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Ji Guobiao (Chinese: 季国标; 1 March 1932 – 5 September 2019) was a Chinese chemical engineer and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE). He was hailed as a pioneer of chemical fiber engineering technology in China.[1]

Ji Guobiao
Born1 March 1932
Died5 September 2019(2019-09-05) (aged 87)
Beijing, China
NationalityChinese
Alma materShanghai Jiao Tong University
Donghua University
Scientific career
FieldsChemical fiber engineering
InstitutionsChinese Academy of Engineering (CAE)
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Early life and educationEdit

Ji was born in Wuxi, Jiangsu, in March 1932. He studied at Donglin Academy and Furen High School. After the liberation of Shanghai in 1949, he was accepted to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, where he majored in the Department of Industrial Management and Department of Textile Dyeing and Chemical Industry. In 1951, due to the adjustment of the faculty, he became a new transfer student at East China Institute of Textile Science and Technology (now Donghua University).[2] During his university years, he joined the New Democratic Youth League.

CareerEdit

After university, he was assigned to Qingdao Printing and Dyeing Plant (青岛印染厂).[2] During his work, he taught himself the professional knowledge of chemical fibers. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1954. That same year, he was sent abroad to study at the expense of the government.[2] After returning to China he became director of the Technical Room of Baoding Chemical Fiber Factory (保定化纤厂). In the autumn of 1958, he followed chemist Hou Debang to Japan to study fertilizer and fibre production technology. In 1963, he was transferred to Nanjing Chemical Fiber Plant (南京化纤厂) as deputy chief engineer. In 1965, he helped found the Lanzhou Chemical Fiber Plant (兰州化纤厂). He was appointed deputy chief engineer after studying synthetic fiber production technology in the United Kingdom. During the Cultural Revolution, he was denounced as a "reactionary" and was brought to be persecuted.[2][3] He entered politics in 1973, when he was transferred to the Ministry of Textile Industry [zh]. In 1978, he helped found Yizheng Chemical Fiber, serving as its deputy commander and chief engineer. In 1980 he was appointed director of the Department of Chemical Fiber of the Ministry of Textile Industry. He was promoted to vice-minister in 1984. In 1994 he was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE).[2] In December 2003, Donghua University established the Institute of Modern Textiles, Ji became its first dean.

DeathEdit

He died of laryngeal cancer in Beijing, on 5 September 2019.[4]

Selected papersEdit

  • "Die Entwicklung der Chinesischen Textile Industrie". Textile Technik. German. 1. 1988.
  • "China's Man-made Fiber Industry Prospects for the year 2000". International Fiber Journal. United States. 8. 1990.
  • "China's Polyester Industry". Textile Institute. United Kingdom. 1993.
  • "China to Strengthen Industrial Textiles". Textile Monthly. United States. 7. 1994.
  • "China intensive die Ent wicklung von Chemie faser and ihren Einsats in technischen Textilier". Chemie-faser textile industrie. German. 9. 1994.
  • "Development of China's Acrylic Industry". Austria: 37th International Manmade Fiber Congress. 1998. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • "The Application and Prospect of Polypropylene Fiber in China". 9. 38th International Man-made Fiber Congress. 1999. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Ji Guobiao; Shi Meiwu; Ye Guangdou (1999). "High Strength Polyvinyl Alcohol Fiber Applied in Cement and Building Materials". Chemical Fiber International. German.
  • "Hochfeste PVA-Faser fur die Zementverterkung". Technische Textiler. German. 4. 1999.
  • "The Man-made Fiber and Textile Industry at Milinium-Great Past and Bright Future in China". Austria: 39th International Man-made Fiber Congress. 2000. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • "Vliestoffe: Polyvinyl Alkohol Faser". German: WILEY-VCH. 2001. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • "Prospect of Advanced Fiber Material in China". Shanghai. 2002. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

AwardsEdit

  • 2004 5th Guanghua Engineering Science and Technology Award.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Li Yuan (李苑) (2019-09-05). 我国化纤工程技术开拓者季国标院士逝世,享年87岁. thepaper.cn (in Chinese).
  2. ^ a b c d e Yuan Yufei (袁于飞) (2013-08-13). 一生为百姓作霓裳——记化学纤维工程技术专家季国标院士. gmw.cn (in Chinese). (文革时期被打成了“反动技术权威”,受到批斗。)
  3. ^ 季国标 引领化纤强国路(优秀科学家风采录). ifeng (in Chinese). 2013-08-19.
  4. ^ 87岁中国化纤工程技术开拓者季国标逝世!今年已痛失23位院士. Sohu (in Chinese). 2019-09-06.