Patrick Balfour, 3rd Baron Kinross

  (Redirected from John Balfour, 3rd Baron Kinross)

Patrick Balfour by Allan Warren
Baron Kinross monument, Dean Cemetery

John Patrick Douglas Balfour, 3rd Baron Kinross (1904–4 June 1976) was a Scottish historian and writer noted for his biography of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and other works on Islamic history.[1][2]

He was educated at Winchester College and Balliol College, Oxford.[3] He then became a journalist and writer.

Railway Club at Oxford, coincived by John Sutro, dominated by Harold Acton. Left to right, back: Henry Yorke, Roy Harrod, Henry Weymouth, David Plunket Greene, Harry Stavordale, Brian Howard. Middle row: Michael Rosse, John Sutro, Hugh Lygon, Harold Acton, Bryan Guinness, Patrick Balfour, Mark Ogilvie-Grant, Johnny Drury-Lowe; front: porters.

At Oxford Balfour was part of the Railway Club, which included: Henry Yorke, Roy Harrod, Henry Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath, David Plunket Greene, Edward Henry Charles James Fox-Strangways, 7th Earl of Ilchester, Brian Howard, Michael Parsons, 6th Earl of Rosse, John Sutro, Hugh Lygon, Harold Acton, Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne, Patrick Balfour, Mark Ogilvie-Grant, John Drury-Lowe.[4]

During the Second World War he served with the Royal Air Force and from 1944-47 was First Secretary at the British Embassy at Cairo.[5]

In 1938, he married Angela Mary Culme-Seymour (1912-2012), daughter of George Culme-Seymour and Janet (née Orr-Ewing) and former wife of the artist John Spencer-Churchill. Having been separated by World War II when Balfour was posted to Cairo, she started a five-year relationship with Major Robert Hewer-Hewitt by whom she had two sons, Mark and Johnny. Patrick and Angela were divorced in 1942.[6]

Despite the brief marriage, Lord Kinross was homosexual; he had no issue and was succeeded by his brother David Andrew Balfour, 4th Baron Kinross.[7]

He is buried in "Lords Row" in Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh with all previous ancestors of the title Baron Kinross.


  • The Ruthless Innocent (1949) Supposedly based on the character of Angela Culme-Seymour
  • The Orphaned Realm: Journeys in Cyprus (1951)
  • Within the Taurus: A Journey in Asiatic Turkey (1954)
  • Portrait of Greece with photographs in colour by Dimitri, Max Parrish: London (1956)
  • Europa Minor: Journeys in Coastal Turkey (1956)
  • The innocents at home (1959)
  • Atatürk: The Rebirth of a Nation (London. 1964)
  • Atatürk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey (New York. 1965)
  • Portrait of Egypt (1966)
  • Windsor Years: The Life of Edward, as Prince of Wales, King, and Duke of Windsor (1967)
  • Between Two Seas: The Creation of the Suez Canal (1968)
  • Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire (1977) ISBN 0-688-08093-6
  • Hagia Sophia :A History of Constantinople ISBN 9780882250151 (1979) Newsweek Book Division


  1. ^ "Ancestors of Gavin R.J. Dallmeyer: Patrick Balfour". 25 June 1904. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  2. ^ "Cracroft's Peerage". Archived from the original on 15 August 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  3. ^ Winchester College Register 1915-1960 pp 77-78.
  4. ^ Lancaster, Marie-Jaqueline (2005). Brian Howard: Portrait of a Failure. Timewell Press. p. 122. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  5. ^ Winchester College Record
  6. ^ The Daily Telegraph: Angela Culme-Seymour. 3 February 2012.
  7. ^ On Balfour's homosexuality see Candida Lycett Green, ed. and introduction, John Betjeman: Letters [2 vols, London: Methuen, 1994, reprinted 2006], i, 44).

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