Joachim, 4th Prince Murat

Joachim Joseph Napoléon Murat, 4th Prince Murat (21 June 1834 – 23 October 1901) was a Major-General in the French Army and a member of the Bonaparte-Murat family.

Joachim Murat
Joachim 4eme Prince Murat.jpg
Prince Murat
Tenure10 April 1878 – 23 October 1901
Born(1834-06-21)21 June 1834
Bordentown, New Jersey, U.S.
Died23 October 1901(1901-10-23) (aged 67)
Chambly, Oise, France
Spouse
Malcy Louise Caroline Berthier de Wagram
(m. 1854; died 1884)

Lydia Hainguerlot, Baroness Hainguerlot (née Hervey)
(m. 1894; died 1901)
Issue3, including Joachim, 5th Prince Murat
FatherLucien, 3rd Prince Murat
MotherCaroline Georgina Fraser

Early lifeEdit

Joachim Joseph was born at Bordentown, New Jersey on 21 June 1834. He was the eldest son, of four siblings, born to the former Caroline Georgina Fraser (1810–1879) and Prince Napoléon Lucien Charles Murat, 2nd Prince of Pontecorvo and 3rd Prince Murat.[1]

His father was the second son of Joachim Murat, King of Naples, who married Napoleon's sister, Caroline Bonaparte. His maternal grandparents were Thomas Fraser, a Scottish emigrant to the United States and major in the Loyalist militia during the American Revolution, and his wife Ann Loughton (née Smith) Fraser.[2]

CareerEdit

He moved to France with his family in 1848, after the fall of Louis-Philippe of France, where his father was appointed Minister, Senator and Imperial Prince.[1]

In 1852 Joachim entered the army, becoming an officer the following year and rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1863. In 1866 he became a Colonel of a regiment of the Cavalry Guard.[1]

In 1870 he was made Brigadier general and participated in the Franco-Prussian War that led to the end of the Second Empire.[1]

After the fall of Napoleon III he retired to a private life but was able to maintain the title of General and Prince.[1]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1854, he married in Paris Malcy Louise Caroline Berthier de Wagram (1832–1884), at the Tuileries Palace.[3] She was a daughter of Napoléon Berthier de Wagram, 2nd Duc de Wagram, and the former Zénaïde Françoise Clary. His wife's paternal grandfather was Marshal Berthier and she was a grand-niece of Désirée Clary and Julie Clary. Together, they were the parents of three surviving children, two daughters and one son:[1]

As a widower (since 1884), he married secondly the Baroness Hainguerlot, née Lydia Hervey (1841–1901), in Paris on 7 November 1894. Lydia was born in Kemptown, Sussex, and was the daughter of Charles John Vigors Hervey, Esq. and Martha Hervey (née Kemp). She was the widow of Arthur, Baron Hainguerlot (1833–1892), a wealthy Parisian banker. Joachim and his second wife did not have any children together.[7]

He spent the rest of his life at his family's castle, the Château de Chambly in Chambly, Oise, France where his second wife died on 25 September 1901. Prince Murat there died a month later on 23 October 1901.[1]

AwardsEdit

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "PRINCE MURAT IS DEAD Was Born in New Jersey in 1834--His Mother Was An American" (PDF). The New York Times. 24 October 1901.
  2. ^ Macartney, Clarence Edward; Dorrance, Gordon (1939). "The Bonapartes in America". penelope.uchicago.edu. Philadelphia: Dorrance and Company.
  3. ^ a b Carey, Agnes (1920). Empress Eugenie in Exile. The Century co. p. 232.
  4. ^ of), Melville Amadeus Henry Douglas Heddle de La Caillemotte de Massue de Ruvigny Ruvigny and Raineval (9th marquis (1914). The Titled Nobility of Europe: An International Peerage, Or "Who's Who", of the Sovereigns, Princes and Nobles of Europe. Harrison & Sons. p. 1450.
  5. ^ "PRINCE MURAT, HEAD OF HIS HOUSE, DEAD; Great-Grandson of a Marshal of France and Napoleon's Sister, Caroline. NOTED AS A SPORTSMAN His Home in Paris Used by President Wilson--Kin Was Husband of Washington's Niece". The New York Times. 3 November 1932.
  6. ^ Godsey, William D.; Godsey Jr, William D. (1999). Aristocratic Redoubt: The Austro-Hungarian Foreign Office on the Eve of the First World War. Purdue University Press. p. 181. ISBN 978-1-55753-140-7.
  7. ^ Annuaire de la noblesse de France (in French). Au Bureau de la publication. 1897. p. 202.
  8. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1862), "Großherzogliche Orden" p. 64
  9. ^ "Rother Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, pp. 31 – via hathitrust.org
  10. ^ "Ritter-Orden: Oesterreichisch-kaiserlicher Leopolds-orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, Vienna, 1879, p. 75, retrieved 2 September 2021 – via alex.onb.ac.at
  11. ^ "Thomas Loughton Smith (1740-1773) - Find a Grave".
French nobility
of the First French Empire
Preceded by Prince of Pontecorvo
1847–1878
Succeeded by
Prince Murat
1878–1901