Jilian (Chinese: 季連; pinyin: Jìlián) was the first recorded ruler of the ancient Chinese state that was later known as Chu. He adopted the clan name Mi (芈) and was the founder of the House of Mi that ruled Chu for over eight centuries.
According to legends recorded in the Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian, Jilian descended from the mythical Yellow Emperor and his grandson and successor Zhuanxu. Zhuanxu's great-grandson Wuhui was put in charge of fire by Emperor Ku and given the title Zhurong. Wuhui's son Luzhong (陸終) had six sons, all born by Caesarian section. Jilian was the youngest of the six.
According to the Tsinghua Bamboo Slips, Jilian married Bi Zhui (妣隹), a granddaughter of the Shang Dynasty king Pan Geng. They had two sons: Yingbo and Yuanzhong (遠仲). However, the Records of the Grand Historian recorded the name of Jilian's son as Fuju (附沮).
- Sima Qian. "楚世家 (House of Chu)". Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- Ziju (子居). 清华简《楚居》解析 [Analysis of the Tsinghua Bamboo Slips] (in Chinese). jianbo.org. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- Li Xueqin (21 September 2011). 论清华简《楚居》中的古史传说 (in Chinese). Guoxue. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
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