John 16

John 16 is the sixteenth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records Jesus' continued farewell discourse to His disciples, set on the last night before His crucifixion. Jesus speaks about the work of the Holy Spirit, the joy of the believers and His victory over the world.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that John composed this Gospel.[2]

John 16
P. Oxy. 208 (J 16,14-22).jpg
John 16:14-22 on the recto side of Papyrus 5, written about AD 250.
BookGospel of John
CategoryGospel
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part4

TextEdit

 
John 15:25-16:2 on the recto side of Papyrus 22, written c. AD 250.

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 33 verses.

Textual witnessesEdit

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

PlacesEdit

The setting for the discourse in this chapter and the following chapter appears to be in Jerusalem. The precise location is not specified, but John 18:1 states that afterwards, "Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley".

AnalysisEdit

The evangelist's purpose in this section of his gospel is to support the Church for whom he is writing, to ensure that they do not fall away (Greek: ινα μη σκανδαλισθητε, hina mē skandalisthēte) (John 16:1). Translations vary widely in the way they treat these words:

Verse 2Edit

New King James Version

They will put you out of the synagogues.[4]

Jesus foretells the exclusion from the Jewish synagogues which the evangelist has already alluded to in John 9:22 and 12:42.[5]

Verse 13Edit

New King James Version

However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.[6]

Verse 24Edit

 
Fragment of John 16:22-30 on the verso side of Papyrus 5, written c. AD 250.

King James Version

Until now you have asked nothing in My name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be full.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary, 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Philip W. Comfort and David P. Barrett. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001, pp. 74-78.
  4. ^ John 16:2
  5. ^ Kieffer, R., John in Barton, J. and Muddiman, J. (2001), The Oxford Bible Commentary, p. 989
  6. ^ John 16:13
  7. ^ John 16:24

External linksEdit


Preceded by
John 15
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of John
Succeeded by
John 17