Jewel of Vicenza

The Jewel of Vicenza (Italian: Gioiello di Vicenza) was a silver model[1] of the city of Vicenza made as an ex-voto in the 16th century and attributed to the architect Andrea Palladio.[2][3] The Jewel was stolen by the Napoleonic army during the Italian Campaign in the French Revolutionary Wars[4] and subsequently destroyed.[3] A copy was created between 2012 and 2013.[5][6]

Jewel of Vicenza
Gioiello di Vicenza - ricostruzione - dipinto XVI secolo.jpg
Top: recent reconstruction
Bottom: painting of model from the 16th Century
ArtistGiorgio Capobianco, Andrea Palladio
Year1578 (1578)
Typesculpture
Mediumsilver
Dimensions25 cm (10 in); 58 cm diameter (23 in)
Conditionlost and rebuilt
LocationMuseo Diocesano, Vicenza

HistoryEdit

The precious Jewel was made of silver plates on a wood frame. It was completed in 1578.[7] It's not certain that Andrea Palladio created the model, but the bond between two Bishops of Vicenza (Niccolò Ridolfi and his successor Matteo Priuli) suggests that Palladio's role as director of city life was more important than his role as architect. For him, the Jewel might have represented his mental conception of the city of Vicenza.[8][dubious ] It can possibly be attributed to a goldsmith of the Capobianco family,[9] as is supported by a document found in 2012 in the "Sanctuary of the Madonna" of Monte Berico.

The citizens offered the Jewel as an ex-voto to the "Madonna of Mount Berico"[7] in order to avoid the Plague of Saint Charles Borromeo that had spread two years before in the Duchy of Milan with some infection cases in the western cities of the Republic of Venice and up to Verona.[when?] Despite poor conditions, the citizenship united and provided a modest gift from each family.[4] Vicenza was spared (until the great Italian plague of 1629–31), so the Jewel was initially displayed in the church of Monte Berico next to the "Santuario della Madonna di Monte Berico".

Between the 17th and the 18th century, six oil paintings were made that represented the first patron saint of the city, Saint Vincent, holding the silver Jewel in his hands.[2] The paintings that portray Saint Vincent holding the precious model are the main evidence we have of the model's appearance. The paintings show the Jewel from different points of view, which provides information about its three-dimensional form. The model is a main element in each of the pictures; Vicenza is seen from the front, offered by Saint Vincent, and enclosed in its medieval walls. In that period, the distinction between the borghi (boroughs) over the walls and the inner part of the city, nowadays the Old Town of Vicenza, already existed.[3][10]

Under the Napoleonic government, the French troops looted Vicenza of cultural artifacts in 1797, as they did throughout most of Italy.[11] The armée française, having seized the Sanctuary, brought the Jewel of Vicenza back to France because they thought it was completely made out of silver. They attempted to melt the model down, but it burned instead, as it was made of wood and only covered by a silver coating.[6] With its destruction, Vicenza lost an important artifact from its century-long history of goldsmithing.

ReconstructionEdit

In May 2010, a Committee for the Jewel of Vicenza was founded with the support of the Office of Cultural Heritage and other local institutions. The committee held a competition for a virtual restoration of the Jewel. The competition was won by the architect Romano Concato from Trissino, who compensated for the absence of original drawings by studying two paintings by Francesco Maffei and two others by Alessandro Maganza.[citation needed] The reconstruction was also developed by referencing medieval planimetrics of the city, the Pianta Angelica, designed by Giovanni Pittoni in 1580.[10][12]

In 2011, the Committee began the second part of its project—a collection of silver donations in order to recreate the model for Vicenza, as happened for the ancient ex-voto.[13] The collection had 66 lb (30 kg) as its minimum target. In 2012, more than 110 lb (50 kg) of silver were collected (enough for the project), but ten of the most important goldsmiths of the city went on collecting until 25 December, to create additional funds for the reconstruction and its display.[4]

FeaturesEdit

 
The church of San Lorenzo, the first building completed in the reconstruction

The new Jewel of Vicenza is a large round silver tray with a diameter of 58 cm[14] that supports more than 300 models of Vicenza buildings. Sixty-one of the models represent buildings of historical importance, such as the Basilica Palladiana, the Cathedral, the Torre Bissara, and dozens of churches. In the center of Piazza dei Signori, a gold model of the Rua was added, unannounced.[definition needed]

The reconstruction of the Jewel was designed by proportioning the models using the golden ratio and studying the size of buildings from the time of its original construction so the three-dimensional reconstruction could be as close to the original as possible.[15] The reconstruction started with small sculptures in modelled wax that served as a model for subsequent casting. The cast elements were then finished and embellished with chiseling and engraving.

The model is made of 925/1000 silver. The final weight was 33 lb (15 kg);[14] and the total effort took around 2,000 hours of work.[16]

PresentationEdit

On 15 June 2012 in Piazza dei Signori an official presentation on the reconstruction was held.[17] Afterwards, the work began, combining the craftsmanship of silversmith Carlo Rossi[18] and the sophisticated laser technology offered by a company in Bressanvido.[4] In September 2012, at the Gallerie di Palazzo Leoni Montanari the finished tray was presented with its first complete building, the Church of San Lorenzo.[4] From 6 April to 9 June 2013, halfway through the reconstruction, the Jewel was exhibited at the Diocesan Museum with the support of FAI.[19][non-primary source needed] In the summer of 2013 the Jewel was completed; it was returned to the citizens for the town's patronal feast on 7 September. The reconstruction was included in the usual procession to the Basilica of St. Mary of Mount Berico in an official ceremony that had 30,000 participants.[5][20]

The Jewel is now permanently housed at the Diocesan Museum and placed next to the painting by Maffei, San Vincenzo with the model of the city of Vicenza.

In 2015, the Jewel was exhibited at Expo 2015 in Milan. At the exhibition, silversmith Carlo Rossi was awarded the Confartigianato Design Award 2015 for his creation of the reconstruction.[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Jewel of Vicenza was originally called the Modello (model) or Modellino (small model), but from the 18th century onwards the term Jewel was used more often. Jewel is also the term used by the Municipality of Vicenza and the Diocese of Vicenza. See also Barbieri, Cevese, 2004 and Barbieri, 1973.
  2. ^ a b Barbieri, Cevese, Vicenza, ritratto di una città (Barbieri, 2004 ed.), p. 383
  3. ^ a b c
    Barbieri, Cevese, Vicenza, ritratto di una città (Barbieri, 2004 ed.), p. 35
  4. ^ a b c d e "Il Gioiello di Vicenza prende forma con l'argento donato". Il Giornale di Vicenza. 12 September 2012. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Il Gioiello di Vicenza. Piazza dei Signori – Orario: 19". Comune di Vicenza. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  6. ^ a b Luca Trevisan (1 April 2013). "Una Vicenza d'argento". antiqua.mi. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  7. ^ a b
    Barbieri, Cevese, Vicenza, ritratto di una città (Barbieri, 2004 ed.), p. 82
  8. ^ "Il Gioiello". VicenzaPiù. 16 October 2010.
  9. ^ Lionello Puppi (1975). "Capobianco Giorgio – Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani". Treccani. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  10. ^ a b Barbieri, Cevese, Vicenza, ritratto di una città (Barbieri, 2004 ed.), p. 347
  11. ^ "Il "virtuale" del Gioiello di Vicenza". professionearchitetto.it. 25 May 2010.
  12. ^ "Pianta di Vicenza". Biblioteca Angelica. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  13. ^ "Romano Concato "ridisegna" Il Gioiello di Vicenza, si raccoglie l'argento per realizzarlo". BassanoPiù. 25 October 2011. Archived from the original on 6 March 2013.
  14. ^ a b Telegiornale 06/09/13 19:30. TVA Vicenza. 6 September 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  15. ^ (Part of the original description) Marinelli, Rigoni, Theatrum urbis: personaggi e vedute di Vicenza (Marinelli, 2003 ed.), pp. 185–228
  16. ^ "Rinasce il Gioiello di Vicenza". vicenza.com. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  17. ^ ""Il Gioiello di Vicenza" protagonista in piazza dei Signori domani venerdì 15 giugno". Comune di Vicenza. 14 June 2012. Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  18. ^ Carlo Rossi (2 October 2012). "Primi colpi al vassoio" – via YouTube.
  19. ^ Locandina di presentazione dell'esposizione del Gioiello.
  20. ^ Federico Murzio (9 September 2013). "A Monte Berico 30 mila fedeli". Il Giornale di Vicenza. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  21. ^ "Confartigianato: Expo 2015, 26 'campioni' dell'artigianato made in Italy vincono il Concorso di Confartigianato". confartigianato.it. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2016.

BibliographyEdit

  • Franco Barbieri, Renato Cevese (2004). Vicenza, ritratto di una città (Barbieri, 2004 ed.). Vicenza: Angelo Colla editore. ISBN 88-900990-7-0.
  • Emilio Franzina, Neri Pozza (1980). Vicenza. Storia di una città (1404-1866) (Franzina, 1980 ed.). Vicenza: Neri Pozza Edizioni. ISBN 88-7305-333-5.
  • Franco Barbieri (1973). La pianta prospettica di Vicenza del 1580 (Barbieri, 1973 ed.). Vicenza: Neri Pozza Edizioni. ISBN 8873053726.
  • Sergio Marinelli, Chiara Rigoni (2003). Theatrum urbis: personaggi e vedute di Vicenza (Marinelli, 2003 ed.). Verona: Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio Verona, Vicenza, Belluno e Ancona.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit