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Ji Xingwen (Chinese: 吉星文; pinyin: Jí Xīngwén; 1908–1958), courtesy name Shaowu (Chinese: 紹武; pinyin: Shàowǔ), was a general in the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China. He fought in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War and was killed in action during the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis.
Fugou, Henan, China
|Died||24 August 1958|
Kinmen, Fujian, Republic of China
|Allegiance||Republic of China|
|Service/||National Revolutionary Army|
|Unit||110th Brigade, 37th Division, 29th Route Army|
|Commands held||219th Regiment|
Second Sino-Japanese WarEdit
Ji became famous across China for his presence at the Marco Polo Bridge Incident and the battles that followed. As a colonel, Ji was the regimental commander of the 219th Regiment, 110th Brigade, 37th Division, 29th Route Army.
Ji received a telephone message from the commander of Japanese forces in the area regarding a Japanese soldier that went missing after a military exercise. The Japanese commander claimed that his soldier, Private Kikujiro Shimura, was missing and that they suspected the soldier had been abducted by the Chinese. In fact, he had gotten lost while relieving himself on his way back from the exercise and found his way back to his unit hours later.
The Japanese commander demanded permission to enter Wanping to investigate. Colonel Ji refused the search demand. The Japanese Army had fabricated several similar incidents during that period in order to encroach on Chinese territory. With the Japanese demand unfulfilled, at about 5:30 am on July 8, the Japanese began shelling the bridge and Wanping, launching an assault on the Chinese position at Wanping.
When the Japanese attacked the bridge from the rear, Ji led defenses with about 100 men and was ordered to hold the bridge at all costs. By the afternoon, the Japanese had managed to occupy the southern end of the bridge. Chinese reinforcements arrived, and on the morning of July 9th, the Chinese retook the bridge under cover of mist and rain.
Memorials to Ji are found in the war museums of Taipei and Beijing. His son, Ji Mingli, has made appearances to commemorate his father and memorialize the wars he fought in.
- "A Day That Pains People Even 70 Years Later". China Daily (in English and Chinese). Xinhua. 9 July 2007. p. 5. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- Davis, Justin; Wang Xiaohua (12 July 2018). "Lugou Bridge and Wanping Fortress". PressReader (in English and Chinese). Beijing, China: Beijing Magazine. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- Du, Jiaxin (29 December 2016). "The Fall of Beijing, 1937". Warfare History Network. Retrieved 10 October 2018.