Terence "Jet" Harris MBE (6 July 1939 – 18 March 2011) was an English musician. He was the bass guitarist of The Shadows from 1958 until April 1962, and had subsequent success as a soloist and as a duo with the drummer Tony Meehan.
|Birth name||Terence Harris|
|Born||6 July 1939|
Kingsbury, North London, England
|Died||18 March 2011 (aged 71)|
|Instruments||Bass guitar (4 & 6 string), guitar|
|Associated acts||The Shadows, Jeff Beck Group, the Vipers Skiffle Group|
Harris, the only child of Bill and Winifred Harris, was born Terence Harris at Willesden Maternity Hospital, Honeypot Lane, Kingsbury, North West London, England. His prowess as a sprinter at Dudden Hill secondary modern school earned him the nickname Jet.
Although he learned to play clarinet as a teenager, he made his own four-string double bass to play in a jazz group and later graduated to a professionally made double bass. In 1958, while playing jazz with drummer Tony Crombie and his group the Rockets, Crombie got a Framus bass guitar for Harris, making him one of the first British exponents of the instrument.
With Cliff RichardEdit
He played in several groups including the Vipers Skiffle Group and the Most Brothers before, in 1959, joining Cliff Richard's backing group, the Drifters, who, in July 1959 at a meeting in the Six Bells pub in Ruislip, changed their name to The Shadows at Harris's suggestion, to avoid confusion with the U.S. band. In 1959, after the neck of his Framus was terminally damaged in a dressing room accident, he was presented by the importers with a Fender Precision Bass, one of the first to come to Britain from the United States.
Other sources state that Cliff Richard gave Jet the first Fender Bass (sunburst) guitar in the UK in 1960, about a year after band-mate Hank Marvin got his first red Fender Stratocaster guitar. Both instruments were eventually replaced with matching versions which were used in the film The Young Ones, in which The Shadows played "The Savage" (showing the famous Shadows' walk) to an invited audience of teenagers.
In Mike Read's book, The Story of the Shadows, Harris attributed the start of his depression and related alcohol addiction to discovering that Cliff Richard had had an affair with his wife Carol Costa (whom he had married in 1959) after they were separated.
With Tony MeehanEdit
He signed with Decca and released solo instrumental and vocal work with some success, "Besame Mucho" and "The Man with the Golden Arm" featuring a Fender VI six-string bass guitar. Then, as part of a duo with former Shadows drummer Tony Meehan, he topped the UK Singles Chart for three weeks in early 1963 with "Diamonds". Harris and Meehan followed this with two further hit singles, "Scarlett O'Hara" (also written by Jerry Lordan) a UK No. 2, and "Applejack" (composed by Les Vandyke) reaching UK No. 4 also in 1963. Tracks from "Diamonds" onward were recorded with Harris using standard Fender Jaguar and Gretsch guitars, usually de-tuned to D instead of E. Harris was partly responsible for helping Jimmy Page and John Paul Jones break into the music business. Page's first major session was as a rhythm guitarist on "Diamonds" in late 1962. After "Diamonds" became a hit, Harris and Meehan hired Jones to play bass in their touring band.
There were several court appearances involving drunkenness and violent behaviour before the partnership with Meehan came to an abrupt end in September 1963 when a car crash on what was then the A44 (now the B4084) near Evesham, Worcestershire, (in which his girlfriend, singer Billie Davis, was also injured), meant that this success did not last long. Harris attempted a comeback as the Jet Harris Band, in 1966 and was briefly in the line-up of The Jeff Beck Group in 1967, but somewhat fell out of the music industry. He then worked variously as a labourer, bricklayer, porter in a hospital, bus conductor, and as a seller of cockles on the beach in Jersey. Harris and Meehan also made two short cameo appearances in the black and white film Just for Fun, released in 1963. In the film, Jet and the Jetblacks played "Man From Nowhere", whilst the duo performed "(Doin' the) Hully Gully", a vocal track released as the flipside of their hit "Scarlett O'Hara".
Harris was declared bankrupt in 1988. The BBC reported that it took Harris 30 years of heavy drinking before he finally admitted to being an alcoholic and sought help. For many years, Harris made a point in his stage shows of saying how long it had been since he quit drinking, winning applause from audiences who knew how it had wrecked his career in the '60s. Harris still played occasionally, with backing band the Diamonds or as a guest with the Rapiers, and guested with Tony Meehan at Cliff Richard's 1989 'The Event' concerts.
In 1998, he was awarded a Fender Lifetime Achievement Award for his role in popularising the bass guitar in Britain. He appeared annually at Bruce Welch's 'Shadowmania' and toured backed by the Rapiers (a Shadows tribute band). He recorded continuously from the late 1980s with a variety of collaborators, including Tangent, Alan Jones (also an ex-Shadows bassist), Bobby Graham and the Local Heroes. His previous problems with stage nerves had seemingly disappeared, and 2006 saw Harris' first single release in over forty years, "San Antonio".
From 2005 to 2009, Harris achieved a lifetime ambition by touring UK theatres with his own show, "Me and My Shadows". The Rapiers performed as his 'Shadows', and he had a special guest star in his former girlfriend Billie Davis, who had rescued him when the pair were in a road crash in late 1963 that effectively ended his career. "I'm going to go out in my twilight years with a big bang—and 'Me and My Shadows' is one of my little dreams," Harris said at the time. Harris said of the Rapiers' lead guitarist Colin Pryce Jones: "He is on a par with Hank Marvin."
In 2007, Harris was invited by UK singer Marty Wilde to be a special guest on his 50th Anniversary tour. This culminated in an evening at the London Palladium, with other guests including Wilde's daughters Kim and Roxanne, Justin Hayward of The Moody Blues, and original Wildcats members Big Jim Sullivan, Licorice Locking and Brian Bennett, who joined Hank Marvin and Bruce Welch of The Shadows on stage with Wilde and the current Wildcats (Neville Marten and Eddie Allen on guitar, Roger Newell bass, and Bryan Fitzpatrick, drums). The show's finale featured the closest thing to a Shadows reunion possible, with Marvin, Welch, Harris, Locking and Brian Bennett (who in 1962 had replaced Tony Meehan, now deceased) all appearing on stage with the show's company.
The evening was filmed, and a DVD released, with Harris playing three tunes – "Diamonds", "Theme From Something Really Important" and "Scarlett O'Hara" – backed by the Wildcats. So successful was this tour that Wilde repeated the invitation to join him on his 2010 Born to Rock and Roll tour, which finished in Basingstoke on 20 November. Harris said that this was his most enjoyable working experience in years (he told us this on many occasions during the two Marty tours: Neville Marten, Wildcats guitarist).
In 2010, Harris started working with the Shadowers, led by guitarist Justin Daish. He began plans for a new show, featuring fresh material he had never performed before. However, regular tour dates and studio recordings with the Shadowers, Brian "Licorice" Locking and Alan Jones, though discussed, never materialised due to Harris' poor health. His last concert (5 February 2011, Ferneham Hall, Fareham) saw him perform one tune ("Here I Stand" from his album "The Phoenix Rises") with both Locking and Jones; this was the only time the three Shadows bass guitarists would ever perform together.
In 2010, Harris was presented with a special award from the US Fender guitar company for his services to their company in effectively launching their bass guitar in the UK in 1960.
Personal life and deathEdit
Harris had five sons and a daughter. He resided in Bembridge, Isle of Wight. He was a heavy smoker and died on 18 March 2011, two years after being diagnosed with cancer of unknown primary, at the home of his partner Janet Hemingway, in Winchester.
In 2012 the UK Heritage Foundation erected a blue plaque in his memory at the Kingswood Centre, Honeypot Lane, Kingsbury, on the site of the former Willesden Maternity Hospital where he was born. At the luncheon that followed the unveiling of the plaque, various musicians took part in a performance in Harris' memory, including Mike Berry, Clem Cattini of The Tornados, bassist Mo Foster, and Harris' backing group the Shadowers. Tributes were read by Bruce Welch and Marty Wilde. Brian "Licorice" Locking could not attend but a few days prior had made a live recording of a dedicated harmonica performance of Andrea Bocelli's "The Prayer", which was played. Hank Marvin sent a written tribute but it did not arrive in time to be read.
Members of pre-Shadows groupsEdit
- 1952 – School band
- Peter Newman (saxophone) + John Welsh (clarinet) + Jet Harris (bass) + Ray Edmunds (drums)
- 1956 – The Delinquents (jazz trio)
- ? (vocals) + ? (guitar) + Jet Harris (bass) + ? (drums)
- 1956–57 – Wee Willee Harris & Tony Crombie's Rockets
- ? (vocals) + ? (guitar) + Jet Harris (bass) + Tony Crombie (drums)
- 1958 – The Vipers (aka the Vipers Skiffle Group)
- 7" single (Liverpool Blues/Summertime Blues on Parlophone)
- Wally Whyton (vocals) + Johnny Booker (guitar) + Freddie Floyd (guitar) + Jet Harris (bass) + Tony Meehan (drums)
- 1958 – The Vipers – live concert
- Wally Whyton (vocals) + Johnny Booker (guitar) + Hank Marvin (guitar) + Jet Harris (bass) + Johnny Pilgrim (wb)[clarification needed]
- Inside Jet Harris – Ellie Jay Records/ Castle Records (1977)
- Diamonds and Other Gems – Deram 820634-2 (1989)
- The Anniversary Album – Q Records (1992)
- Twelve Great Guitar Gems – Zing Records (1994)
- Live Over England – Zing Records (1996)
- Beyond the Shadow of a Doubt – Zing Records (1993)
- Two of a Kind (with Alan Jones) – Zing Records (1997)
- Tributes and Rarities – Zing Records (1995)
- One of Our Shadows Is Missing (with The Local Heroes) (1998)
- The Phoenix Rises – Mustang Music (2001)
- Diamonds Are Trumps – Solent Records (2002)
- The Journey – Crazy Lighthouse Records Jet Harris, Nigel Hopkins, Paul Rumble, Cliff Hall, Ruud Wegman (2007)
|May 1962||Besame Mucho
b/w Chills and Fever
|Decca F11466||22||Diamonds and Other Gems|
|August 1962||Main Theme (from The Man with the Golden Arm)
b/w Some People
|Decca F11488||12||Diamonds and Other Gems|
|January 1963||Diamonds (with Tony Meehan)
|Decca F11563||1||Diamonds and Other Gems|
|April 1963||Scarlet O'Hara (with Tony Meehan)
b/w (Doing the) Hully Gully
|Decca F11644||2||Diamonds and Other Gems|
|September 1963||Applejack (with Tony Meehan)
b/w The Tall Texan
|Decca F11710||4||Diamonds and Other Gems|
|July 1977||Theme from A Fallen Idol (reissue with new B-side)
b/w Guitar Man
|February 1964||Big Bad Bass
|July 1967||My Lady
b/w You Don't Live Twice
|September 2006||San Antonio
|Crazy Lighthouse CLRCD0601||-||The Journey|
- "Besame Mucho" (solo) b/w "Chills and Fever" – May 1962 (Decca F11466) UK No. 22
- "Main Title Theme (from The Man With the Golden Arm)" (solo) b/w "Some People" – August 1962 (Decca F11488) UK No. 12
- "Diamonds" b/w "Footstomp" (with Tony Meehan) – January 1963 (Decca F11563) UK No. 1
- "Scarlett O'Hara" b/w "(Doing the) Hully Gully" (with Tony Meehan) – April 1963 (Decca F11644) UK No. 2
- "Applejack" b/w "The Tall Texan" (with Tony Meehan) – September 1963 (Decca F11710) UK No. 4
- "Theme for A Fallen Idol" b/w "Guitar Man" - July 1977
- "Big Bad Bass" b/w "Rifka" [Decca Records, Februay 1964]
- "Diamonds" / "Big Bad Bass From Texas"- November 1988
- "My Lady" / "You Don't Live Twice" – July 1967 (Fontana TF 849) (arranged by Tony Meehan)
- "San Antonio" (solo) – September 2006
- "Jet Harris / Wild One (Real Wild Child) – Decca
- Jet Harris – Decca DFE 8502
- Driftin' with Cliff Richard, by J. Harris, R. Ellis and C. Richard
- The Shadows by Themselves by Royston Ellis with the Shadows. Consul Books. 1961. No ISBN.
- The Story of the Shadows by Mike Read. 1983. Elm Tree books. ISBN 0-241-10861-6.
- That Sound (From "Move It" on, the story of the magic sound of the Shadows), by R.Pistolesi, M. Addey & M.Mazzini. Publ: Vanni Lisanti. June 2000. No ISBN.
- The Complete Rock Family Rock Trees, by Pete Frame. Omnibus. ISBN 0-7119-6879-9.
- Guinness World Records: British Hit Singles and Albums (19th Edn), David Roberts. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- The Complete Book of the British Charts Singles and Albums, by Neil Warwick, Jon Kutner & Tony Brown, 3rd Edn. ISBN 978-1-84449-058-5.
- Jet Harris — Survivor, by Dave Nicolson, ISBN 978-0-9562679-0-0, 31 October 2009.
- Jet Harris 'Dans l'Ombre Des Shadows', by Gerard Lautrey. ISBN 978-1-4716-1124-7. 2012
- Sheet music books
- The Jet Harris Guitar Book Francis Day & Hunter Ltd. No ISBN.(16 pages)
- "Biography by Richie Unterberger". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- "Jet Harris". Telegraph.co.uk. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "Jet Harris: Bassist who enjoyed solo success after being sacked by the". Independent.co.uk. 19 March 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "Jet Harris obituary". The Guardian. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 62. CN 5585.
- Mike, Read (1983). The Story of the Shadows. Elm Tree Books. ISBN 0241108616.
- Mike, Read (1983). The Story of the Shadows. Elm Tree Books. ISBN 0241108616.
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 112. CN 5585.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 244. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "Jet Harris, 1939–2011". Ledzeppelin.org. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
- Daily Telegraph obituary, 19 March 2011
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 124. CN 5585.
- Simon Cable (6 December 2008). "Out of The Shadows: Jet Harris isn't invited as Cliff Richard and the boys reunite for tour". Daily Mail. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Jet Harris Fan Club". Jet Harris Fan Club. Archived from the original on 8 April 2009. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- "No. 59282". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2009. p. 17.
- "ExShadow guitarist Jet Harris dies " Express & Star". Express & Star. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Jet Harris, The Shadows bassist, dies aged 71". BBC. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Shadows guitarist Jet Harris dies". Theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "The Shadows bassist Jet Harris dies aged 71". NME. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- "Jet Harris MBE Plaque Unveiling" Archived 18 February 2013 at Archive.today Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 15 June 2013.