Open main menu

Jo Benkow (born Josef Elias Benkowitz; 15 August 1924 – 18 May 2013) was a Norwegian politician and writer, notable for being an important person in the Conservative Party of Norway, and the President of the Parliament 1985–1993. He was also President of the Nordic Council in 1983.

Jo Benkow
Jo Benkow.jpg
President of the Storting
In office
9 October 1985 – 30 September 1993
Prime MinisterKåre Willoch
Gro H. Brundtland
Preceded byPer Hysing-Dahl
Succeeded byKirsti Kolle Grøndahl
Conservative Parliamentary Leader
In office
1 October 1981 – 30 September 1985
Prime MinisterKåre Willoch
LeaderHimself
Erling Norvik
Preceded byKåre Willoch
Succeeded byJan P. Syse
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
4 May 1980 – 26 August 1984
Preceded byErling Norvik
Succeeded byErling Norvik
First Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
16 April 1978 – 4 May 1980
LeaderErling Norvik
Preceded byLars T. Platou
Succeeded byHåkon Randal
Second Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
12 May 1974 – 16 April 1978
LeaderErling Norvik
Preceded byPer Hysing-Dahl
Succeeded byAstrid Gjertsen
Member of the Norwegian Parliament
In office
1 October 1965 – 30 September 1993
ConstituencyAkershus
Personal details
Born
Josef Elias Benkowitz

(1924-08-15)15 August 1924
Trondheim, Norway
Died18 May 2013(2013-05-18) (aged 88)
Oslo, Norway
NationalityNorwegian
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Annelise Høegh
OccupationPolitician
Professionphotographer

Contents

BiographyEdit

He was born in Trondheim, Norway but moved to the municipality of Bærum outside Oslo as a child. As a member of the tiny Jewish minority of Norway, he experienced first-hand prejudice while growing up. In 1942, he fled persecution by the Nazis occupying Norway, into Sweden and subsequently the United Kingdom where he served in the Royal Norwegian Air Force.[1] He returned after the war and took up photography as a trade.

In 1965 he was elected to the Parliament of Norway, representing the Conservative Party. In parliament he soon became a leading figure, as party leader 1980–84, group leader of the Conservative Party in parliament 1981–85 and most notably becoming President of the Storting (Speaker) on 9 October 1985, a position he held until his retirement on 30 September 1993, after 28 years in parliament.

Benkow served as president of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, taught international relations at Boston University, and has written books on human rights, modern monarchy in Norway, and other issues. His self-biography Fra Synagogen til Løvebakken (From the synagogue to Løvebakken; Løvebakken refers to a place outside the Parliament) published in 1985 sold 250,000 copies in Norway and earned him the Norwegian Booksellers' Prize.[2] His book Olavmenneske og monark ("Olav – Man and Monarch"), a product of several conversations with his friend King Olav V, was a huge bestseller as well.

He was also a much sought-after lecturer on issues concerning the Middle East and Anti-Semitism. In recent years he managed to create some controversy when he criticized former prime minister and party colleague Kåre Willoch, calling him "the most biased person in the country," on account of Willoch's views on the Middle East and his criticism of Israeli politics.[2]

Benkow died on 18 May 2013, at a hospital in Oslo, aged 88.[3]

Personal lifeEdit

Jo Benkow married twice, his second marriage was with fellow politician Annelise Høegh.[2] He was the uncle of journalistic fraudster Bjørn Benkow.[4]

AwardsEdit

BooksEdit

  • Fra synagogen til Løvebakken (1985); From Synagogue to Parliament
  • Folkevalgt (1988); Elected by the People
  • Haakon, Maud og Olav. Et minnealbum i tekst og bilder (1989); Haakon, Maud and Olav. A Memorial Album of Text and Images
  • Hundre år med konge og folk (1990); A Hundred Years with King and Nation
  • Olav – menneske og monark (1991); Olav – Man and Monarch
  • Det ellevte bud (1994, with afterword by Elie Wiesel); The Eleventh Commandment

ReferencesEdit

^ Article in Aftenposten, May 2004 (in Norwegian) on the Norwegian Refugee Council and Kåre Willoch's visit to Israel and the Palestinian territories.

  1. ^ [1] Archived 3 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Lars Roar Langslet: Jo Benkow (in Norwegian) Store norske leksikon, retrieved 18 May 2013
  3. ^ "Jo Benkow er død – VG Nett". Vg.no. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
  4. ^ Juksemaker'n – portrettet – Dagbladet.no
Political offices
Preceded by
Per Hysing-Dahl
President of the Storting
1985–1993
Succeeded by
Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl