John Barton Payne
John Barton Payne (January 26, 1855 – January 24, 1935) was an American politician, lawyer and judge. He served as the United States Secretary of the Interior from 1920 until 1921 under Woodrow Wilson's administration.
|27th United States Secretary of the Interior|
March 15, 1920 – March 4, 1921
|Preceded by||Franklin Lane|
|Succeeded by||Albert B. Fall|
|Born||January 26, 1855|
Pruntytown, West Virginia, U.S.
|Died||January 24, 1935 (aged 79)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Resting place||Oak Hill Cemetery|
Jennie Byrd Bryan
Early life and careerEdit
Admitted to the bar in 1876 in West Virginia, Payne entered politics five years later as the chairman of the Preston County Democratic Party. He moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1883, and was elected local judge in 1893. After resigning from that post in 1898, Payne was the senior partner in Winston, Payne, Strawn and Shaw. A successor firm still exists. He was the president of the Chicago's South Park Board from 1911 to 1924.
After the outbreak of World War I, Payne went to Washington, D.C., to act as the counsel for the Emergency Fleet Corporation and was the national railroad administration. From 1919 through his appointment to Wilson's cabinet in February 1920, Payne served as the Chairman of the U.S. Shipping Board.
From October 1921 until his death, Payne served as the Chairman of the American Red Cross. In May 1921, Payne pledged funds for the permanent structure for the Warrenton Library in Fauquier County, Virginia.
Payne was a founder of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond in 1911, and he donated 50 paintings to the museum in 1919. Some of his personal papers were given to the Special Collections Research Center at the College of William & Mary.
Payne married Kate Bunker on October 17, 1878. She died after a long illness. Payne married his second wife, the former Jennie Byrd Bryan, on May 1, 1913. Jennie Payne died in 1919, and he remained a widower in office.
He died of pneumonia after an operation for appendicitis on January 24, 1935, at the age of 79. Two days later, an Associated Press obituary ran in the Chicago Tribune. Payne was buried in Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington, D.C., next to his second wife.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2009-12-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Donovan, Henry. "Chicago Eagle". Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Fauquier County Public Library -- Home Page". 20 August 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- "European Collection Fact Sheet - VMFA Press Room". vmfa.museum. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- "John Barton Payne Papers". Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William & Mary. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Barton Payne.|
- American President.org - Secretary of the Interior: John B. Payne (1920 - 1921)
- Fauquier County Public Library - Library History
- International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement History - John Barton Payne 1922-35
- Finding aid for the John Barton Payne Papers
Franklin K. Lane
| U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Served under: Woodrow Wilson
March 15, 1920 – March 4, 1921
Albert B. Fall
|Non-profit organization positions|
| Chairman of the
International League of
Red Cross Societies
Cary Travers Grayson
|Awards and achievements|
James M. Beck
| Cover of Time Magazine
12 May 1923