She is currently John F. Nickoll Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School, after having been professor of law at Wayne State University Law School from 1990-2006. Litman has testified before Congress and served on multiple governmental and legal boards, including the Copyright Society of the USA, the Advisory Board of Public Knowledge, the Intellectual Property and Internet Committee of the ACLU, and the National Research Council's Committee on Partnerships in Weather and Climate Services.
Litman earned her J.D. from Columbia University Law School, an M.F.A. from Southern Methodist University, and her B.A. from Reed College. Her brother, Harry Litman, is a well-known American lawyer, law professor, and political commentator. Litman has a son named Ari Litman-Weinberg.