Jerramungup is a Western Australian town located in the Great Southern agricultural region, 454 kilometres (282 mi) southeast of Perth and 6 kilometres (4 mi) west of the Gairdner River.
|Coordinates||33°56′31″S 118°55′08″E / 33.942°S 118.919°ECoordinates: 33°56′31″S 118°55′08″E / 33.942°S 118.919°E|
|Population||353 (SAL 2021)|
|Elevation||322 m (1,056 ft)|
|Area||1,072.2 km2 (414.0 sq mi)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Jerramungup|
The area was settled by Europeans prior to 1848, with the first homestead being built by John Hassell in 1848. The property was known as Jarramongup Station and was inherited by his son, Albert Young Hassell, who took up residence there with his wife Ethel after his father's death in 1885. The station was put up for sale by Edney Hassell and remained on the market for some time until it was acquired by the state government in 1950.
The town of Jerramongup was established in 1953 to support a war service land settlement project that was initiated in 1949. The townsite was gazetted as Jerramungup on 12 August 1957, although the name Jerramongup remained in use until the 1960s. The local school was renamed Jerramungup in 1968.
The town hall and the school were both built in 1958 along with two houses. Construction of the Cooperative Bulk Handling wheat bin was completed in 1961. The first powerhouse was completed in 1963.
Jerramungup (Yarra-mo-up) is an Aboriginal word said to mean "place of the tall yate trees". The yate tree (Eucalyptus cornuta) is an evergreen tree that grows to a height of 20 m with a diameter of one metre. It has orange bud caps and greenish yellow flowers, and is common in the southwest of WA. The name was first recorded by Surveyor General John Septimus Roe in 1848, when carrying out exploration of the area, noting that natives referred to the area and river as "Jeer-A-Mung-Up". Roe later named the river, at its mouth in Gordon Inlet, the Gairdner River.
The town hall was opened in April 1958 and is known colloquially as the "Root Pickers Hall" as it was paid for by volunteers picking mallee roots.
200 tonnes of Laguna Verde or Laguna Green monzonite from Jerramungup were used to make the Australian War Memorial in London, which was opened in Hyde Park in 2003. The quarry is situated 21 km south of the town, at Wirrup Hill.
- ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Jerramungup (Suburb and Locality)". Australian Census 2021 QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
- ^ Izett, EK 2014, 'Breaking new ground: early Australian ethnography in colonial women's writing', Doctor of Philosophy.
- ^ a b "Shire of Jerramungup - Municipal Inventory". Shire of Jerramungup. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- ^ "887 Servicemen Given Farms". The West Australian. Perth WA. 19 October 1954. p. 20. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
- ^ "WA State School Teachers 1900-1980". Carnamah Historical Society. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
- ^ "New Townsite - Jerramungup" (PDF). Government Gazette of Western Australia. 73: 2469. 16 August 1957. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
- ^ "Shire of Jerramungup Local Planning Strategy" (PDF). Western Australian Planning Commission. Shire of Jerramungup. 13 June 2006. p. 12. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- ^ Goode, Brad (2010). "Report of an ethnographic aboriginal heritage survey of the Hamersley Drive upgrade and materials extraction pits within the Fitzgerald River National Park and Hopetoun, Western Australia" (PDF). Environmental Protection Authority. Dunsborough, WA: Brad Goode and Associates Pty Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- ^ Forrest, Roni; Crowe, Stuart (1996). Yarra-mo-up, Place of the Tall Yate Trees: A Report on the Noongar Social History of the Jerramungup Region. Australian Government Pub. Service [for Australian Heritage Commission].
- ^ Boland, Douglas J.; McDonald, Maurice William (2006). "Yate". Forest Trees of Australia. CSIRO Publishing. p. 334. ISBN 0643069690.
- ^ Roe, John Septimus (26 November 1849). "Report of an Expedition under the Surveyor-General, Mr. J[ohn] S[eptimus] Roe, to the South-Eastward of Perth, in Western Australia, between the months of September, 1848, and February, 1849, to the Hon. the Colonial Secretary". Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London. London. XXII: 1–57. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
- ^ "Tourism: Jerramungup". Shire of Jerramungup. 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- ^ Siddall, Ruth; Clements, Diana (2013). "The War Memorials at Hyde Park Corner and Green Park" (PDF). University College London. London. p. 4. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
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