John A. Knauss
John Atkinson Knauss (September 1, 1925 – November 19, 2015) was an American oceanographer, meteorologist and former administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) from 1989 to 1993.
John A. Knauss
|Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere|
6th Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
|President||George H.W. Bush|
|Preceded by||William Eugene Evans|
|Succeeded by||D. James Baker|
|Born||September 1, 1925|
|Died||November 19, 2015 (aged 90)|
Saunderstown, Rhode Island
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
University of Michigan
University of California
|Occupation||oceanographer, meteorologist, physicist, professor|
Knauss received a Bachelor of Science in meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Master of Science from University of Michigan in physics, and a Ph.D in oceanography from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California. While a graduate student, he made the first comprehensive measurements of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent. Knauss's PhD dissertation focused on the Equatorial Undercurrent in the Pacific Ocean, also known as the Cromwell Current. In 1962 he was appointed the Dean of the Graduate School of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island and served there until 1987.
Knauss and Athelstan Spilhaus, Dean at University of Minnesota and head of the National Academy Science Committee on Oceanography, worked to establish the National Sea Grant Program, cooperating with Senator Claiborne Pell, the sponsor of the National Sea Grant Program Act in 1966. The National Sea Grant College Program and Act was signed into law on October 15, 1966. The Sea Grant Knauss Fellowship, named in his honor, provides a unique educational and professional experience to graduate students who have an interest in ocean, coastal and Great Lakes resources and in the national policy decisions affecting those resources, matching highly qualified graduate students with "hosts" in the legislative and executive branch of government located in the Washington, D.C. area, for a one-year paid fellowship.
- Knauss Tribute: GSO and John Knauss Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine, Oceanography 14:2, 2001.
- "A Tribute to John A. Knauss (1925–2015) - Oceanography".
- "John Knauss: 50 Years of Service to Oceanography - Oceanography".
- Oral History of John Atkinson Knauss, Interview conducted by Laura Harkewicz, 1 November 2005]. 2006. University of California.
- Grant, Sea. "Sea Grant > Funding & Fellowships > Knauss Fellowship".
- John Knauss, who helped create NOAA and later led it, dies at 90 Washington Post, Dec 7 2015.
- "Waldo E. Smith Medal (INACTIVE)". 30 August 2011.
- "The development of oceanography at GSO". uri.edu.
- "Dr. John A. Knauss, instrumental in founding NOAA's Sea Grant program, has passed away". openchannels.org.
William Eugene Evans
| Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
1989 – 1993
D. James Baker
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