Jesus Christ Superstar (album)
Jesus Christ Superstar is a 1970 rock opera by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice. The album musical is a musical dramatisation of the last week of the life of Jesus Christ, beginning with his entry into Jerusalem and ending with the Crucifixion. It was originally banned by the BBC on grounds of being "sacrilegious". By 1983, the album had sold over 7 million copies worldwide.
|Jesus Christ Superstar|
Original UK cover
|Studio album by |
|Recorded||10 October 1969 ("Superstar" single)|
1970 in Olympic Studios, London
|Genre||Art rock, progressive rock|
|Producer||Tim Rice, Andrew Lloyd Webber|
|Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice chronology|
|Singles from Jesus Christ Superstar|
US Edition Cover, May 1971
|Christgau's Record Guide||C–|
The album's story is based in large part on the Synoptic Gospels and Fulton J. Sheen's Life of Christ, which compares and calibrates all four Gospels. However, greater emphasis is placed on the interpersonal relationships of the major characters, in particular, Jesus, Judas and Mary Magdalene, relationships that are not described in depth in the Gospels.
"Herod's Song" is a lyrical rewrite of "Try It and See", previously written by Lloyd Webber and Rice as a proposed British entry into the 1969 Eurovision Song Contest to be sung by Lulu, then recorded and released as a single by Rita Pavone. The writers had also included it (as "Those Saladin Days") in an aborted show called Come Back Richard Your Country Needs You.
The melody of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" also predates Jesus Christ Superstar; it was rewritten from a 1968 Lloyd Webber/Rice collaboration titled "Kansas Morning".
For the recording, Lloyd Webber and Rice drew personnel from both musical theatre (Murray Head had just left the West End production of Hair) and the British rock scene (Ian Gillan had only recently become the singer of Deep Purple). Many of the primary musicians — guitarists Neil Hubbard and Henry McCullough, bassist Alan Spenner, and drummer Bruce Rowland — came from Joe Cocker's backing group The Grease Band. Saxophonist Chris Mercer had also played with Hubbard in Juicy Lucy.
The first piece of Superstar released was the title song, as a single in November 1969 backed with the instrumental "John Nineteen Forty-One" (see John 19:41). The full album followed almost a year later.
The album topped the U.S. Billboard Top LPs chart in both February and May 1971 and ranked number one in the year-end chart ahead of Carole King's massive hit Tapestry. It also served as a launching pad for numerous stage productions on Broadway and in the West End. The original 1970 boxed-set issue of this 2-record set was packaged in the U.S. with a special thin brown cardboard outer box which contained the 2 vinyl records and a 28-page libretto.
|2.||"Heaven on Their Minds"||4:23|
|3.||"What's the Buzz/Strange Thing Mystifying"||4:13|
|5.||"This Jesus Must Die"||5:11|
|2.||"Simon Zealotes/Poor Jerusalem"||4:49|
|5.||"Everything's Alright (reprise)"||0:34|
|6.||"I Don't Know How to Love Him"||3:41|
|7.||"Damned for All Time/Blood Money"||4:36|
|1.||"The Last Supper"||7:10|
|2.||"Gethsemane (I Only Want to Say)"||5:33|
|5.||"Pilate and Christ"||2:46|
|6.||"King Herod's Song"||3:02|
|2.||"Trial Before Pilate (Including the 39 Lashes)"||5:13|
|5.||"John Nineteen Forty-One"||2:10|
- Ian Gillan – Jesus Christ
- Murray Head – Judas Iscariot
- Yvonne Elliman – Mary Magdalene
- Victor Brox – Caiaphas, High Priest
- Barry Dennen – Pontius Pilate
- Annette Brox – Maid by the Fire
- Paul Raven – Priest
- Pat Arnold, Tony Ashton, Tim Rice, Peter Barnfeather, Madeline Bell, Brian Bennett, Lesley Duncan, Kay Garner, Barbara Kay, Neil Lancaster, Alan M. O'Duffy, Terry Saunders – Background vocals
- Choir conducted by Geoffrey Mitchell
- Children's choir conducted by Alan Doggett on "Overture"
- The Trinidad Singers, under the leadership of Horace James, on "Superstar"
- Neil Hubbard – electric guitar
- Henry McCullough – electric guitar, acoustic guitar
- Chris Mercer – tenor sax
- Peter Robinson – piano, electric piano, organ, positive organ
- Bruce Rowland – drums, percussion
- Alan Spenner – bass guitar
- Harold Beckett, Les Condon, Ian Hamer, Kenny Wheeler – trumpet
- Anthony Brooke, Joseph Castaldini – bassoon
- James Browne, Jim Buck, Sr., Jim Buck, Jr., John Burdon, Andrew McGavin, Douglas Moore – horns
- Norman Cave, Karl Jenkins – piano
- Jeff Clyne, Peter Morgan, Alan Weighall – bass guitar
- Keith Christie, Frank Jones, Anthony Moore – trombone
- Alan Doggett – principal Conductor, Moog synthesizer
- Ian Herbert – clarinet
- Clive Hicks, Chris Spedding, Louis Stewart, Steve Vaughan – guitar
- Bill LeSage, John Marshall – drums
- Chris Taylor, Brian Warren – flute
- Mike Vickers – Moog synthesizer
- Mick Weaver – piano, organ
- Andrew Lloyd Webber – piano, organ, Moog synthesizer
- Strings of the City of London Ensemble
- Alan O'Duffy – chief engineer
Original Concept Recording. Jesus Christ Superstar – A Rock Opera. Universal City, California: MCA Records Inc. [USA], ©1993 (released 24 SEP 1996). Cat. No. MCAD2-11542 [2 CDs], UPC 008811154226
(N.B.: Black title on front and back cover; gold 'angels' logo; gold lettering on the spine. Depending on the retailer, an outer sticker may state that the album was 'Digitally Remastered [Complete on 2 CDs]' and/or 'Original Artwork and Libretto'. This information is not found on the inner packaging.)
- Jesus Christ Superstar > Album Overview at AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2006.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: J". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved 27 February 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
- "... the BBC banned it, they banned this record, because they thought it was sacrilegious." – Ted Neeley, in conversation with Norman Jewison "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Autobiography of Norman Jewison
- Ochs, Ed (29 January 1983). "Geffen Sizzles While Biz Drizzles: Broadway is Next Stage for Pop's Top Composers". Billboard. 95 (4): B-4. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Winston, Kimberly (30 March 2018). "The 'Splainer: The stormy, surprising history of Jesus Christ Superstar". Washington, D.C.: Religion News Service. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Allmusic: Jesus Christ Superstar : Charts & Awards : Billboard Albums". allmusic.com. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- 1971 Year-end Albums – The Billboard Pop Albums. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden. In the garden was a new tomb in which no man had ever yet been laid.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Musical / Andrew Lloyd Webber – Jesus Christ Superstar: A Rock Opera – austriancharts.at". Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 15, No. 3". RPM. 6 March 1971. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- "dutchcharts.nl Musical / Andrew Lloyd Webber – Jesus Christ Superstar: A Rock Opera" (ASP). Hung Medien (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Hit Parade Italia – Gli album più venduti del 1971" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "norwegiancharts.com Musical / Andrew Lloyd Webber – Jesus Christ Superstar: A Rock Opera" (ASP). Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Album Search Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Archived from the original on 21 March 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2013. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Album Search: Musical / Andrew Lloyd Webber – Jesus Christ Superstar: A Rock Opera" (ASP) (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "American album certifications – Soundtrack – Jesus Christ Superstar (Original Cast)". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.