Ji Xingwen

Ji Xingwen (Chinese: 吉星文; pinyin: Jí Xīngwén; 1908–1958), courtesy name Shaowu (Chinese: 紹武; pinyin: Shàowǔ), was a general in the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China. He fought in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War and was killed in action during the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis.

Ji Xingwen
吉星文
Born1908
Fugou, Henan, China
Died24 August 1958
Kinmen, Fujian, Republic of China
Allegiance Republic of China
Service/branchRepublic of China (1912–1949) National Revolutionary Army
RankLieutenant General rank insignia (ROC, NRA).jpg Lieutenant General
Unit110th Brigade, 37th Division, 29th Route Army
Commands held219th Regiment
Battles/wars

Early lifeEdit

Ji was born in Fugou County, Henan Province, at his ancestral home in Hancheng, Shaanxi. He completed his education in Advanced Studies at the Republic of China Military Academy.[citation needed]

Second Sino-Japanese WarEdit

Ji became famous across China for his presence at the Marco Polo Bridge Incident and the battles that followed.[1] As a colonel, Ji was the regimental commander of the 219th Regiment, 110th Brigade, 37th Division, 29th Route Army.[2]

Ji received a telephone message from the commander of Japanese forces in the area regarding a Japanese soldier that went missing after a military exercise. The Japanese commander claimed that his soldier, Private Kikujiro Shimura, was missing and that they suspected the soldier had been abducted by the Chinese. In fact, he had gotten lost while relieving himself on his way back from the exercise and found his way back to his unit hours later.[citation needed]

The Japanese commander demanded permission to enter Wanping to investigate. Colonel Ji refused the search demand. The Japanese Army had fabricated several similar incidents during that period in order to encroach on Chinese territory. With the Japanese demand unfulfilled, at about 5:30 am on July 8, the Japanese began shelling the bridge and Wanping, launching an assault on the Chinese position at Wanping.

When the Japanese attacked the bridge from the rear, Ji led defenses with about 100 men and was ordered to hold the bridge at all costs. By the afternoon, the Japanese had managed to occupy the southern end of the bridge. Chinese reinforcements arrived, and on the morning of July 9th, the Chinese retook the bridge under cover of mist and rain.[3]

LegacyEdit

On 23 August 1958, he was mortally wounded during the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis bombardment of Kinmen by the People's Liberation Army.

Memorials to Ji are found in the war museums of Taipei and Beijing. His son, Ji Mingli, has made appearances to commemorate his father and memorialize the wars he fought in.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A Day That Pains People Even 70 Years Later". China Daily (in English and Chinese). Xinhua. 9 July 2007. p. 5. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ Davis, Justin; Wang Xiaohua (12 July 2018). "Lugou Bridge and Wanping Fortress". PressReader (in English and Chinese). Beijing, China: Beijing Magazine. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. ^ Du, Jiaxin (29 December 2016). "The Fall of Beijing, 1937". Warfare History Network. Retrieved 10 October 2018.