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Jewish population by country

  (Redirected from Jewish population)

As of 2018, the world's Core Jewish Population, those identifying as Jews above all else, was 14.6 million. The Connected Jewish Population, including those who say they are partly Jewish or that have Jewish background from at least one Jewish parent, in addition to the Core Jewish Population, was 17.8 million. The Enlarged Jewish Population, including those who say they have Jewish background but not a Jewish parent, and all non-Jewish household members who live in households with Jews, in addition to the Jewish Connected Population, was 20.7 million. And the Law of Return Jewish Population, which counts all those eligible to immigration to Israel under its Law of Return, 23.5 million.[1][2][3][4][5]

Jews by country eligible to Israeli citizenship under its Law of Return in proportion to the general population (per million people, 2018)
Jewish Population by country ('000s, 2018)

Eligible Jewish population by country (top 13, 2018)

   United States (51%)
   Israel (28%)
   France (3%)
   Canada (3%)
   Russia (3%)
   West Bank (2%)
   United Kingdom (2%)
   Argentina (1%)
   Germany (1%)
   Australia (1%)
   Brazil (1%)
   Ukraine (1%)
   Hungary (1%)
  Other (2%)

Two countries, the United States (51%), and Israel (30%), including the West Bank (2%), account for 81% of those recognised as Jews and eligible for citizenship by Israel under its Law of Return. France (3%), Canada (3%), Russia (3%), United Kingdom (2%), Argentina (1%), Germany (1%), Ukraine (1%), Brazil (1%), Australia (1%) and Hungary (1%) hold an additional 16%, and the remaining 3% are spread around 98 other countries and territories with less than 0.5% each. With nearly 6.5 million Jews,[6] Israel is the only Jewish majority and explicitly Jewish state.

In 1939, the core Jewish population reached its historical peak of 17 million. Due to the Holocaust, the number was reduced to 11 million in 1945.[7][8][9] The population grew to around 13 million by the 1970s, and then recorded near-zero growth until around 2005 due to low fertility rates and to assimilation.[8] From 2005 to 2018, the world's Jewish population grew on average 0.63% annually (while world population grew 1.1% annually in the same period).[1] This increase primarily reflected the rapid growth of Haredi and some Orthodox sectors, who are becoming a growing proportion of Jews.[10]

Recent trendsEdit

Recent Jewish population dynamics are characterized by continued steady increase in the Israeli Jewish population and flat or declining numbers in other countries (the diaspora). The Jewish population of Israel increased from the country's inception in 1948 to 6,135,000 in 2014[11] while the population of the diaspora has dropped from 10.5 to 8.1 million over the same period.[4] Current Israeli Jewish demographics are characterized by a relatively high fertility rate of 3 children per woman and a stable age distribution.[12] The overall growth rate of Jews in Israel is 1.7% annually.[13] The diaspora countries, by contrast, have low Jewish birth rates, an increasingly elderly age composition, and a negative balance of people leaving Judaism versus those joining.[4]

Immigration trends also favor Israel ahead of diaspora countries. The Jewish state has a positive immigration balance (called aliyah in Hebrew). Israel saw its Jewish numbers significantly buoyed by a million-strong wave of Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union in the 1990s[14] and immigration growth has been steady in the low tens of thousands since then.[15] In the rest of the world, only the United States, Canada, Australia, and Germany have had a positive recent Jewish migration balance outside of Israel. In general, the modern English-speaking world has seen an increase in its share of the diaspora since the Holocaust and the foundation of Israel, while historic Jewish populations in Eastern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East have significantly declined or disappeared.[16]

France continues to be home to the world's third largest Jewish community, around 500,000,[17][18] but has shown an increasingly negative trend. Emigration loss to Israel amongst French Jews reached the tens of thousands between 2014 and 2017 following a wave of antisemitic attacks.[19][20]

Debate over United States numbersEdit

The number of Jews in the United States has been the subject of much debate because of questions over counting methodology. In 2012, Sheskin and Dashefsky put forward a figure of 6.72 million based on a mixture of local surveys, informed local estimates, and US census data. They qualified their estimate with a concern over double counting and suggested the real figure may lie between 6 and 6.4 million.[21] Drawing on their work, the Steinhardt Social Research Institute released their own estimate of 6.8 million Jews in the United States in 2013.[22] These figures are in contrast to Israeli demographer Sergio DellaPergola's number of 5,425,000, also in 2012.[23] He has called high estimates “implausible” and “unreliable” although he revised the United States Jewish number upward to 5.7 million in subsequent years.[24][23] This controversy followed a similar debate in 2001 when the National Jewish Population Survey released a United States Jewish estimate as low as 5.2 million only to have serious methodological errors suggested in their survey.[23] In sum, a confidence interval of a million or more people is likely to persist in reporting on the number of Jewish Americans.

By countryEdit

Below is a list of Jewish populations in the world by country. All data below, but the last column, is from the Berman Jewish DataBank at Stanford University in the World Jewish Population (2018) report coordinated by Sergio DellaPergola at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[25] The Jewish DataBank figures are primarily based on national censuses combined with trend analysis. Core Jewish Population refers to those who consider themselves Jews to the exclusion of all else. The Connected Jewish Population, in addition to the Core Jewish Population, includes those who say they are partly Jewish or that have Jewish background from at least one Jewish parent. The Enlarged Jewish Population includes the Jewish Connected Population and those who say they have Jewish background but not a Jewish parent, and all non-Jews living in households with Jews. The Law of Return Jewish Population includes all those eligible to immigration to Israel under its Law of Return.

TableEdit




1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Countries Core Population Connected Population Enlarged Population Eligible Population National
official
statistics
Total pct pmp Total pct pmp Total pct pmp Total pct pmp
  Israel[a] 6,153,500 42.1 734,010 6,349,300 35.7 757,366 6,545,100 31.6 780,721 6,545,100 27.9 780,721 [6]6,697,000 (2019)
  United States 5,700,000 39.0 17,517 8,000,000 45.0 24,585 10,000,000 48.3 30,731 12,000,000 51.1 36,878 [26]6,543,820 (2018)
  France[b] 453,000 3.10 6,965 530,000 2.98 8,149 600,000 2.90 9,225 700,000 2.98 10,763 N/A
  West Bank[c] 404,600 2.77 136,602 408,900 2.30 138,053 413,200 2.00 139,505 413,200 1.76 139,505 N/A
  Canada 390,500 2.67 10,640 450,000 2.53 12,262 550,000 2.66 14,986 700,000 2.98 19,074 [27]143,665 (2016)
  Great Britain[d] 290,000 1.99 4,367 330,000 1.85 4,970 370,000 1.79 5,572 410,000 1.75 6,175 [28][29][30]269,568 (2011)
  Argentina 180,300 1.23 4,070 270,000 1.52 6,095 330,000 1.60 7,449 350,000 1.49 7,901 N/A
  Russia 172,000 1.18 1,172 320,000 1.80 2,180 440,000 2.13 2,997 600,000 2.56 4,087 [31]157,968 (2010)
  Germany 116,000 0.794 1,396 150,000 0.843 1,805 225,000 1.09 2,708 275,000 1.17 3,309 [32]84,430 (2011)
  Australia 113,400 0.776 4,629 125,000 0.702 5,102 140,000 0.677 5,714 155,000 0.660 6,327 [33]91,022 (2016)
  Brazil 93,200 0.638 448 120,000 0.674 577 150,000 0.725 722 180,000 0.767 866 [33]107,329 (2010)
  South Africa 69,000 0.472 1,221 75,000 0.421 1,327 80,000 0.387 1,416 85,000 0.362 1,504 [33]75,555 (2001)
  Ukraine 50,000 0.342 1,182 97,000 0.545 2,293 140,000 0.677 3,310 200,000 0.852 4,728 [34]105,480 (2001)
  Hungary 47,400 0.325 4,837 75,000 0.421 7,653 100,000 0.483 10,204 130,000 0.554 13,265 [33]10,965 (2011)
  Mexico 40,000 0.274 310 45,000 0.253 348 50,000 0.242 387 65,000 0.277 503 [33]67,476 (2010)
  Netherlands 29,800 0.204 1,743 43,000 0.242 2,515 52,000 0.251 3,041 60,000 0.256 3,509 [35]0.1% (2016)
  Belgium 29,200 0.200 2,584 35,000 0.197 3,097 40,000 0.193 3,540 45,000 0.192 3,982 N/A
  Italy 27,500 0.188 455 34,000 0.191 562 41,000 0.198 678 48,000 0.204 793 N/A
  Switzerland 18,600 0.127 2,188 22,000 0.124 2,588 25,000 0.121 2,941 28,000 0.119 3,294 [33]16,763 (2011)
  Chile 18,300 0.125 995 21,000 0.118 1,141 26,000 0.126 1,413 30,000 0.128 1,630 [33]14,976 (2002)
  Uruguay 16,700 0.114 4,771 20,000 0.112 5,714 25,000 0.121 7,143 27,500 0.117 7,857 N/A
  Turkey 15,000 0.103 185 19,300 0.108 239 21,000 0.102 260 23,000 0.0980 284 N/A
  Sweden 15,000 0.103 1,485 20,000 0.112 1,980 25,000 0.121 2,475 30,000 0.128 2,970 N/A
  Spain 11,700 0.0801 251 15,000 0.0843 322 18,000 0.0870 386 20,000 0.0852 429 N/A
  Belarus 9,500 0.0650 1,000 18,000 0.101 1,895 25,000 0.121 2,632 33,000 0.141 3,474 [36]12,935 (2009)
  Panama 10,000 0.0685 2,439 11,000 0.0618 2,683 12,000 0.0580 2,927 13,000 0.0554 3,171 N/A
  Romania 9,100 0.0623 464 13,500 0.0759 689 17,000 0.0822 867 20,000 0.0852 1,020 [33]3,519 (2011)
  Austria 9,000 0.0616 1,023 14,000 0.0787 1,591 17,000 0.0822 1,932 20,000 0.0852 2,273 [33]8,140 (2001)
  Iran 8,500 0.0582 105 11,000 0.0618 136 12,000 0.0580 149 13,000 0.0554 161 [33]9,826 (2016)
  Azerbaijan 7,800 0.0534 788 10,500 0.0590 1,061 16,000 0.0773 1,616 22,000 0.0937 2,222 [37]9,084 (2009)
  Venezuela 7,300 0.0500 232 10,000 0.0562 318 12,000 0.0580 382 14,000 0.0596 446 [38][39]9,500 (2010)
  New Zealand 7,500 0.0513 1,563 8,500 0.0478 1,771 9,500 0.0459 1,979 11,000 0.0469 2,292 [33]6,867 (2013)
  Denmark 6,400 0.0438 1,103 7,500 0.0421 1,293 8,500 0.0411 1,466 9,500 0.0405 1,638 N/A
  India 4,900 0.0335 4 6,000 0.0337 4 7,000 0.0338 5 8,000 0.0341 6 [40]4,650 (2011)
  Latvia 4,700 0.0322 2,474 8,000 0.0450 4,211 12,000 0.0580 6,316 16,000 0.0682 8,421 [41]8,210 (2019)
  Greece 4,200 0.0288 393 5,500 0.0309 514 6,000 0.0290 561 7,000 0.0298 654 N/A
  Czech Republic 3,900 0.0267 368 5,000 0.0281 472 6,500 0.0314 613 8,000 0.0341 755 [42]1,474 (2011)
  Moldova 2,000 0.0137 556 5,700 0.0320 1,583 7,500 0.0363 2,083 11,000 0.0469 3,056 [43]1,597 (2014)
  Uzbekistan 3,200 0.0219 99 6,000 0.0337 185 8,000 0.0387 247 10,000 0.0426 309 [44]94,689 (1989)
  Poland 4,500 0.0308 117 7,000 0.0393 182 10,000 0.0483 260 13,000 0.0554 339 [45]2,488 (2011)
  Kazakhstan 2,700 0.0185 150 4,800 0.0270 267 6,500 0.0314 361 9,600 0.0409 533 [33]5,281 (2009)
  China[e] 2,800 0.0192 2 2,900 0.0163 2 3,300 0.0160 2 3,500 0.0149 3 N/A
  Lithuania 2,500 0.0171 893 4,700 0.0264 1,679 6,500 0.0314 2,321 10,000 0.0426 3,571 [33]1,229 (2011)
  Slovakia 2,600 0.0178 481 3,600 0.0202 667 4,600 0.0222 852 6,000 0.0256 1,111 [46]601 (2019)
  Costa Rica 2,500 0.0171 510 2,800 0.0157 571 3,100 0.0150 633 3,400 0.0145 694 N/A
  Colombia 2,200 0.0151 45 2,800 0.0157 57 3,500 0.0169 71 4,500 0.0192 91 N/A
  Morocco 2,150 0.0147 61 2,500 0.0140 71 2,700 0.0131 77 2,900 0.0124 83 N/A
  Bulgaria 2,000 0.0137 282 4,000 0.0225 563 6,000 0.0290 845 7,500 0.0320 1,056 [47]1,162 (2011)
  Estonia 1,900 0.0130 1,462 2,600 0.0146 2,000 3,400 0.0164 2,615 4,500 0.0192 3,462 [48]1,971 (2017)
  Peru 1,900 0.0130 60 2,300 0.0129 72 3,000 0.0145 94 3,500 0.0149 110 N/A
  Croatia 1,700 0.0116 415 2,400 0.0135 585 3,000 0.0145 732 3,500 0.0149 854 [33]536 (2011)
  Georgia 1,600 0.0110 410 4,500 0.0253 1,154 6,000 0.0290 1,538 8,700 0.0371 2,231 [33]1,417 (2014)
  Ireland 2,600 0.0178 542 3,600 0.0202 750 5,000 0.0242 1,042 7,000 0.0298 1,458 [49]1,921 (2016)
  Puerto Rico 1,500 0.0103 441 2,000 0.0112 588 2,500 0.0121 735 3,000 0.0128 882 N/A
  Serbia 1,400 0.00959 200 2,100 0.0118 300 2,800 0.0135 400 3,500 0.0149 500 [33]578 (2011)
  Finland 1,300 0.00890 236 1,600 0.00899 291 1,900 0.00918 345 2,200 0.00937 400 [50]1,093 (2017)
  Norway 1,300 0.00890 245 1,500 0.00843 283 2,000 0.00967 377 2,500 0.0107 472 [51]789 (2018)
  Tunisia 1,050 0.00719 91 1,200 0.00674 104 1,300 0.00628 113 1,400 0.00596 122 N/A
  Japan 1,000 0.00685 8 1,200 0.00674 9 1,400 0.00677 11 1,600 0.00682 13 N/A
  Paraguay 1,000 0.00685 147 1,300 0.00731 191 1,600 0.00773 235 1,900 0.00809 279 [33]1,100 (2002)
  Guatemala 900 0.00616 53 1,200 0.00674 71 1,500 0.00725 89 1,800 0.00767 107 N/A
  Singapore 900 0.00616 158 1,000 0.00562 175 1,200 0.00580 211 1,400 0.00596 246 N/A
  Ecuador 600 0.00411 36 800 0.00450 48 1,000 0.00483 60 1,200 0.00511 71 N/A
  Gibraltar 600 0.00411 17,143 700 0.00393 20,000 800 0.00387 22,857 900 0.00383 25,714 [33]763 (2012)
  Luxembourg 600 0.00411 1,000 800 0.00450 1,333 1,000 0.00483 1,667 1,200 0.00511 2,000 N/A
  Portugal 600 0.00411 58 800 0.00450 78 1,000 0.00483 97 1,200 0.00511 117 [33]3,061 (2011)
  Bolivia 500 0.00342 45 700 0.00393 63 900 0.00435 81 1,000 0.00426 90 N/A
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 500 0.00342 143 800 0.00450 229 1,000 0.00483 286 1,200 0.00511 343 [52]262 (2013)
  Cuba 500 0.00342 44 1,000 0.00562 88 1,500 0.00725 133 2,000 0.00852 177 N/A
  U.S. Virgin Islands 400 0.00274 3,810 600 0.00337 5,714 700 0.00338 6,667 800 0.00341 7,619 N/A
  Kyrgyzstan 400 0.00274 65 700 0.00393 113 1,000 0.00483 161 1,500 0.00639 242 [53]455 (2018)
  Bahamas 300 0.00205 750 500 0.00281 1,250 700 0.00338 1,750 800 0.00341 2,000 [33]191 (2010)
  Kenya 300 0.00205 6 500 0.00281 10 700 0.00338 14 900 0.00383 18 N/A
  Netherlands Antilles 300 0.00205 926 500 0.00281 1,543 700 0.00338 2,160 800 0.00341 2,469 N/A
  Jamaica 200 0.00137 69 300 0.00169 103 400 0.00193 138 500 0.00213 172 [33]506 (2011)
  Suriname 200 0.00137 333 400 0.00225 667 600 0.00290 1,000 800 0.00341 1,333 [54]181 (2012)
  Thailand 200 0.00137 3 300 0.00169 5 400 0.00193 6 500 0.00213 8 N/A
  Turkmenistan 200 0.00137 34 400 0.00225 69 600 0.00290 103 800 0.00341 138 [55]1,537 (1995)
  Zimbabwe 200 0.00137 12 600 0.00337 36 800 0.00387 48 1,000 0.00426 60 N/A
  Armenia 100 0.000685 33 300 0.00169 100 500 0.00242 167 700 0.00298 233 [56]127 (2011)
  Bermuda 100 0.000685 1,639 200 0.00112 3,279 300 0.00145 4,918 400 0.00170 6,557 [33]135 (2010)
  Botswana 100 0.000685 43 200 0.00112 87 300 0.00145 130 400 0.00170 174 N/A
  DR Congo 100 0.000685 1 200 0.00112 2 300 0.00145 4 400 0.00170 5 N/A
  Cyprus 100 0.000685 83 200 0.00112 167 300 0.00145 250 400 0.00170 333 N/A
  Dominican Republic 100 0.000685 9 200 0.00112 19 300 0.00145 28 400 0.00170 37 N/A
  Egypt 100 0.000685 1 200 0.00112 2 300 0.00145 3 400 0.00170 4 N/A
  El Salvador 100 0.000685 16 200 0.00112 31 300 0.00145 47 400 0.00170 63 N/A
  Ethiopia 100 0.000685 1 500 0.00281 5 1,000 0.00483 10 2,500 0.0107 24 N/A
  Indonesia 100 0.000685 0 200 0.00112 1 300 0.00145 1 400 0.00170 2 N/A
  Malta 100 0.000685 250 200 0.00112 500 300 0.00145 750 400 0.00170 1,000 N/A
  Namibia 100 0.000685 40 200 0.00112 80 300 0.00145 120 400 0.00170 160 N/A
  Nigeria 100 0.000685 1 200 0.00112 1 300 0.00145 2 400 0.00170 2 N/A
  North Macedonia 100 0.000685 48 200 0.00112 95 300 0.00145 143 400 0.00170 190 [57]53 (2002)
  Madagascar 100 0.000685 4 200 0.00112 8 300 0.00145 12 400 0.00170 16 N/A
  Philippines 100 0.000685 1 200 0.00112 2 300 0.00145 3 400 0.00170 4 N/A
  Slovenia 100 0.000685 48 200 0.00112 95 300 0.00145 143 400 0.00170 190 [33]99 (2001)
  South Korea 100 0.000685 2 200 0.00112 4 300 0.00145 6 400 0.00170 8 N/A
  Syria[f] 100 0.000685 5 200 0.00112 11 300 0.00145 16 400 0.00170 22 N/A
  Taiwan 100 0.000685 4 200 0.00112 8 300 0.00145 13 400 0.00170 17 N/A
  Uganda N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [58]7,189 (2014)
  Aruba N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]354 (2010)
  Nicaragua N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]199 (2005)
  Barbados N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]103 (2011)
  Mauritius N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]43 (2011)
  Tajikistan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [37][59]38 (2010)
  Anguilla N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]16 (2001)
  Faroe Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [60]12 (2011)
  Montenegro N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]12 (2003)
  British Virgin Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]11 (2010)
  Liechtenstein N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [61]26 (2000)
  Falkland Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [33]1 (2006)
  World 14,606,000 100% 1,884 17,794,400 100% 2,295 20,687,800 100% 2,668 23,472,400 100% 3,027 N/A
  1. ^ Including East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, not including the West Bank.
  2. ^ Figures includes France and Monaco. See: History of the Jews in France and History of the Jews in Monaco.
  3. ^ West Bank total population (without East Jerusalem): 2,548,700; Gaza: 1,839,900; Total: 4,388,600. The West Bank also includes 404,600 Jews and 8,600 non-Jewish members of Jewish households, for a total of 413,200 Jews and others. The reported West Bank total of 2,961,900 includes Palestinian, Jewish and other residents.
  4. ^ Including the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
  5. ^ Figures include mainland China and Hong Kong SAR. See: History of the Jews in China and History of the Jews in Hong Kong.
  6. ^ Includes Lebanon.

Remnant and vanished populationsEdit

The above table represents Jews that number at least a few dozen per country. Reports exist of Jewish communities remaining in other territories in the low single digits that are on the verge of disappearing, particularly in the Muslim world, as their reaction to the birth of Israel in 1948 was the persecution of Jews in nearly all Muslim lands; these are often of historical interest as they represent the remnant of much larger Jewish populations. For example, Egypt had a Jewish community of 80,000 in the early 20th century that numbered fewer than 40 as of 2014, mainly because of the forced expulsion movements to Israel and other countries at that time.[62] Afghanistan may have only one Jew left, Zablon Simintov, despite a 2,000 year history of Jewish presence.[63] In Syria, another ancient Jewish community saw mass exodus at the end of the 20th century and numbered fewer than 20 in the midst of the Syrian Civil War.[64] The size of the Jewish community in Indonesia has been variously given as 65, 100, or 18 at most over the last 50 years.[65][66]

Major Jewish population centers worldwideEdit

 
Visualization of Urban Areas by Jewish Population

Censuses in many countries do not record religious or ethnic background, leading to a lack of certainty on the exact numbers of Jewish population.


Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
Municipality Country Percent Number
Qırmızı Qəsəbə[67]   Azerbaijan 100 3,300
Kiryas Joel[68]   United States 99 22,000
Beachwood[69]   United States 90
.4 10,700
Hampstead[70]   Canada 74
.2 5,170
Côte-Saint-Luc[71]   Canada 69
.1 20,146
Lakewood[72]   United States 59 59,607
Teaneck[73]   United States 50 18,000
Livingston[citation needed]   United States 46 12,600
Caulfield North[74][75]   Australia 41
.1 8,619
Elstree, Hertfordshire[76]   Great Britain 36
.0 1,840
Caulfield South[77][78]   Australia 33
.9 4,008
Rose Bay[79][80]   Australia 27
.3 2,744
Radlett, Hertfordshire[81][82]   Great Britain 26
.28 2,579
Sarcelles[83]   France 25 15,000
Mercer Island[84][85]   United States 25 5,000
St Kilda East[86][87]   Australia 24
.8 3,246
Créteil[88]   France 24
.4 22,000
Vaucluse[89][90]   Australia 23
.2 2,163
Westmount[91][92]   Canada 23
.2 4,495
Bellevue Hill[93][94]   Australia 21
.4 2,300
Dollard-des-Ormeaux[95][96]   Canada 21
.1 10,115
New York City[97][98]   United States 18 1,540,000
Elsternwick[99][100]   Australia 17
.8 1,846
Bushey, Hertfordshire[citation needed]   Great Britain 17
.65 4,546
Shenley, Hertfordshire[101]   Great Britain 15
.7 864
Vaughan[102]   Canada 15
.28 33,090
Bondi[103][104]   Australia 12
.7 1,272
Borehamwood, Hertfordshire[citation needed]   Great Britain 12
.22 3,906
Mount Royal[105][106]   Canada 12
.0 2,205
Chigwell Row, Essex[107]   Great Britain 13
.3 294
Chigwell, Essex[108]   Great Britain 11
.5 1,492
Marseille[109][110]   France 9 70,000
Buenos Aires[111][112]   Argentina 8
.22 244,000
Moor Park, Hertfordshire[113]   Great Britain 8
.1 448
Bricket Wood, Hertfordshire[114]   Great Britain 6
.67 273
Bury[115]   Great Britain 5
.60 10,360
Buckhurst Hill, Essex[116][117]   Great Britain 4
.83 549
Baltimore[118]   United States 4
.3 93,400
Toronto[119][120]   Canada 4
.21 103,500
Deal[citation needed]   United States 91 600
Teaneck[73]   United States 50 18,000
Sarcelles[83]   France 25 15,000
Montreal West[121]   Canada 13
.8 710
Los Angeles[97][122]   United States 12
.5 519,000
Newton Mearns[123]   Great Britain 5
.98 1,431
Jerusalem[124]   Israel 546,100
Tel Aviv-Yafo[124]   Israel 401,500
San Francisco Bay Area[122]   United States 391,550
Chicago[122]   United States 291,800
Paris[112]   France 277,000
Boston[122]   United States 248,000
Rishon LeZiyyon[124]   Israel 229,300
Petah Tiqwa[124]   Israel 220,900
Haifa[124]   Israel 217,600
Washington, D.C.[122]   United States 215,600
Philadelphia[122]   United States 214,600
Ashdod[124]   Israel 200,400
Netanya[124]   Israel 196,300
Be'er Sheva[124]   Israel 181,000
London[125]   United Kingdom 172,000
Ramat Gan[126]   Israel 146,900
Atlanta[122]   United States 119,800
Miami[122]   United States 119,000
Moscow[127]   Russia 100,000
San Diego[122]   United States 100,000
Montreal[120]   Canada 90,780
Cleveland-Akron-Canton[128][129][130][131]   United States 86,600
Denver-Boulder[132]   United States 83,900
Phoenix[133]   United States 82,900
Las Vegas Valley[134]   United States 80,000
Budapest[135]   Hungary 80,000
Metro Detroit[136][failed verification]   United States 78,000
São Paulo[137]   Brazil 75,000
Seattle[138]   United States 63,400
Dallas-Fort Worth[139]   United States 57,800
St. Louis[140]   United States 54,500
Tampa Bay Area (Tampa-Saint Petersburg)[141]   United States 51,100
Johannesburg[25]   South Africa 50,000
Houston[142]   United States 48,400
Portland[143]   United States 47,500
Pittsburgh[144]   United States 42,200
Melbourne[145]   Australia 41,643
Minneapolis-Saint Paul[146]   United States 40,240
Saint Petersburg[127]   Russia 40,000
Rio de Janeiro[147]   Brazil 40,000
Mexico City[148]   Mexico 39,777
Sydney[149]   Australia 35,196
Hartford[150]   United States 34,500
New Haven[151]   United States 29,700
Cincinnati[152]   United States 27,000
Vancouver[153]   Canada 26,255
Milwaukee[154]   United States 25,800
Manchester[155]   United Kingdom 25,000
Berlin[156]   Germany 25,000
Tucson[157][158]   United States 22,900
Rochester[159]   United States 22,500
Columbus[160]   United States 25,500
Montevideo[161]   Uruguay 20,000
Amsterdam[162]   Netherlands 20,000
Kansas City[163]   United States 19,000
Orlando[164]   United States 19,000
Kiev[165]   Ukraine 17,900
Istanbul[166][167]   Turkey 17,000
Austin[168]   United States 16,300
Strasbourg[169]   France 16,000
Cape Town[25][170]   South Africa 16,000
Porto Alegre[171]   Brazil 15,000
Jacksonville[172]   United States 15,000
Antwerp[159]   Belgium 15,000
Panama City[173]   Panama 15,000
Providence[174]   United States 14,200
Ottawa-Gatineau[120]   Canada 14,010
Winnipeg[120]   Canada 13,690
Rome[6]   Italy 13,000
Buffalo[175]   United States 13,000
San Antonio[176]   United States 12,740
Richmond[177]   United States 12,500
Albany[178]   United States 12,500
Odessa[citation needed]   Ukraine 12,400
Charlotte[122]   United States 12,000
New Orleans[179]   United States 12,000
Munich[180]   Germany 11,000
Frankfurt[181]   Germany 10,500
Kharkiv[citation needed]   Ukraine 10,300
Indianapolis[182]   United States 10,000
Córdoba[155]   Argentina 9,000
Stockholm[183]   Sweden 9,000
Nashville[citation needed]   United States 9,000-9,200
Louisville[184]   United States 8,700
Calgary[120]   Canada 8,335
Milan[6]   Italy 8,000
Rosario[155]   Argentina 8,000
Leeds[185]   United Kingdom 8,000
Vienna[186]   Austria 7,000
Chapel Hill[122]   United States 6,000
Raleigh[122]   United States 6,000
Zurich[187]   Switzerland 6,000
Edmonton[120]   Canada 5,550
Birmingham[188]   United States 5,300
Perth[189]   Australia 5,187
Hong Kong[190]   Hong Kong 5,000
El Paso[191]   United States 5,000
Madison[192]   United States 5,000
Santa Fe[155]   Argentina 5,000
Bogotá[193]   Colombia 5,500
Dayton[194]   United States 4,000
Toledo[194]   United States 3,900
Glasgow[195]   Great Britain 3,500
Youngstown[196]   United States 3,200
Prague[197]   Czech Republic 3,000
Greensboro[198]   United States 3,000
Durban[25]   South Africa 2,700
Athens[citation needed]   Greece 2,500
Bucharest[199]   Romania 2,481
Brisbane[200]   Australia 2,195
Curitiba[201]   Brazil 1,774
Belo Horizonte[201]   Brazil 1,714
İzmir[167]   Turkey 1,500
Pretoria[25]   South Africa 1,500
Dublin[202]   Ireland 1,439
Recife[203]   Brazil 1,300
Helsinki[204]   Finland 1,200
Montgomery[205]   United States 1,200
Brasília[206]   Brazil 1,103
Florence[6]   Italy 1,000
Casablanca[207]   Morocco 1,000
Asunción[208]   Paraguay 1,000
Sofia[citation needed]   Bulgaria 1,000
Guadalajara[209]   Mexico 900
Bratislava[210]   Slovakia 800
Monterrey[211]   Mexico 500

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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