|Shri Jhandewalan Mandir|
झंडेवालान मंदिर, दिल्ली भारत
|Location||Jhandewalan metro station North Delhi|
|Sanctum||Vaishno Devi- वैष्णो देवी, Shakti - आदि शक्ति|
|Major festivals||Navratri नवरात्रि महोत्सव|
|Architecture||Hindu temple architecture|
Chuahan era SmadhiEdit
The Samadhi (hindu tomb) of "Bela Chauhan" (Bela means Jasmine), the daughter of the famous Chauhan ruler and the second last Hindu emperor of Delhi Prithviraj Chauhan use to be in Jhandewala area. "Champa Chameli"(Champa means Plumeria and Chameli means Jasmine) was one of her maids of honour, also had her samadhi here. Both of Samadhi were razed during the time of poet Marris Akhbarabadi and now remain untraceable.
Discovery of idolEdit
During the 18th century a famous cloth merchant named "Badri Das" use to go for walk to the Delhi Ridge of Aravalli range, which was covered with flora and fauna. While meditating on the hillock next to a waterfall, during an excavation the idol of Jhandewali Mata and a stone lingam with carvings of naga was also found by him. He built the temple on the spot. Since the hands of the idol were damaged during excavation, the hands of silver were made and the original statue was cosnecrated in the cavern basement which came to be called "Maa Gufa Wali" (The Mother Goddess of Cave). A new replica of her idol was installed on the ground floor which came to be called "Maa Jhande Wali" (The Mother Goddess of Flag). Since a large prayer flag was installed by "Badri Das", who himself came to be known ad "Bhagat Badri", the place came to be known as "Jhandewala" ("the place of flag"). Within the tmeple compund there are subsidiary temples of Shiva as well as Kali. The temple is run by the Nonprofit organization Trust "Badri Bhagat Jhandewalan Mandir Society".
Hindu Jat and Muslim riots of 1924Edit
During the British Raj, muslims had built a slaughterhouse closer to the temple. In May 1924 on the day of Bakri Eid the muslims of Pahari Dhiraj sluaghtered the cow - which is revered by the Hindus as sacred Kamadhenu - in the slaughterhouse closer to the Jhandewala tmeple. This angered the Hindu Jats of Sadar Bazaar, which led to the riots among the Jats and Muslims from 11 July to 18 July, resulting in loss of life and property. Muhammad Ali Jinnah repeatedly requested Mahatma Gandhi and Indian National Congress (INC) to stop the carnaging Jats, but Gandhi and INC wre unable to contorl the situation. Riots were eventually stopped by the police.
The lower level of the temple is where people perform Puja. The upper level of the temple has the idol of Mata Jhandewali with the idol of Saraswati and Kali. There are also idols of other deities on the upper level.
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