Joaquim Francisco de Assis Brasil

Joaquim Francisco de Assis Brasil (29 July 1857 – 24 December 1938) was a Brazilian lawyer, politician, diplomat, writer and poet. He founded the Liberator Party and was a supporter of republicanism.[1] He served as Governor of Rio Grande do Sul in 1891–92 and Ministry of Agriculture in 1911.

Joaquim Francisco de Assis Brasil
Joaquim Francisco de Assis Brasil.jpg
Portrait from c. 1898
Governor of Rio Grande do Sul
In office
12 November 1891 – 8 June 1892
Preceded byJúlio de Castilhos
Succeeded byJosé Antônio Correia da Câmara
Minister of Agriculture of Brazil
In office
3 March 1911 – 30 March 1911
PresidentHermes da Fonseca
Preceded byPedro Manuel de Toledo
Succeeded byJosé Barbosa Gonçalves
Personal details
Born(1857-07-29)29 July 1857
São Gabriel, Province of São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul, Empire of Brazil
Died24 December 1938(1938-12-24) (aged 81)
Pinheiro Machado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Political partyPRR
Alma materFaculty of Law of Largo de São Francisco

Together with the Baron of Rio Branco, he signed the Treaty of Petrópolis, which passed the territory of Acre to Brazilian control after the Acre War. The Acrean municipality of Assis Brasil was named after him.

Assis Brasil also introduced livestock to Brazil, including the Jersey cattle, the Devon cattle, the Karakul sheep and the Arabian horse, and contributed to the improvement of the Thoroughbred.