Ji (surname 纪)

[1] (or Jì)[2] is the Mandarin pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in simplified Chinese and in traditional Chinese. It is romanized as Chi in Wade–Giles, and Kei in Cantonese. Ji is the 136th most common surname in China, with a population of 1.1 million. It is listed 122nd[citation needed] in the Song dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames.[3] It is 42nd in the Hundred Family Surnames, contained in the verse 熊紀舒屈 (Xiong, Ji, Shu, Qu).

Ji (/)
紀.png
PronunciationJǐ (Mandarin)
Kei (Cantonese)
Language(s)Chinese
Origin
Language(s)Old Chinese
Meaning"record; remember"
Other names
Variant form(s)Chi, Kei

DemographicsEdit

As of 2008, Ji is the 136th most common surname in China, shared by 1.1 million people, or 0.088% of the Chinese population.[4][5] It is concentrated in Beijing, Anhui, Jiangsu, and Shandong, which together account for 48% of the total.[5]

OriginEdit

Ji originated from the ancient state of Ji in present-day Shouguang, Shandong province. In 690 BC, Ji was conquered and annexed by Duke Xiang of the neighbouring state of Qi, and the people of Ji adopted the name of their former state as their surname. The Ji surname is a branch of Jiang , the surname of ruling clan of the Ji state.[5][6]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 現代漢語詞典(第七版) [Contemporary Chinese Dictionary (Seventh Edition)]. The Commercial Press. 1 September 2016. p. 613. ISBN 978-7-100-12450-8. 纪(紀) 名 姓(近年也有读的)。
  2. ^ 普通话异读词审音表(修订稿) (in Chinese). 《普通话异读词审音表》修订课题组 ["Putonghua Alternate Pronunciation Word Reference Table" Revision Group] Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China. 6 June 2016. p. 30. Retrieved 28 December 2017. 新审订{...}统读纪姓旧读
  3. ^ 百家姓 [Hundred Family Surnames] (in Chinese). Guoxue. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
  4. ^ 中国最新300大姓排名(2008) [300 most common surnames in China (2008)] (in Chinese). Taiwan.cn. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  5. ^ a b c 纪姓起源 [Origin of the Ji surname] (in Chinese). Greater China Genealogy. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
  6. ^ 纪姓起源,名人及家谱 [Origin and famous people of the Ji surname] (in Chinese). Shangdu. 2008-07-17. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2014-03-05.