Jilin Yuwen High School
|Jilin Yuwen High School|
|Motto||Develop morals. Spread knowledge. Cultivate talent. Promote character.|
|Number of students||3213|
The school was founded in 1917. In the 1920s, the school was influenced by left-wing ideology. Many prominent Chinese left-wing intellectuals have taught in the school, including Guo Moruo and Shang Yue.
Among prominent alumni is Kim Il-sung, the first leader of North Korea. There is a museum, a schoolroom memorial and a statue for him at the school. There is also a slogan proclaiming Sino-Korean friendship on the roof.
Since 2005 there has been international co-operation with Australia. There have also been recent co-operation with other foreign schools from countries such as United States and Japan.
North Korean president Kim Il-sung attended the school for two and a half years starting from 1927. The school was described as the most progressive in the city of Jilin. Kim organized protests against "reactionary teachers" and Japanese-made goods in 1928. Kim was part of the South Manchurian Communist Youth Association there in 1929. Kim was arrested in the spring of 1929 and was consequentially expelled from the school.
Kim Il-sung struggled to continue his studies in Yuwen High School. He had to live in a cheap dormitory owned by the Methodist Church, as recalled by his younger friend from the school. Kim survived from his mother's modest earnings after his father died. Kim wrote in his memoirs that he tried to spare his only pair of shoes for school by walking barefoot. Kim also complained about the blatant nature of the class society of Jilin.
There is a bronze statue of Kim Il-sung, portraying him in a guerrilla uniform, at the school grounds. A schoolroom where Kim Il-sung studied is retained as a memorial, and there is a modest museum at the school.
Kim also studied in the Korean Huadian School (also known as Hwasong Middle School), which was also in Manchuria. When he chose to enroll in the Chinese-language Yuwen Middle School, he would have had other choices beyond Korean Huadian School, because there were other Korean language schools in Manchuria.
Visits by North Korean officialsEdit
Since 1964 the Pyongyang Akinori school has been a sister school, and related visits have been received since then. A slogan on the roof of the building proclaims: "Long Live Sino-Korean Friendship".
In September 2010, North Korean leader Kim Jong-il made Yuwen Middle School his first stop during a trip to China. Kim stayed there for some 20 minutes. Only days later, upon his return, Kim pronounced his son Kim Jong-un as his successor. The visit to Yuwen associated with Kim Il-sung's youth thus became a political message of a young successor's viability. Premier Choe Yong-rim visited the school, too, in November 2010.
On 15 April 2014 around 400 to 500 North Koreans including whole families gathered to the school in honor of Kim Il-sung's birthday. Volleyball and other sporting events were held on the same day in Jilin. No Chinese officials attended, but Chinese security was present.
- History of education in China#Republican era
- High School Attached to Northeast Normal University
- Jilin City No.1 High School
- Pyongyang Foreigners School
- Sprouts of capitalism, a historical theory of Chinese economics originally presented by teacher Shang Yue
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Kim Il Sung attended the school from 1927 to 1930, after his family fled the Japanese occupation of Korea. At the time, Yuwen was a hotbed of leftist thinking. Biographies of Kim say that he began absorbing communist ideology while at Yuwen. In 1928, Kim organized protests against "reactionary teachers" at Yuwen in addition to demonstrations against Japan and the purchase of Japanese goods, according to the Jilin provincial government's website.
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