Jinping County, Guizhou

Jinping County (simplified Chinese: 锦屏县; traditional Chinese: 錦屏縣; pinyin: Jǐnpíng Xiàn) is a county in the east of Guizhou province, China, bordering Hunan to the east. It is under the administration of the Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture.

Jinping County


Jinping is located in Guizhou
Location of the seat in Guizhou
Jinping is located in Southwest China
Jinping (Southwest China)
Coordinates (Jinping County government): 26°40′34″N 109°12′01″E / 26.6762°N 109.2004°E / 26.6762; 109.2004Coordinates: 26°40′34″N 109°12′01″E / 26.6762°N 109.2004°E / 26.6762; 109.2004
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous prefectureQiandongnan
 • Total1,596.9 km2 (616.6 sq mi)
 • Total154,841
 • Density97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)



Dong (also known as the Kam language) is the most widely spoken non-Chinese language in Jinping County. The three main dialects of Dong are the Jiuzhai (九寨), Datong (大同), and Qimeng (启蒙) dialects (Tu & Yang 2008: 105).[1]

  • Jiuzhai dialect (九寨): Northern Dong, first lectal area. Spoken in Pingqiu (平秋镇), Kuidan (魁胆), Gaoba (髙坝), Huangmen (黄门), and Yandong (彦洞) townships. Representative dialect: Pisuo Village (皮所村) in Gaoba Township (髙坝乡).
  • Datong dialect (大同): Northern Dong, third lectal area. Spoken in Datong (大同), Suijiang (稳江), and Xiudong (秀洞) townships. Representative dialect: Xiudong Village (秀洞村).
  • Qimeng dialect (启蒙): Southern Dong, first lectal area. Spoken in Qimeng (启蒙镇), Juzhai (巨寨), and Shengli (胜利) townships. Representative dialect: Zhemeng Village (者蒙村) in Qimeng Town (启蒙镇).


Eastern Miao (also known as the Hmu language) is spoken as a first language by about 40,000 people in Jinping County. There are three main Miao dialects spoken in Jinping County, with their respective geographical distributions listed as follows (Tu & Yang 2008: 50).[1]

1. Hekou (河口) dialect (10,000+ speakers)
  • Qimeng District (启蒙区): Hekou (河口乡) and Wenniu (文牛乡) townships
  • Pinglve District (平略区): Zhanghua Township (彰化乡)
2. Ouli (偶里) dialect (20,000+ speakers)
  • Pinglve District (平略区): Pinglve (平略乡), Ouli (偶里乡), Zhaizao (寨早乡), and Jiaosan (皎三乡) townships
  • Sanjiang District (三江区): Maoping (茅坪乡), Guazhi (挂治乡), Pingjin (平金乡), and Suijiang (稳江乡) townships
  • Dunzhai District (敦寨区): Loujiang (娄江乡) and Tongpo (铜坡乡) townships

Note: Ouli has some notable internal dialectal differences. For example, the dialect spoken in Ouli has some differences from the dialect spoken in Loujiang (娄江), Tongpo (铜坡), and Suijiang (稳江).

3. Yuhe (裕河) dialect (about 3,000 speakers)
  • Qimeng District (启蒙区): Yuhe (裕河乡), Xinmin (新民乡), and Guben (固本乡) townships

Note: Yuhe is the most divergent dialect.



  1. ^ a b Tu, Guanglu (涂光禄); Yang, Jun (杨军) (2008). 锦屏县汉侗苗语方言志. Guiyang: Guizhou University Press. ISBN 9787811260441.