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João Maurício Vanderlei, Baron of Cotegipe

João Maurício Vanderlei or Wanderley, first and only baron of Cotegipe (October 23, 1815 – February 13, 1889), was a Brazilian magistrate and politician of the Conservative Party.

João Maurício Vanderlei
Baron of cotegipe 1870.JPG
President of the Council of Ministers
In office
August 20, 1885 – March 10, 1888
MonarchPedro II
Preceded byJosé Antônio Saraiva
Succeeded byJoão Alfredo Correia de Oliveira
Personal details
Born23 October 1815
São Francisco de Chagas da Barra do Rio Grande, Captaincy of Pernambuco, Kingdom of Brazil
Died13 February 1889(1889-02-13) (aged 73)
Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil
Political partyConservative

Born as the son of João Maurício Vanderlei, a Dutch descendant,[1] and Francisca Antónia do Livramento, of Portuguese ancestry.

He graduated from the University of Olinda in 1837 with a bachelor's degree in Law and was Marine Minister, Farm Minister, External Minister and Justice Minister of Brazil. He was also President of the Senate of Brazil from 1881 to 1885[2], and Prime Minister of Brazil from 1885 until 1888 and president of the Banco do Brasil.

Wanderley was responsible for the approvement of the Saraiva-Cotegipe Law in 1885, which granted freedom to slaves who were older than 60 years old.

He was dismissed from his post by Princess Isabel during her third regency in 1888. Months later, as a senator, he was the only one to vote against the approval of the Golden Law, which abolished slavery. He is assigned the dialogue with the Princess where he says: "Your Highness released a race but lost the throne" to which the Princess promptly replied: "A thousand thrones I had, a thousand thrones I would give to liberate the slaves of Brazil"


  1. ^ Chico Buarque é de Holanda
  2. ^ "Império (1826-1889) - Senado Federal".

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