Ji (surname 己)

is the Mandarin pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in Chinese character. It is romanized as Chi in Wade–Giles. One of the ancient ancestral names, Ji is an uncommon surname today. It is not listed in the Song dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames.[1]

Ji (己)
PronunciationJǐ (Mandarin)
Gei (Cantonese)
Language(s)Old Chinese
Other names
Variant form(s)Chi, Kei

Ji 己 is one of the eight surnames of Zhu Rong, related to the Mi clan, which founded Chu, a major state during the Zhou dynasty.[2] Scholar Li Xuanbo believes that the name originates from the clan's totem of snake. The Chinese character Ji 己 resembles a snake.[3]

During the Zhou dynasty, branches of the Ji 己 clan established the minor states of Ju, Tan (郯), and Wen (温).[4]


  1. ^ "百家姓" [Hundred Family Surnames] (in Chinese). Guoxue. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
  2. ^ Liu Baocai (劉寶才) (2002). 先秦史 [Pre-Qin History]. 五南圖書出版股份有限公司. p. 45. ISBN 978-957-11-2888-7.
  3. ^ Wang Quangen (王泉根) (1993). 华夏姓氏之谜 [The Riddle of Chinese Surnames]. 知書房出版集團. p. 11. ISBN 978-957-9086-50-9.
  4. ^ Gu Derong (顾德融); Zhu Shunlong (朱顺龙) (2003). 春秋史 [History of the Spring and Autumn Period]. Shanghai People's Publishing House. p. 29. ISBN 978-7-208-04544-6.