Goldberg is a graduate of the dramatic writing program at New York University, and of the Juilliard School. She was a Tennessee Williams Fellow at the University of the South and a recipient of the Le Compte de Nouy stipend, the first annual Helen Merrill Award, and a 2000 Berrilla Kerr Foundation Award. She was also a resident at New River Dramatists, a member of the PEN American Center.
Goldberg's television and screen work includes "The Prince of Motor City" (2008) for ABC, starring Piper Perabo, Aidan Quinn, Andie MacDowell, Rutger Hauer, and Morris Chestnut. Her screenplays include:
- Affair Play
- Good Thing. Dramatists Play Service, Inc. 2003. ISBN 978-0-8222-1869-2.
- The Hologram Theory. Dramatists Play Service, Inc. 2002. ISBN 978-0-8222-1821-0.
- The Hunger Education
- Refuge. Dramatist's Play Service. 2000. ISBN 978-0-8222-1777-0.
- Stuck. Dramatists Play Service, Inc. 2000. ISBN 978-0-8222-1778-7.
- Ward 57
- Matty Goldberg, comedian, Jessica's brother