Ji (surname 暨)

is the Mandarin pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in Chinese character. It is romanized as Chi in Wade–Giles and Kei in Cantonese. Ji is listed 345th in the Song dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames.[1] It is not among the 300 most common surnames in China.[2]

Ji (暨)
PronunciationJì (Mandarin)
Kei (Cantonese)
Language(s)Old Chinese
Other names
Variant form(s)Chi, Kei


According to tradition, there are two main sources of the Ji 暨 surname:

1. From Luzhong (陆终), a great-great-grandson of the legendary emperor Zhuanxu. Luzhong's father Wuhui (吴回) was put in charge of fire by Emperor Ku and given the title of Zhu Rong. A descendant of Dapeng (大彭), the third son of Luzhong, was enfeoffed in Ji 暨 (in modern Dongmocheng Township, Jiangyin, Jiangsu), and his descendants adopted Ji as their surname.[3]

2. From Fugai (夫概), a younger brother of King Helü of the Kingdom of Wu, a major power of the Spring and Autumn period. Fugai attempted to usurp the throne of Wu, but was defeated by Helü and fled to the Kingdom of Chu. Some descendants of Fugai adopted Gai 概, the second character in Fugai's name, as their surname. It was later changed to the similar character Ji 暨.[3]

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ 百家姓 [Hundred Family Surnames] (in Chinese). Guoxue. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
  2. ^ 中国最新300大姓排名(2008) [300 most common surnames in China (2008)] (in Chinese). Taiwan.cn. 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
  3. ^ a b c 暨姓起源,名人及家谱 [Origin and famous people of the Ji surname] (in Chinese). Shangdu. 2008-07-17. Archived from the original on 2014-05-23. Retrieved 2014-03-14.