Johann Münzberg (3 August 1799 – 1 September 1878) was an industrialist in Austrian-era Bohemia. His textile factories, Textilwerke Johann Münzberg & Co., were at the time leading companies in Bohemia. He was also influential in the building of the Empress Elisabeth Bridge across the Elbe at Tetschen, a railway, a brewery on his estate in Libotschan, schools and a savings bank.
|Died||1 September 1878 (aged 79)|
|Awards||Order of Franz Joseph|
Münzberg trained as a weaver and first worked in his father's factory. He gained experience as a journeyman and merchant in Rumburg and Georgswalde. In 1828 he and his brother Josef Münzberg (1794–1867) founded a cotton spinning mill, Theresienau, in Altstadt near Tetschen. It developed into an important group of companies. After further foundations and takeovers, the factories, under the name Textilwerke Johann Münzberg & Co., had more than 60,000 spindles in 1876 and were thus the most important company in the industry in Bohemia. Münzberg was called the Spinner King (Spinnerkönig).
Münzberg also founded a brewery on his estate in Libotschan and participated in the establishment of a sugar factory in Saaz. He supported the construction of a new bridge across the Elbe in Tetschen. The chain bridge was opened in 1855 as the Empress Elisabeth Bridge and connected Tetschen to the railway from Dresden to Prague. Münzberg supported the construction of the Böhmische Nordbahn railway as well as the establishment of schools and a savings bank in Tetschen. In 1848 and 1849 he was entitled to print emergency money (Notgeld).
Münzberg's descendants continued to run the textile businesses, but many factories became unprofitable and were therefore shut down or taken over by Czech entrepreneurs. The factory in Bensen-Eleonorenhain remained family-owned until 1945.
- Marschner, E. "Münzberg, Johann Josef (1799–1878), Textilindustrieller". Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (in German). Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Mentschl, Josef. "Münzberg, Johann". Neue Deutsche Biographie 18 (in German). Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Řetězový most". decin.estranky.cz (in Czech). 27 August 2008. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Böhmisches Notgeld im Jahre 1848 und 1849". The digital State Library of Upper Austria (in German). Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)