Palace 1750 to 1950