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The Johan Cruyff Shield (Dutch: Johan Cruijff Schaal, pronounced [ˌjoːɦɑŋ ˈkrœyf ˌsxaːl])[1] is a football trophy in the Netherlands named after Dutch football legend Johan Cruyff, also often referred to as the Dutch Super Cup. The winner is decided in one match only, played by the winner of the national football league (the Eredivisie) and the winner of the national KNVB Cup. In the event of a team winning both the Eredivisie and the KNVB Cup, the Johan Cruyff Shield will be contested between that team and the runner up in the national league. The match traditionally opens the Dutch football season in August one week before the Eredivisie starts.

Johan Cruijff Schaal
Organising bodyRoyal Dutch Football Association
Founded1949
1991–present
RegionNetherlands
Number of teams2
Current championsAjax (9th title)
Most successful club(s)PSV Eindhoven (11 titles)
WebsiteJohan Cruyff Shield
2019 Johan Cruyff Shield

The trophyEdit

The trophy is a silver plate with a 60 centimetre diameter. It is similar to the trophies received by the champions of the Eredivisie. The engraved text on the trophy is as follows:

  • Border, top: "Johan Cruijff Schaal XV" (or: "Johan Cruyff Trophy X", so Cruijff with 'ij' as opposed to the international spelling using a 'y' and a number in Roman numerals)
  • Centre: "KNVB 31-7-2008" (KNVB standing for "Koninklijke Nederlandse Voetbal Bond" or "Royal Dutch Football Association" followed by the date of the match)
  • Border, bottom: "Ajax - FC Twente" (the teams playing the match, with the champion of the national league named second)

HistoryEdit

Super CupEdit

The first Super Cup match was played on 25 June 1949. The league champions SVV beat cup winners Quick Nijmegen 2–0.

The Dutch FA brought back the competition in 1991 under the name PTT Telecom Cup, with the match always being played in the De Kuip stadium in Rotterdam. After three years, sponsor PTT Telecom retreated and the name Super Cup was reinstated.

Johan Cruyff ShieldEdit

In 1996 the format was changed to the current set-up, and played in the Amsterdam ArenA under the name Johan Cruyff Schaal, Dutch for Johan Cruyff Shield.

In 2003, the supporters of both teams, namely FC Utrecht and PSV were rather unhappy with the set-up and stayed away from the stadium. The Utrecht fans complained about protocols concerning their travel to Amsterdam (strict rules imposed for the threat of hooliganism) and the PSV fans were dissatisfied with the seats assigned to them. Only 700 of the 13,000 available tickets were sold. The prize money in 2003 amounted to 135,000. The contestants in 2004 were Ajax and FC Utrecht. Utrecht won with a final score 4-2 after trailing 1-2 up until the 85th minute of the match. Thirty-three thousand spectators witnessed the most remarkable comeback in the trophy's history.

Because PSV won both the national championship and the cup in 2005, Ajax (who had finished second in the league) formed the opposition and won 2-1. It was only the fourth home-victory of Ajax over PSV in ten years.

Starting from 2017, the match will be played in the stadium of the Eredivisie champions.

ResultsEdit

Super CupEdit

Year Winner Scorers Score Scorers Runner-up
1949 SVV Schrumpf  
Könemann  
2–0 Quick Nijmegen
1991 Feyenoord Damaschin   10'
1–0 PSV
1992 PSV E. Koeman   25'
1–0 Feyenoord
1993 Ajax Litmanen   18, 62'
F. de Boer   47'
Overmars   61'
4–0 Feyenoord
1994 Ajax Litmanen   13'
Oulida   21'
Kluivert   25'
3–0 Feyenoord
1995 Ajax R. de Boer   25'
Kluivert   102'
2–1 (a.e.t.) Larsson   27' Feyenoord

Johan Cruyff ShieldEdit

Year Winner Scorers Score Scorers Runner-up
1996 PSV Eijkelkamp   48'
Degryse   61, 78'
3–0 Ajax
1997 PSV Cocu   23, 90'
De Bilde   90'
3–1 Van Houdt   84' Roda JC
1998 PSV Khokhlov   23'
Bruggink   53'
2–0 Ajax
1999 Feyenoord Tomasson   13'
Kalou   15'
Paauwe   86'
3–2 Knopper   45'
Grønkjær   53'
Ajax
2000 PSV Ramzi   29'
Faber   44'
2–0 Roda JC
2001 PSV Kežman   4'
Bruggink   20'
Rommedahl   71'
3–2 De Witte   34'
Van der Doelen   89'
FC Twente
2002 Ajax Van der Vaart   41, 76'
Mido   54'
3–1 Kežman   10' PSV
2003 PSV Robben   14'
van Bommel   47'
Kežman   88'
3–1 van de Haar   21' FC Utrecht
2004 FC Utrecht Schut   72'
Somers   87, 90'+1'
Douglas   90'+5'
4–2 Pienaar   51'
Sneijder   80'
Ajax
2005 Ajax Boukhari   72'
Babel   78'
2–1 Bouma   51' PSV
2006 Ajax Rosales   7'
Perez   69'
Sneijder   81'
3–1 Cocu   48' PSV
2007 Ajax Gabri   43' 1–0 PSV
2008 PSV Lazović   55'
Marcellis   67'
2–0 Feyenoord
2009 AZ Holman   15'
El Hamdaoui   24'
Martens   28'
Lens   67, 87'
5–1 Papadopulos   60' SC Heerenveen
2010 FC Twente L. de Jong   8' 1–0 Ajax
2011 FC Twente Janko   21'
Ruiz   68'
2–1 Alderweireld   54' Ajax
2012 PSV Toivonen   3'53'
Lens  12'
Wijnaldum   90'
4–2 Alderweireld   44'
Marcelo   75' (o.g.)
Ajax
2013 Ajax Gouweleeuw   69' (o.g.)
Sigþórsson   75'
de Jong   103'
3–2 (a.e.t.) Guðmundsson   51'
Jóhannsson   67'
AZ
2014 PEC Zwolle Nijland   54' 1–0 Ajax
2015 PSV L. de Jong   25'64'
Maher   50'
3–0 FC Groningen
2016 PSV Pröpper   38' 1–0 Feyenoord
2017 Feyenoord Toornstra   7' 1–1 (4–2 pen.) Büttner   58' Vitesse
2018 Feyenoord 0–0 (6–5 pen.) PSV
2019 Ajax Dolberg   1'
Blind   53'
2–0 PSV

Winners by clubEdit

The performance of various clubs is shown in the following table: [2]

Club Won Lost Years Won Years Lost
PSV Eindhoven 11 7 1992, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2008, 2012, 2015, 2016 1991, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2018, 2019
Ajax 9 8 1993, 1994, 1995, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2013, 2019 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014
Feyenoord 4 6 1991, 1999, 2017, 2018 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 2008, 2016
FC Twente 2 1 2010, 2011 2001
FC Utrecht 1 1 2004 2003
AZ 1 1 2009 2013
SVV 1 1949
PEC Zwolle 1 2014
Roda JC 2 1997, 2000
Quick Nijmegen 1 1949
Heerenveen 1 2009
FC Groningen 1 2015
Vitesse 1 2017

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ In isolation, Johan is pronounced [ˈjoːɦɑn].
  2. ^ "Netherlands - List of Super Cup Finals". www.rsssf.com.

External linksEdit