Jinsa of Baekje

Jinsa of Baekje (?–392, 385–392) was the sixteenth king of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Jinsa of Baekje
Hangul
진사왕
Hanja
辰斯王
Revised RomanizationJinsa-wang
McCune–ReischauerChinsa-wang

LifeEdit

He was the younger brother of the previous ruler, King Chimnyu. According to the Samguk Sagi, he ascended to the throne because the heir, later King Asin, was too young. However, according to the Japanese Nihon Shoki he usurped the throne by force.

He ordered numerous attacks against Goguryeo, which was expanding into Baekje territory from the north. In the year 386, he commanded all men living in Cheongmongnyeong (靑木嶺,present-day Kaesong), above the age of fifteen, to move north and west to defend the borders. He sent the noble Jin Gamo to attack the Goguryeo Dogon Castle, which was conquered. However, in 392 King Gwanggaeto of Goguryeo counterattacked and seized most of the Baekje territory north of the Han River. In the tenth month of that year, Goguryeo troops took Gwanmi Castle and threatened the Baekje palace.

According to the Samguk Sagi, Jinsa died while hunting at a satellite palace in Guwon. According to the Nihon Shoki, Japanese diplomats were sent to Baekje to condemn Jinsa for disrespecting the Japanese emperor, and Jinsa was executed by Baekje as an apology. The Japanese diplomats then put Asin in power and returned to Japan.[1]

FamilyEdit

  • Father: Geungusu of Baekje
  • Mother: Lady Ai (阿尒夫人) – daughter of Geungusu's chief minister Jin Godo (眞高道).
    • Brother: Buyeo Chimnyu (扶餘枕流, ?–385) – 15th King of Baekje, Chimnyu of Baekje.
  • Queen(s): unknown
    • Son: Jinson-wang (百濟 辰孫王, 356–?) – settled in Japan where he was called "Shinson-Ō" and became ancestor of the Sugano clan (菅野氏) and founded Fuji-dera (葛井寺).[citation needed]

Popular CultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sakamoto, Taro (2010). Nihon kodai shizoku jinmei jiten. Kunio Hirano. Yoshikawakobunkan. 平群木菟宿禰. ISBN 978-4-642-01458-8. OCLC 743364863.
Jinsa of Baekje
Cadet branch of the House of Go
 Died: 392
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Baekje
385–392
Succeeded by