Keenan was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts into an Irish American Catholic family. He has a twin brother, John, and two other siblings, Ronald and Geraldine. He grew up in the blue collar neighborhood of Cambridgeport. Keenan attended Boston College High School and Columbia College.
In 1991 Cheers creators James Burrows and Glen and Les Charles, having read Keenan's novel Blue Heaven, invited Keenan to create a new sitcom for their production company. The resulting pilot, Gloria Vane, starring JoBeth Williams, was not picked up by a network, but it led to a writing post on Frasier. In 1992, his first play, The Times, a musical that charts the course of a seventeen-year marriage between Liz, an actress, and Ted, a writer, won the Richard Rodgers Award for Musical Theater, awarded by the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1993, the lyrics for The Times won the Edward Kleban Award.
He joined the staff of the sitcom Frasier as an executive story editor in 1994 for the series' second year. His first produced script for the series, "The Matchmaker", received an Emmy Award nomination, a GLAAD Media Award, and the 1995 Writers Guild Award for Episodic Comedy. He won a writing Emmy Award in 1996 for being one of eight writers of the classic Season 3 episode, "Moon Dance", and also received Emmy Award nominations for "The Ski Lodge" episode in 1998 and, with Christopher Lloyd, "Something Borrowed, Someone Blue," in 2000, which won the 2001 WGA award for Episodic Comedy.
During his six-season tenure on Frasier he rose through the ranks from executive story editor to co-producer, supervising producer, co-executive producer, and finally, executive producer. He was executive producer when the series ended in 2004. He also co-wrote the series finale, "Goodnight, Seattle." Keenan won five Emmy Awards during his tenure on the show. He was nominated for Outstanding Writing in a Comedy Series five times, and won once. He won the Outstanding Comedy Series award four times for his work as the show's producer. He also won two Writers Guild of America Awards for his work on the series.
Desperate Housewives and beyondEdit
In 2006, Keenan joined Desperate Housewives as a writer and executive producer for the third season of the television show. Although his work received good critical response, and one of his episodes,"Bang", was named the best of the season by many critics, he left the series after one year.
Keenan also created two short-lived comedy series with fellow Frasier producer and writer Christopher Lloyd: Bram and Alice in 2002 and Out of Practice in 2005. He also co-wrote the 1994 film Sleep with Me as well as the screenplay for the 2007 Annie Award-winning animated feature Flushed Away.
Putting on the Ritz won the Lambda Literary Award for Humor in 1991, and My Lucky Star won the Lambda Literary Award for Humor in 2006. In October 2007, the novel also won the Thurber Prize for American Humor.
|1995–2004||Frasier||Yes||Yes||No||Executive/Co-executive producer of 48 episodes
Writer of 24 episodes
|2002||Bram & Alice||Yes||No||No||CBS|
|2005–2006||Out of Practice||Yes||No||Yes||Creator/Executive Producers of 22 episodes |
Writers of 4 episodes
|2006–2011||Desperate Housewives||Yes||Consulting||Yes||Executive Producers of 10 episodes
Consulting producer of 55 episodes
Writers of 7 episodes
|2012–2014||Glee||No||Consulting||No||Consulting Producers of 15 episodes||Fox|
|2013||Hot in Cleveland||Yes||No||No||Writers of 2 episodes||TV Land|
|Sean Saves the World||Yes||Consulting||No||Consulting Producers of 2 episodes
Writers of 2 episodes
|2015–2017||The Odd Couple||Yes||Consulting||No||Consulting Producers of 46 episodes
Writers of 1 episode
|2019–present||Why Women Kill||Yes||Consulting||No||Consulting Producers of 9 episodes
Writers of 4 episodes
- Suzanne C. Ryan (March 21, 2006). "He's Always On the Lookout For Laughs". The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- Keenan, Joe (2006). My Lucky Star. New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-06019-6.
- Adalian, Josef; Schneider, Michael (March 29, 2007). "Keenan Not 'Desperate' Any More". Variety. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
- Alonso Duralde (January 31, 2006). "Pretty, Witty—and Gay". The Advocate. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
- Peter Cannon (November 7, 2005). "My Lucky Star". Publishers Weekly. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
- The Associated Press (October 3, 2007). "Frasier' Writer Wins Literary Award". The Advocate. Archived from the original on December 19, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
- Weinstein, Debra (25 January 2006). "Closet Drama" – via www.washingtonpost.com.