Jiaozuo–Liuzhou railway

The Jiaozuo–Liuzhou railway or Jiaoliu railway (simplified Chinese: 焦柳铁路; traditional Chinese: 焦柳鐵路; pinyin: jiāoliǔ tiělù), is a major trunkline railroad in China between Jiaozuo in central China and Liuzhou in southern China. The line is 1,639 km (1,018 mi) long and runs north–south through four provinces.[1] The line was built between 1969 and 1978.

Jiaozuo–Liuzhou railway
南昆铁路
China Railways.svg
Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge.JPG
The Jiaoliu railway crosses the Yangtze River via the Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge in Zhicheng, Hubei Province.
Overview
StatusActive
TerminiJiaozuo
Liuzhou
Service
TypeHeavy rail
Operator(s)China Railway
Technical
Line length1,639 km (1,018 mi)
Number of tracks
  • 2 (Yueshan–Shimenxian North)
  • 1 (Shimenxian North–Liuzhou)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification25 kV/50 Hz AC overhead catenary
Operating speed120 km/h (75 mph)
Route map

km
link to Jiaozuo ring line
Jiaozuo
link to Jiaozuo ring line
Yueshan (start of main line)
Qinyang
Qin
Jiyuan
Luoyang Yellow River Bridge
Mengjin
Luoyang North
Guanlin
Luoyang–Yiyang railway
Longmen South
Ruzhou
line from Shilong
Baofeng
Lushan
Nanzhao
Nanyang
Dengzhou
Xiangyang North
Xiangyang
Yicheng
Jingmen
Jingmen South
Jingzhou–Shayang railway to Jingzhou
Dangyang
Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge
Zhicheng
Lixian
Shimenxian North
Shimenxian
Cili
Zhangjiajie
Guzhang
Jishou
Huaihua West
Qiancheng
Jingzhou
Rong'an
Luoman
Liuzhou western ring line to Liuzhou South
Taiyangcun
Liuzhou (end of main line)
Liuzhou South
western ring line from Luoman, Hechi
km
A freight train crossing the Yi River Bridge on the Jiaoliu railway near Longmen in Luoyang.

Major cities along route include Jiaozuo, Jiyuan, Luoyang, Nanyang and Dengzhou in Henan Province; Xiangyang and Jingmen in Hubei Province; Shimen, Zhangjiajie, Jishou and Huaihua in Hunan Province and Liuzhou in the Guangxi Autonomous Region.

HistoryEdit

The Jiaoliu railway was built in northern and southern sections. The northern section from Jiaozuo to Zhicheng Town (in Yidu County-level City, Hubei Province) was built from 1969 to 1970.[1] The southern section from Zhicheng to Liuzhou was built from 1970 to 1978.[1] The two halves were joined in 1988 after the completion of the Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge.[1] In December 2009, electrification of the Luoyang-Zhangjiangjie section was completed and top train speeds rose from 100 km/h (62 mph) to 160 km/h (99 mph).[2]

Electrification of the final section, from Huaihua to Liuzhou, was completed in December 2020.[3]

The Luoyang–Shimen section of the Jiaoliu is part of the Luoyang–Zhanjiang railway

Railway JunctionsEdit

The Jiaoliu railway traverses more than a dozen major railways including:

Henan Province

Hubei Province

Hunan Province

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d (Chinese) 焦柳铁路简介 Archived 2009-06-25 at the Wayback Machine 2007-11-19
  2. ^ (Chinese) "焦柳铁路洛张线电气化改造工程完工并送电开通" Xinhua 2009-12-21
  3. ^ "焦柳铁路全线实现电气化运营_央广网". news.cnr.cn. Retrieved 2020-12-28.