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Marius Job Cohen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmaːrijɵs ˈjɔp koːˈɦɛn]; born 18 October 1947) is a retired Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) and jurist.[1][2][3]

Job Cohen
Job Cohen, 2010.jpg
Job Cohen in 2010
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
17 June 2010 – 29 February 2012
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
17 June 2010 – 20 February 2012
Preceded byMariëtte Hamer
Succeeded byJeroen Dijsselbloem
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
25 April 2010 – 20 February 2012
Deputy
Preceded byWouter Bos
Succeeded byDiederik Samsom
Mayor of Amsterdam
In office
15 January 2001 – 12 March 2010
Preceded byGuusje ter Horst (Ad interim)
Succeeded byLodewijk Asscher (Acting)
State Secretary for Justice
In office
3 August 1998 – 1 January 2001
Prime MinisterWim Kok
Preceded byElizabeth Schmitz
Succeeded byElla Kalsbeek
Parliamentary leader in the Senate
In office
1 August 1996 – 3 August 1998
Preceded byJoop van den Berg
Succeeded byJohan Stekelenburg
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
Member of the Senate
In office
13 June 1995 – 3 August 1998
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
State Secretary for
Education and Sciences
In office
2 July 1993 – 22 August 1994
Prime MinisterRuud Lubbers
Preceded byRoel in 't Veld
Succeeded byTineke Netelenbos
Aad Nuis
as State Secretary for Education, Culture and Science
Personal details
Born
Marius Job Cohen

(1947-10-18) 18 October 1947 (age 71)
Haarlem, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyLabour Party (since 1967)
Spouse(s)
Lidie Lodeweges
(m. 1972; her death 2015)

Anjes van der Linden (m. 2016)
ChildrenJaap Cohen (born 1980)
Lotje Cohen (born 1983)
FatherDolf Cohen (1913–2004)
RelativesHendrik Cohen (grand-father)
Floris Cohen (brother)
ResidenceAmsterdam, Netherlands
Alma materUniversity of Groningen
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
Leiden University
(Doctor of Law)
OccupationPolitician · Jurist · Researcher · Nonprofit director · Academic administrator · Trade association executive · Media administrator · Lobbyist · Author · Professor

Cohen worked as researcher at the Leiden University from September 1971 until September 1981 and at the State University of Limburg from September 1981 until September 1983. Cohen worked as a professor of Jurisprudence at the State University of Limburg from September 1983 until June 1993. He also served as Rector Magnificus of the State University of Limburg from January 1991 until June 1993. Cohen was appointed as State Secretary for Education and Sciences in the Cabinet Lubbers III following the resignation of Roel in 't Veld, taking office on 9 June 1993. In February 1994 Cohen announced that she would not stand for the election of 1994. Following the cabinet formation of 1994 Cohen per his own request asked not to be considered for a cabinet post in the new cabinet as his wife was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. The Cabinet Lubbers III was replaced by the Cabinet Kok I on 22 August 1994. Cohen returned to the public sector and served as a professor of Jurisprudence at the State University of Limburg and as the Rector Magnificus of the State University of Limburg from January 1995 until August 1998. Cohen was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1995, taking office on 13 June 1995. Cohen was selected as Parliamentary leader of the Labour Party in the Senate following the resignation of Joop van den Berg, taking office on 1 August 1996.

After the election of 1998 Cohen was appointed as State Secretary for Justice in the Cabinet Kok II, taking office on 3 August 1998. In December 2000 Cohen was nominated as Mayor of Amsterdam, he resigned as State Secretary on 1 January 2001 and was installed as Mayor, taking office on 15 January 2001. In March 2010 the Leader of the Labour Party Wouter Bos unexpectedly announced his retirement from national politics and approached Cohen to seek the leadership for the election of 2010. Cohen accepted and resigned as Mayor of Amsterdam on 12 March 2010 and was unopposed in his candidacy and was elected as Leader and became the Lijsttrekker (top candidate) of the Labour Party for the election on 25 April 2010. Following the election the Labour Party suffered a small loss, losing 3 seats and now had 30 seats in the House of Representatives but retained its place as the second largest party. Cohen was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives and became the Parliamentary leader of the Labour Party in the House of Representatives, taking office on 17 June 2010. In February 2012 following increasing criticism on his performance as Opposition leader Cohen announced his retirement from national politics and that he was stepping down Leader and Parliamentary leader. Cohen stepped down on 12 February 2012 but retained his seat in the House of Representatives and continued to serve as a backbencher until his resignation on 29 February 2012.[4][5]

Cohen retired from active politics and returned to the public sector and occupies numerous seats as a nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Ronald McDonald House Charities, Openbare Bibliotheek Amsterdam, Dutch Voluntary Euthanasia association and the Anne Frank House) and as an trade association executive for the Social Welfare and Unemployment providers association (Cedris) and the Copyright and Patent association (VOICE) and serves on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Project X Haren Commission, Stichting Pensioenfonds ABP and the World War II reparations Commission) and as an advocate and lobbyist for social integration, social security and voluntary euthanasia. Cohen also served as a distinguished professor of Constitutional law and Governmental studies at the Leiden University holding the Thorbecke Chair from 1 April 2014 until 1 January 2019.[6][7]

Cohen is known for his abilities as a consensus builder and mediator and continues to comment on political affairs.

Contents

BiographyEdit

Family and educationEdit

Marius Job Cohen was born in Haarlem. He is the second child (of two) of Adolf Emile "Dolf" Cohen (1913–2004) and Henriëtte "Hetty" Koster (1913–1996). His elder brother is Floris Cohen (born 1946).[8][9]

His parents both studied history and became high school teachers of history.[8][10] They were liberal (non-religious) Jews, and were forced into hiding until the end of World War II.[8] His paternal grandparents Hendrik Cohen and Flora Polak both died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945.[11] After the war, his father worked at the Dutch Institute for War Documentation.[12] Later he became a professor of medieval history and a rector magnificus at Leiden University.[13][14] His mother became a member of the city council of Heemstede. His parents were both early members of the Labour Party.[8]

Cohen attended public primary school in Heemstede. He attended the secondary school Stedelijk Gymnasium in Haarlem from 1960 to 1966. He studied Dutch public law at the University of Groningen from 1966 and obtained his Master of Laws degree in 1971. During his student years, he was a member of the student association Vindicat atque Polit.[citation needed]

Cohen married Lidie Lodeweges on 2 July 1972 in Groningen. She studied Dutch language in Groningen and was a high school teacher. She had multiple sclerosis and needed a wheelchair. Cohen and his wife had two children, son Jaap (born 1980) and daughter Lotje (born 1983).[15] Lidie Cohen died on 4 August 2015.[16]

 
Job Cohen and President of Russia Vladimir Putin during a presentation in Amsterdam on 1 November 2005.
 
Job Cohen during the Amsterdam Gay Pride on 2 August 2008.
 
Job Cohen and Mayor of Rotterdam Ahmed Aboutaleb during a meeting in Amsterdam on 3 February 2010.
 
Newly elected Leader of the Labour Party Diederik Samsom and Job Cohen at a party conference in Rotterdam on 21 March 2012.
 
Job Cohen during a presentation at the Museum Catharijneconvent in Utrecht on 6 October 2016.

Academic careerEdit

Between 1 September 1971 and 1 September 1981, Job Cohen held a scientific position at the Bureau Research of Education at Leiden University. He obtained a doctorate (PhD) from this university in June 1981, with a dissertation on the rights of university students.[17]

On 1 September 1981 he joined the State University of Limburg in a higher scientific capacity, and was chairman of the commission that prepared the establishment of a faculty of law. On 1 September 1983 Cohen became professor of methods and techniques at the faculty of law; on 1 January 1991 he also became rector magnificus of the State University of Limburg. He resigned from this position to become State Secretary for Education and Sciences in 1993.[citation needed]

In 1995 he returned to his position in Maastricht as professor and rector magnificus at Maastricht University (the former State University of Limburg). From 1 January 1998, he took a sabbatical year, but he resigned in August 1998 when he became State Secretary for Justice.[citation needed]

Cohen has received two honorary degrees for his contributions to law and society, one in 2007 from the University of Windsor[18] and one in 2008 from the Radboud University Nijmegen.[19]

Political careerEdit

State Secretary for Education and SciencesEdit

On 2 July 1993, Cohen became State Secretary (deputy minister) for Education and Sciences in the third cabinet of Ruud Lubbers, under education minister Jo Ritzen. In Cohen's portfolio were higher and academic education, science policy, and adult education. The term of this post expired after a year and Cohen returned to his academic post in Maastricht.

Member of the SenateEdit

From 13 June 1995, Cohen was a member of the Senate of the Netherlands. Between 1 August 1996 until he resigned from the Senate on 3 August 1998, he was also the parliamentary group leader of the Labour Party in the Senate.

During his period in the Senate, he also worked for the Maastricht University, where he began a sabbatical year on 1 January 1998. In February 1998 however, he took on the function of interim-director of the broadcasting organization VPRO, lasting until 15 August.

State Secretary for JusticeEdit

On 3 August 1998, he resigned from the Senate to take up the position of State Secretary for Justice in the second cabinet of Wim Kok, dealing chiefly with immigration. In this capacity he was responsible for a new immigration law, intended to restrict entry of refugees to "genuine cases".

Mayor of AmsterdamEdit

He resigned his position as State Secretary on 31 December 2000 in order to take up the position of Mayor of Amsterdam (burgemeester) on 15 January 2001. Mayors of Dutch cities are appointed by the cabinet in the name of the monarch.[20]

At midnight on 1 April 2001, Cohen became the first public official to wed same-sex couples, following the passing of legislation opening up marriage to people of the same gender (see same-sex marriage in the Netherlands).[21]

On 2 February 2002, Job Cohen performed the civil marriage of Prince Willem-Alexander and Máxima Zorreguieta in the Beurs van Berlage in Amsterdam.[22]

In November 2004, controversial film maker Theo van Gogh was killed in Amsterdam by a Muslim extremist. Time awarded Cohen the title "European Hero" in 2005, for his inclusive approach towards the Muslim community after the murder, defusing tension in the city.[23]

Cohen found himself thrown into the role of mediator between the city's Muslims, the original Dutch population and other groups in the cultural and racial mix. Almost half Amsterdam's residents are of non-Western descent, a majority of them Muslims."Islam is here to stay, in this country, in this city (...) We have to deal with Islam as a fact, not whether we like it. So the real question is how to get on with each other." Cohen took pride in the fact that in Amsterdam no violence or arson occurred in response to the killing.[24] By his visiting ethnic groups, organizing debates among religious leaders and his listening and promoting dialogue, he received from opponents the mocking nickname of "tea drinker" – an image that would be exploited by them when he returned in the Dutch national politics in 2010.[25]

On 27 January 2006 Cohen announced he would be willing to serve a second term as mayor of Amsterdam. On 12 July 2006 the municipality of Amsterdam almost unanimously (Democrats 66 opposed, being in favour of an elected mayor) supported Cohen to prolong his career as a mayor after 15 January 2007 when his first term ended. The Queen's Commissioner Harry Borghouts of North Holland will now have to offer this advice to the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Cohen's politics towards ethnic minorities in Amsterdam is characterized by the slogan "keeping things together" (de boel bij elkaar houden). On 2 May 2006 Immigration Minister Rita Verdonk of the centre-right VVD accused Amsterdam of becoming a "banana republic", with a lax safety policy: she cited the criminal liquidations and the disturbance caused by young people as examples of this. In the yearly crime meter of the Algemeen Dagblad Amsterdam did not perform particularly badly in safety policy and crime fighting, one of the reasons for this is Cohen's targeted approach towards those who commit multiple crimes (veelplegers). Cohen stated that his policy which combines soft and hard approaches, fighting crime and fighting the causes of crime, was the key to his successful safety policy.

In 2006 the World Mayor organization determined Cohen to be runner-up in the award for World Mayor of 2006, behind Melbourne mayor John So, and ahead of Harrisburg mayor Stephen R. Reed. World Mayor praised Cohen's leadership following the murder of Theo van Gogh in 2004, and his efforts at bringing together the diverse population of Amsterdam.[26][27]

In late 2007, Cohen moved to reduce prostitution in Amsterdam, following allegations that Hells Angels and other organized criminals had taken over the prostitution industry. The city council bought 18 buildings in the red light district De Wallen from Charlie Geerts in order to convert them into upscale establishments and revoked the license of the luxury brothel Yab Yum.[28][29]

Leader of the Labour PartyEdit

On 12 March 2010, Wouter Bos resigned as leader of the Labour Party. Bos named Cohen as candidate for the position, which he accepted. At the subsequent elections, Cohen was a candidate for Prime Minister. He was expected to be a strong opponent to Geert Wilders and was described in the press as "authoritarian but enlightened."[30] Exit polls showed the Labour Party as the second largest with 30 seats and 19.6% of the total vote.[31] Eventually his opponent Mark Rutte of the VVD became the Prime Minister of the Netherlands.

He has been chair of the Labour Party in the House of Representatives since 10 June 2010 and a member of the House of Representatives since 17 June 2010.

On 20 February 2012, he resigned as leader of the Labour Party, he also left the House of Representatives over criticisms that he had been too moderate towards the center-right Dutch government's planned economic austerity measures and the Dutch government's support for the EU Commission's plan to bail out Greece, which had been passed with the support of the Dutch Labour Party. At the time of his resignation, the Dutch Socialist Party, politically to the left of the Dutch Labour Party, had overtaken the Dutch Labour Party in a number of opinion polls.

Honors and awardsEdit

WorksEdit

Books (as author)
  • Studierechten in het wetenschappelijk onderwijs (1981), dissertation[41]
  • Wandeling door een historisch besluit (2003)[42]
  • Binden (2009), collection of speeches and lectures[43]
Audio books (as narrator)
  • Het grijze kind (2007), novel written by Theo Thijssen[44]
  • De Uitvreter (2008), novella written by Nescio[44]
  • Lijmen/Het Been (2009), two novellas written by Willem Elsschot[44]
  • Kaas (2009), novella written by Willem Elsschot[44]
  • Titaantjes (2010), novella written by Nescio[44]
  • Max Havelaar (2010), novel written by Multatuli[44]
  • Reizen zonder John (2012), non-fiction written by Geert Mak[45]
  • Het dwaallicht (2013), novella written by Willem Elsschot[46]
  • De eeuw van mijn vader (2013), non-fiction written by Geert Mak[47]
  • De levens van Jan Six (2016), non-fiction written by Geert Mak[48]

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 8 October 1994
  Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 30 April 2003
  Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour France 21 March 2006
  Recipient Second Class of the Cross of Recognition Latvia 23 October 2008 [49][50]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Dutch) Job Cohen: echte held of slapjanus?, Algemeen Dagblad, 4 October 2005
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Cohen stopt bemiddeling Westermoskee, Algemeen Dagblad, 12 April 2007.
  3. ^ (in Dutch) Job Cohen wil liever thee drinken dan azijn pissen, Limburger.nl, 20 February 2016.
  4. ^ (in Dutch) Job Cohen: 'Mensen vonden mij veel te soft', Het Parool, 26 October 2014.
  5. ^ (in Dutch) Job Cohen over de complexiteit van de vluchtelingenopvang, Sleutelstad.nl, 15 January 2016.
  6. ^ (in Dutch) Job Cohen in bestuur Bibliotheek Amsterdam, Nu.nl, 9 January 2013
  7. ^ (in Dutch) Job Cohen benoemd tot bijzonder hoogleraar Universiteit Leiden, NRC Handelsblad, 26 March 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d (in Dutch) Joodsch Lyceum en huwelijk Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Leiden University. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  9. ^ (in Dutch) Heemsteedse herinneringen aan Job Cohen (deel 1). De Heemsteder. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  10. ^ (in Dutch) Studie geschiedenis te Leiden Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Leiden University. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  11. ^ (in Dutch) Jeugdjaren in Rotterdam Archived 19 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Leiden University. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  12. ^ (in Dutch) Altijd en nooit echt geweest . Leiden University. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  13. ^ (in Dutch) Hoogleraar middeleeuwse geschiedenis te Leiden Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Leiden University. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  14. ^ (in Dutch) Rector magnificus I: het waarnemen van de verandering Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Leiden University. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  15. ^ (in Dutch) Goos gaat... (Lidie Cohen) Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Esta. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  16. ^ (in Dutch) Mirjam Remie, "Lidie Cohen op 67-jarige leeftijd overleden", NRC Handelsblad, 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  17. ^ (in Dutch) M.J. Cohen, Studierechten in het wetenschappelijk onderwijs Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (review of the dissertation). Jan Tom Bos & Marc Groenhuijsen. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  18. ^ 87th Convocation Webcast Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. University of Windsor. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  19. ^ (in Dutch) Eredoctoraat voor dr. M.J. Cohen. Radboud University Nijmegen. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  20. ^ Profile: Mayor Job Cohen Archived 19 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Going Dutch". The Guardian. 2 April 2001. Retrieved 21 December 2007.
  22. ^ Marriage and family Archived 12 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine. The Dutch Royal House. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  23. ^ Abi Daruvalla (8 October 2005). "Job Cohen – Key to the city". Time. Retrieved 12 December 2006.
  24. ^ "In Amsterdam, mayor is a job for a mediator"
  25. ^ "New Labour leader Cohen: hard man, soft touch"
  26. ^ "Amsterdam closes a window on its red-light tourist trade" by Anushka Asthana, The Observer, 23 September 2007.
  27. ^ "John So, Lord Mayor of Melbourne wins the 2006 World Mayor Award". worldmayor.com. 5 December 2006.
  28. ^ Amsterdam mayor to clean up red light district, Pink News, 8 January 2008
  29. ^ "Pimping ban in Amsterdam?" by Eric Hesen, Radio Netherlands Worldwide (website), 21 September 2007.
  30. ^ "Cohen: authoritarian but enlightened"
  31. ^ (in Dutch) Bijna alle stemmen geteld, NOS, 10 June 2010
  32. ^ "Key to the city." Time Magazine. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  33. ^ (in Dutch) "Beste burgemeester van de afgelopen 25 jaar: Job Cohen". Trouw. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  34. ^ Citizenship Award Archived 23 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Foundation P&V. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  35. ^ Job Cohen to Receive Honorary Degree at Law Convocation. University of Windsor. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  36. ^ (in Dutch) Job Cohen is de 25ste Reclameman van het Jaar Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  37. ^ (in Dutch) Eredoctoraten van de Radboud Universiteit. Radboud University. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  38. ^ (in Dutch) Eredoctoraat voor dr. M.J. Cohen. Radboud University. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  39. ^ (in Dutch) "Cohen wint eerste Martin Luther King Award". Trouw. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  40. ^ (in Dutch) "Cohen ontvangt medaille bij afscheid van Amsterdam". Trouw. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  41. ^ Studierechten in het wetenschappelijk onderwijs Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Dutch), Leiden University. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  42. ^ Wandeling door een historisch besluit (in Dutch), National Library of the Netherlands. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  43. ^ Binden (in Dutch), Uitgeverij Prometheus. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  44. ^ a b c d e f Luisterboeken voorgelezen door Job Cohen (in Dutch), Uitgeverij Rubinstein. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  45. ^ Reizen zonder John (in Dutch), Uitgeverij Rubinstein. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  46. ^ Het dwaallicht (in Dutch), Uitgeverij Rubinstein. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  47. ^ De eeuw van mijn vader (in Dutch), Uitgeverij Rubinstein. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  48. ^ De levens van Jan Six (in Dutch), Uitgeverij Rubinstein. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  49. ^ (in Dutch) "Cohen krijgt onderscheiding van Letland". de Volkskrant. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  50. ^ (in Latvian) Ordenu kapituls pieškiris 151 valsts apbalvojumu par godu Latvijas Republikas 90. gadskartai. Latvijas Reitingi. Retrieved 7 September 2010.

External linksEdit

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Joop van den Berg
Parliamentary leader of the
Labour Party in the Senate

1996–1998
Succeeded by
Johan Stekelenburg
Preceded by
Wouter Bos
Leader of the Labour Party
2010–2012
Succeeded by
Diederik Samsom
Preceded by
Wouter Bos
2006
Lijsttrekker of the
Labour Party

2010
Succeeded by
Diederik Samsom
2012
Preceded by
Mariëtte Hamer
Parliamentary leader of the
Labour Party in the
House of Representatives

2010–2012
Succeeded by
Jeroen Dijsselbloem
Political offices
Preceded by
Roel in 't Veld
State Secretary for
Education and Sciences

1993–1994
Succeeded by
Tineke Netelenbos
as State Secretary for Education,
Culture and Science
Succeeded by
Aad Nuis
as State Secretary for Education,
Culture and Science
Preceded by
Elizabeth Schmitz
State Secretary for Justice
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Ella Kalsbeek
Preceded by
Guusje ter Horst
Ad interim
Mayor of Amsterdam
2001–2010
Succeeded by
Lodewijk Asscher
Acting
Business positions
Preceded by
Iris van Bennekom
Chairman of the
Social Welfare and Unemployment
providers association

2013–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Aad Kosto
Chairman of the
Copyright and Patent association

2013–2019
Succeeded by
Fred Teeven
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Supervisory board of the
Dutch Voluntary
Euthanasia association

2018–present
Incumbent
Academic offices
Preceded by
Vic Bonke
Rector Magnificus of the
State University of Limburg

1991–1993
1995–1998
Succeeded by
Hans Philipsen
Preceded by
Hans Philipsen
Succeeded by
Arie Nieuwenhuijzen Kruseman