Joëlle Aubron (26 June 1959 – 1 March 2006) was a militant in the French group Action directe.
Early life and educationEdit
Joëlle Aubron was born in Neuilly-sur-Seine to a middle-class family. She made two failed attempts to attain her baccalauréat. She began to alternate between temporary jobs and squatting in Paris, where she met militants of the extreme left. She became a member of Action directe in 1980.
Action directe involvement and ArrestsEdit
Arrested on 9 April 1982, she was sentenced to 4 years in prison for concealment and possession of arms. In 1983, she married Régis Schleicher, another member of Action directe, whom she later divorced. Granted a remission of sentence following her marriage, she was released on 24 January 1984. She began running an anarchist bookshop, then went underground in 1985, when she joined the arm of Action directe that allied itself with the Red Army Faction. She participated in several attacks organized by Action directe, including the assassinations of General René Audran on 25 January 1985 and Georges Besse on 19 November 1986. Joëlle Aubron, along with Nathalie Ménigon, is considered to be directly responsible for these two assassinations, though their respective roles have not been determined.
Arrested with her comrades Jean-Marc Rouillan, Nathalie Ménigon and Georges Cipriani on 21 February 1987 on a farm in Vitry-aux-Loges (Loiret), she was sentenced in 1989 and 1994 to life in prison, with a minimum of 18 years. She was imprisoned at the Fleury-Mérogis Prison in Essonne until October 1999, when she was transferred with Nathalie Ménigon to the prison of Bapaume in Pas-de-Calais.
After undergoing operations for a brain tumour, she was released on 16 June 2004 and her sentence suspended by the law of 4 March 2002 concerning the rights of patients.
Joëlle Aubron died on 1 March 2006, at the age of 46, from a cancer that had metastatized towards her brain.
- "Quand le militantisme fait le choix des armes : les femmes d'action directe et les médias". Sens Public. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
- "Interview de Joëlle Aubron samedi 28 août 2004 (Libération)". Libération. 28 August 2004. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
- Video of Joëlle Aubron (in French)
- Interview of Joëlle Aubron on Saturday, 28 August 2004 (Libération) (in French)
- Quand le militantisme fait le choix des armes : les femmes d'action directe et les médias par Fanny Bugnon (in French)