Ji (surname 蓟)

is the Mandarin pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in simplified Chinese and in traditional Chinese. It is romanized as Chi in Wade–Giles and Gai or Kai in Cantonese. Ji is listed 263rd in the Song Dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames.[1] It is not among the 300 most common surnames in China.[2]

Ji (蓟/薊)
PronunciationJì (Mandarin)
Gai (Cantonese)
Language(s)Old Chinese
Word/nameState of Ji
Other names
Variant form(s)Chi, Gai, Kai


The Ji 蓟 surname originated from the state of Ji 蓟. According to tradition, after King Wu of Zhou conquered the Shang dynasty in 1046/45 BC, he enfeoffed a descendant of the Yellow Emperor at the settlement of Ji, in modern Beijing municipality. Ji was conquered by the neighbouring state of Yan in the 7th century BC, and the people of Ji adopted the name of their former state as their surname.[3]

The most prominent clan (junwang, 郡望) of the Ji surname in history is that of the Neihuang Commandery, in modern Henan province.[3]

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ 百家姓 [Hundred Family Surnames] (in Chinese). Guoxue. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
  2. ^ 中国最新300大姓排名(2008) [300 most common surnames in China (2008)] (in Chinese). Taiwan.cn. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
  3. ^ a b 蓟姓起源,名人及家谱 [Origin and famous people of the Ji surname] (in Chinese). Shangdu. 2008-07-17. Archived from the original on 2014-05-08. Retrieved 2014-03-14.