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The Joan Gamper Trophy (Catalan: Trofeu Joan Gamper) or Joan Gamper Cup is an annual friendly football match held in August, before the start of FC Barcelona's La Liga season.[1] The competition is hosted by FC Barcelona at the Camp Nou stadium and is named in honour of Joan Gamper, a founding member, player, and later president of the club. The competition was inaugurated in 1966 by Enric Llaudet, one of Gamper's successors as club president.[2] The trophy itself is an 800 grams (1.8 lb) silver cup with five micrometres of gold finishing, on top of a 10 kilograms (22 lb) marble plinth base.[3]

Joan Gamper Trophy
Trofeu Joan Gamper
Founded1966
RegionCatalonia
Number of teams4 (1966–96)
2 (1997–)
Current championsBarcelona (41st title)
Most successful club(s)Barcelona (41 titles)
Television broadcastersTV3 Televisió de Catalunya
Barça TV
WebsiteFC Barcelona
2018 Joan Gamper Trophy

Initially, four teams participated in the competition, which featured two semi-finals, a third-place play-off, and a final. For the first competition in 1966, Barcelona were joined by Belgium's R.S.C. Anderlecht, France's FC Nantes, and Germany's FC Köln. Barcelona beat the German team 3–1 in the final. Köln subsequently won the competition in 1978 and 1981 and were runners-up in 1979, making them the only team, other than the hosts, to win the competition more than once. The next edition saw the first appearance of another Spanish team, Atlético Madrid, who along with the hosts, were joined by German side Bayern Munich, and Argentina's Boca Juniors. The latter two clubs are among the most regular guests. Bayern were runners-up in 1984, 1987 and 2006, while Boca became the first of several South American guests to be invited and have since returned in 1977, 1984, 2003, 2008 and 2018. The only non-European team to win the tournament was Brazil's Internacional, in 1982.

Subsequent competitions have included teams from Italy's Serie A, Germany's Bundesliga. Other top-flight Spanish clubs have also occasionally been invited, including Tenerife and Valencia, who were winners in 1993 and 1994, respectively. Since 1997, the competition has only featured a one-off game, the tournament being shortened due to an increased fixture list and a shorter close season.[1] If the match is tied after 90 minutes, no extra-time is played and the winner is decided by a penalty shoot-out.

Lionel Messi holds a number of records in the history of the Joan Gamper Trophy.
Lionel Messi holds a number of records in the history of the Joan Gamper Trophy.

Contents

WinnersEdit

List of finalsEdit

A (a.e.t.) marks the winner was determined after extra time.
A (p) marks the winner was determined after a penalty shootout.

Four teams (1966–1996)Edit

Year Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1966   Barcelona 3–1   Köln   Anderlecht 7–0   Nantes
1967   Barcelona 2–1   Atlético Madrid   Boca Juniors 1–0   Bayern Munich
1968   Barcelona 5–4   Flamengo   Athletic Bilbao 3–1   Werder Bremen
1969   Barcelona 2–1   Zaragoza   Slovan Bratislava 2–1   Estudiantes
1970   Újpest 3–1   Dynamo Moscow   Barcelona 1–0   Schalke 04
1971   Barcelona 1–0   Chacarita Juniors   Budapest Honvéd 2–0   Bayern Munich
1972   Borussia Mönchengladbach 3–2   CSKA Sofia   Barcelona 0–0 (p)   Vasco da Gama
1973   Barcelona 2–2 (p)   Borussia Mönchengladbach   San Lorenzo 1–1 (p)   Municipal
1974   Barcelona 4–1   Rangers   Athletic Bilbao 1–0   Ajax
1975   Barcelona 2–1   Feyenoord   Spartak Trnava 1–1 (p)   Újpest
1976   Barcelona 2–0   Eintracht Frankfurt   Sparta Prague 1–1 (p)   CSKA Moscow
1977   Barcelona 4–1   Schalke 04   Boca Juniors 2–1   Slovan Bratislava
1978   Köln 5–0   Rapid Wien   Barcelona 3–2   Botafogo
1979   Barcelona 3–2 (a.e.t.)   Köln   Anderlecht 2–2 (p)   Zürich
1980   Barcelona 2–1   Vasco da Gama   River Plate 0–0 (p)   PSV Eindhoven
1981   Köln 4–0   Barcelona   Vasco da Gama 2–1   Ipswich Town
1982   Internacional 3–1   Manchester City   Barcelona 1–1 (p)   Köln
1983   Barcelona 2–1   Borussia Dortmund   Anderlecht 4–2   Nottingham Forest
1984   Barcelona 3–1   Bayern Munich   Boca Juniors 2–0   Aston Villa
1985   Barcelona 3–1   Hamburger SV   Ajax 4–2   Rapid Wien
1986   Barcelona 1–0   PSV Eindhoven   Tottenham Hotspur 2–1   Milan
1987   Porto 2–0   Bayern Munich   Barcelona 3–2   Ajax
1988   Barcelona 3–1   Steaua București   Peñarol 3–3 (p)   PSV Eindhoven
1989   Mechelen 2–0   Sochaux   Barcelona 1–0   Internacional
1990   Barcelona 3–1   Anderlecht   PSV Eindhoven 2–1   Spartak Moscow
1991   Barcelona 3–0   Marseille   Internacional 2–0   Rapid Wien
1992   Barcelona 2–0   Feyenoord   Club Brugge 3–3 (p)   CSKA Sofia
1993   Tenerife 3–1   Barcelona   Bordeaux 2–0   Hajduk Split
1994   Valencia 4–1   Barcelona   PSV Eindhoven 2–1   Brescia
1995   Barcelona 5–1   San Lorenzo   Feyenoord 3–2   CSKA Sofia
1996   Barcelona 2–1   Internazionale   Anderlecht 3–2   San Lorenzo

Two teams (1997–present)Edit

Year Winner Score Runner-up
1997   Barcelona 2–2 (p)   Sampdoria
1998   Barcelona 2–2 (p)   Santos
1999   Barcelona 2–1   Sporting CP
2000   Barcelona 2–1   PSV Eindhoven
2001   Barcelona 3–2   Parma
2002   Barcelona 1–0   Red Star Belgrade
2003   Barcelona 1–1 (p)   Boca Juniors
2004   Barcelona 2–1   Milan
2005   Juventus 2–2 (p)   Barcelona
2006   Barcelona 4–0   Bayern Munich
2007   Barcelona 5–0   Internazionale
2008   Barcelona 2–1   Boca Juniors
2009   Manchester City 1–0   Barcelona
2010   Barcelona 1–1 (p)   Milan
2011   Barcelona 5–0   Napoli
2012   Sampdoria 1–0   Barcelona
2013   Barcelona 8–0   Santos
2014   Barcelona 6–0   León
2015   Barcelona 3–0   Roma
2016   Barcelona 3–2   Sampdoria
2017   Barcelona 5–0   Chapecoense
2018   Barcelona 3–0   Boca Juniors

Titles by clubEdit

Team Titles
  Barcelona 41
  Köln 2
  Újpest 1
  Borussia Mönchengladbach
  Internacional
  Porto
  Mechelen
  Tenerife
  Valencia
  Juventus
  Manchester City
  Sampdoria

Participation by clubEdit

Below is the participation by club listed, grouped by country.

Participation(s) Team(s)
53   Barcelona
6   PSV Eindhoven
  Boca Juniors
5   Anderlecht
  Bayern Munich
  Köln
3   San Lorenzo
  Rapid Wien
  Internacional
  Vasco da Gama
  CSKA Sofia
  AC Milan
  Sampdoria
  Ajax
  Feyenoord
2   Santos
  Manchester City
  Borussia Mönchengladbach
  Schalke 04
  Újpest
  Internazionale
  Slovan Bratislava
  Athletic Bilbao
1   Chacarita Juniors
  Estudiantes
  River Plate
  Club Brugge
  Mechelen
  Botafogo
  Chapecoense
  Flamengo
  Hajduk Split
  Sparta Prague
  Aston Villa
  Ipswich Town
  Nottingham Forest
  Tottenham Hotspur
  Bordeaux
  Marseille
  Nantes
  Sochaux
  Borussia Dortmund
  Eintracht Frankfurt
  Hamburger SV
  Werder Bremen
  Budapest Honvéd
  Brescia
  Juventus
  Napoli
  Parma
  Roma
  León
  Municipal
  Sporting CP
  Porto
  Steaua Bucureşti
  CSKA Moscow
  Dynamo Moscow
  Spartak Moscow
  Rangers
  Red Star Belgrade
  Spartak Trnava
  Atlético Madrid
  Tenerife
  Valencia
  Zaragoza
  Zürich
  Peñarol

Awards/RecordsEdit

AwardsEdit

Most Valuable Player

RecordsEdit

Top goalscorers
Position Player Club Goals
1   Lionel Messi   Barcelona 9
2
  Juan Manuel Asensi 7
  Txiki Begiristain
  Hristo Stoichkov
3   Josep Maria Fusté 6
  Marcial Pina

Consecutive goalscoring

  • Lionel Messi is the only player in the history of Joan Gamper Trophy who has scored in six consecutive editions (2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
  • Lozano Ferrer, Carles; et al. (19 February 2010). "Trofeo Joan Gamper (Barcelona-Spain) 1966–2008". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 June 2010.
Specific
  1. ^ a b Lozano Ferrer, Carles et al
  2. ^ "Enric Llaudet". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  3. ^ Miguel, J.; Giménez, S. (16 August 2008). "La gran fiesta culé". SPORT.es (in Spanish). Grupo Zeta. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  4. ^ "Messi, MVP del Joan Gamper". MARCA.com (in Spanish). 3 August 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Messi sí quiere". SPORT.es (in Spanish). Grupo Zeta. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  6. ^ "FC Barcelona v UC Sampdoria: Gamp-iones! (3-2) | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  7. ^ "Leo Messi, MVP and top scorer in the Gamper | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  8. ^ Sport (2018-08-16). "Messi wins the Estrella Damm award". sport. Retrieved 2018-08-18.