Under the Mughal Empire, the Kharanphool jhumka evolved into a single jewel, still maintaining its bell shape. Previously, the Kharanphool referred to the bejeweled round disc on the ear (the name itself meaning "flower for the ear"), and the jhumki referred to the bell shaped jewelry at the bottom of the piece.  The jhumka have maintained their status throughout history in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh as coveted earrings. The origin of this popular earring style can be traced back to ancient Chola temple statues (which make them as old as 300s BCE).
- Jagannathan, Shakunthala. "Traditional jewelry of Bharat". University of Chattanooga. Archived from the original on 4 August 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
- "Tracing the Evolution of the Jhumka". 27 May 2021.
- "Throwback to the history behind jhumka earrings!".
- "Everything You Need to Know About Jhumka Earrings".