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Joaquín Jovellar y Soler (December 28, 1819 – April 17, 1892) was a Spanish general who served as the Prime Minister of Spain from September 12, 1875 – December 2, 1875 and governor and captain-general of the Philippines from April 7, 1883 – April 1, 1885.


Joaquín Jovellar
General Joaquin Jovellar y Soler painting.jpg
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
September 12, 1875 – December 2, 1875
MonarchAlfonso XII
Preceded byAntonio Cánovas del Castillo
Succeeded byAntonio Cánovas del Castillo
103rd Governor-General of the Philippines
In office
April 7, 1883 – April 1, 1885
MonarchAlfonso XII
Preceded byEmilio Molíns (acting)
The Marquis of Estella
Succeeded byEmilio Molíns (acting)
Emilio Terrero y Perinat
Personal details
Born
Joaquín Jovellar y Soler

December 28, 1819
Palma, Mallorca, Spain
DiedApril 17, 1892(1892-04-17) (aged 72)
Madrid
Military service
AllegianceFlag of Spain.svg Kingdom of Spain
RankCaptain general
Battles/warsGlorious Revolution, Third Carlist War

Jovellar was born in Palma de Mallorca. After his studies at military academy he was appointed sub-lieutenant, went to Cuba as captain in 1842. He returned to the War Office in 1851, was promoted major in 1853, and went to Morocco as private secretary to O'Donnell, who made him colonel in 1860, after Jovellar had been wounded at the battle of Wadel Ras.

In 1863 Jovellar became a brigadier-general and the following year he was appointed under-secretary for war. Despite being severely wounded in fighting insurgents on the streets of Madrid, he rose to the rank of general of division in 1866. Jovellar adhered to the revolution, and Amadeo made him a lieutenant-general in 1872. In the autumn of 1873, Castelar sent him to Cuba as governor-general which he served from November 1873 – 1874 and June 1876–October 1878. In 1874 Jovellar came back to the Peninsula, and afterwards and was in command of the Army of the Center against the Carlists when Arsenio Martínez Campos went to Sagunto to proclaim Alfonso XII. Alfonso XII made him a captain-general, president of the council, life-senator, and governor-general of the Philippines (1883–1885). Jovellar died in Madrid on 17 April 1892.

ReferencesEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jovellar y Soler, Joaquin". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 526.
  • Governors of the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period
  • Philippines

Antonio Cánovas del Castillo

Political offices
Preceded by
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Prime Minister of Spain
1875
Succeeded by
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
Preceded by
Emilio Molíns
103rd Governor and Captain-General of the Philippines
1883–1885
Succeeded by
Emilio Molíns