Jinling Shengmu

Jinling Shengmu (simplified Chinese: 金灵圣母; traditional Chinese: 金靈聖母; pinyin: Jīnlíng Shèngmǔ; lit. 'Saint Mother (of) Golden Spirit') is a Taoist deity and character in the 16th-century Chinese novel, Fengshen Yanyi, which is also known as The Investiture of the Gods.[1]

Jinling Shengmu

LegendEdit

In Fengshen Yanyi, Jinling Shengmu is an immortal from Golden Turtle Island and one of the four chief disciples of Tongtian Jiaozhu. Her original form was a giant tortoise which she has cultivated for thousands of years to become immortal.[2][3]

 
The battle between Jinling Shengmu and the three great immortals

Once Guang Chengzi accidentally attacked her with a sword. As a result of the attack, she returned to her original form that caused a rift and lead to an open war between Branch Jie and Branch Chan. This war would last for many decades, leading to a final confrontation during the fall of the Shang Dynasty.[4]

During the Battle of the Ten Thousand Immortals, she kills Princess Longji and Hong Jin and confronts the three great immortals, Wenshu Guangfa Tianzun, Puxian Zhenren, and Cihang Zhenren. She is not defeated in the battle against the great immortals but later dies by the powerful weapon, Dinghai Shenzhu wielded by Randeng Daoren.

After her death, Jiang Ziya is deified as the deity of Kangong Doumu, the head of Ziwei Zhizun (紫薇之尊), who has 84,000 stars and spirits to drive. Her position is important and high in heaven. She is in charge of Jin Que, sits in Dou Mansion, and ranks first among Zhou Tian's places.[2] In the esoteric teachings of Taoism, she is identified as the same as Doumu.[5][6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 封神演义 (in Chinese). Beijing Book Co. Inc. September 2019. ISBN 978-7-5455-4857-0.
  2. ^ a b "一念即可成圣的金灵圣母,为两个弟子上了封神榜,后来她后悔了吗_手机网易网". NetEase News (in Chinese). 7 August 2020.
  3. ^ "居北极紫气之尊,金灵圣母为何能成斗姆元君?掌八万四千群星恶煞_手机网易网". 手机网易网 (in Chinese). 14 September 2020.
  4. ^ Chen, Fan-Pen Li (2007). Chinese Shadow Theatre: History, Popular Religion, and Women Warriors. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. ISBN 978-0-7735-3197-0.
  5. ^ "金灵圣母和阐教十二金仙比,谁的道行更强?金灵圣母的原型是谁?_手机搜狐网". Sohu (in Chinese). 31 March 2021.
  6. ^ "金灵圣母是什么变的 金灵圣母和玉帝谁大_猎历史网". 猎历史网 (in Chinese). 7 March 2016.