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Jhandewalan Temple

The Jhandewalan Temple is a Hindu temple near Karol Bagh in Delhi, India dedicated to the goddess Aadi Shakti.[1] It is among the oldest temple in Delhi and located on Jhandewala road.[2]

Shri Jhandewalan Mandir
झंडेवालान मंदिर, दिल्ली भारत
Geography
CountryIndia
StateDelhi
Districtnorth
LocationJhandewalan metro station North Delhi
Culture
SanctumVaishno Devi- वैष्णो देवी, Shakti - आदि शक्ति
Major festivalsNavratri नवरात्रि महोत्सव
Architecture
ArchitectureHindu temple architecture
History
Websitehttp://www.jhandewalimata.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

EtymologyEdit

This rocky area was named as Jhandewala during the 18th century due to the presence of a large Prayer flags.[3][2]

Chuahan era SmadhiEdit

The Samadhi (hindu tomb) of "Bela Chauhan" (Bela means Jasmine), the daughter of the famous Chauhan ruler and the second last Hindu emperor of Delhi Prithviraj Chauhan use to be in Jhandewala area. "Champa Chameli"(Champa means Plumeria and Chameli means Jasmine) was one of her maids of honour, also had her samadhi here. Both of Samadhi were razed during the time of poet Marris Akhbarabadi and now remain untraceable.[4]

Discovery of idolEdit

During the 18th century a famous cloth merchant named "Badri Das" use to go for walk to the Delhi Ridge of Aravalli range, which was covered with flora and fauna. While meditating on the hillock next to a waterfall, during an excavation the idol of Jhandewali Mata and a stone lingam with carvings of naga was also found by him. He built the temple on the spot. Since the hands of the idol were damaged during excavation, the hands of silver were made and the original statue was cosnecrated in the cavern basement which came to be called "Maa Gufa Wali" (The Mother Goddess of Cave). A new replica of her idol was installed on the ground floor which came to be called "Maa Jhande Wali" (The Mother Goddess of Flag). Since a large prayer flag was installed by "Badri Das", who himself came to be known ad "Bhagat Badri", the place came to be known as "Jhandewala" ("the place of flag"). Within the tmeple compund there are subsidiary temples of Shiva as well as Kali.[3][2] The temple is run by the Nonprofit organization Trust "Badri Bhagat Jhandewalan Mandir Society".[5]

Hindu Jat and Muslim riots of 1924Edit

During the British Raj, muslims had built a slaughterhouse closer to the temple. In May 1924 on the day of Bakri Eid the muslims of Pahari Dhiraj sluaghtered the cow - which is revered by the Hindus as sacred Kamadhenu - in the slaughterhouse closer to the Jhandewala tmeple. This angered the Hindu Jats of Sadar Bazaar, which led to the riots among the Jats and Muslims from 11 July to 18 July, resulting in loss of life and property. Muhammad Ali Jinnah repeatedly requested Mahatma Gandhi and Indian National Congress (INC) to stop the carnaging Jats, but Gandhi and INC wre unable to contorl the situation. Riots were eventually stopped by the police.[6]

Religious celebrationsEdit

The lower level of the temple is where people perform Puja.[citation needed] The upper level of the temple has the idol of Mata Jhandewali with the idol of Saraswati and Kali. There are also idols of other deities on the upper level.[citation needed]

The festival of Navaratri is held twice a year at the temple.[citation needed] Jhandewalimata's aarti is done 4 times in a day.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Jhandewalan Temple". The Divine India. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Jhandewalan temple.
  3. ^ a b jhandewalan darshan
  4. ^ [1],The Statesman, 26 April 2018.
  5. ^ 2002, Organiser], vol 53, Page 158.
  6. ^ BIRESH CHAUDHUR, NATIONALIST MOVEMENT IN DELHI 1911-1932, Page 78.