Johan Ehrnrooth

  (Redirected from Johann Casimir Ernrot)

Johan Casimir Ehrnrooth (Russian: Казимир Густавович Э́рнрот, Kazimir Gustavovich Erhrot; 26 November 1833 – 5 February 1913) was a Finnish statesman in the service of Imperial Russia, who also acted as Prime Minister of Bulgaria.

Johan Casimir Ehrnrooth
2010-03-10 Kasimir Ernrot Exhibition Bonn-Duisdorf.JPG
Lieutenant-General Ehrnrooth during his time in Bulgaria.
5th Prime Minister of Bulgaria
In office
9 May 1881 – 13 July 1881
Preceded byPetko Karavelov
Succeeded byVacant
(Alexander's Authoritarian Regime)
War Minister of Bulgaria
In office
17 April 1880 – 13 July 1881
Preceded byAlexander Timler
Succeeded byVladimir Krylov
Minister of Interior
In office
9 May 1881 – 13 July 1881
Preceded byPetko Slaveykov
Succeeded byArnold Remlingen (under Alexander's Authoritarian Regime)
Personal details
Born26 November [O.S. 14] 1833
Seesta Mansion, Nastola, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire
Died5 February [O.S. 23 January] 1913 (aged 79)
Helsingfors (now Helsinki, Finland), Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire
Military service
Allegiance Russian Empire
 Principality of Bulgaria
Branch/service Imperial Russian Army
Bulgaria war flag.png Bulgarian Land Forces
RankLieutenant-General Lieutenant-General
CommandsVitebsk Infantry Regiment
11th Infantry Division
Ministry of War of Bulgaria
Battles/warsCaucasian War, January Uprising, Russo-Turkish War (1877–78)


Ehrnrooth was born to an affluent noble family in the Seesta Mansion [fi] in Nastola in the Grand Duchy of Finland. In 1856, he graduated from the Imperial Military Academy in Saint Petersburg and enlisted in the Imperial Russian Army.

Ehrnrooth first came to prominence when he played a leading role in suppressing the resistance of Imam Shamil and the Caucasian Avars in 1859. At the time a Major in the Russian Army, Ehrnrooth continued to rise through the ranks in campaigns against Polish rebels and fighting to remove the Ottoman Turks from Bulgaria. Following the Independence of Bulgaria Ehrnrooth was chosen by Russia to look after the interests of Alexander of Bulgaria, becoming Minister of War on 17 April 1880. Ehrnrooth became the strongman of the government, and became Prime Minister on 9 May 1881 whilst Alexander finalised his plans to assume full control of the country. Ehrnrooth became the strongest supporter of Alexander during this period, although he was forced to leave Bulgaria when the experiment floundered.

After his return to Russia Ehrnrooth became Minister-Secretary of State for Finnish Affairs, although the job, which involved drives towards Russification,[citation needed] did not suit the Finn.[citation needed] He retired in the 1890s and died of a stroke in Helsinki at the age of 79. Although he had no children both Finnish World War II colonel and later general Adolf Ehrnrooth and former chairman of Nokia and Kymmene Corporation Casimir Ehrnrooth are from his family line.

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