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Jerauld County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,071.[1] Its county seat is Wessington Springs.[2]

Jerauld County
Jerauld County Courthouse in Wessington Springs
Jerauld County Courthouse in Wessington Springs
Map of South Dakota highlighting Jerauld County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°04′N 98°37′W / 44.06°N 98.62°W / 44.06; -98.62
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1883
Named forH. J. Jerauld
SeatWessington Springs
Largest cityWessington Springs
Area
 • Total533 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Land526 sq mi (1,360 km2)
 • Water6.4 sq mi (17 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
2,043
 • Density3.86/sq mi (1.49/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large

HistoryEdit

In 1873, the area occupied by the present Jerauld county was organized into Wetmore County. In 1881, Wetmore and its neighbor county to the south, Cragin County, were combined to form Aurora County. In 1883, the area of the former Wetmore County was reincorporated as present-day Jerauld County.

It was named for H. J. Jerauld, a legislator.[3]

GeographyEdit

The terrain of Jerauld County consists of low rolling hills, mostly devoted to agriculture.[4] The terrain slopes to the south and east, with the county's highest point on the west boundary line near its NW corner, at 1,932' (589m) ASL.[5] The county has a total area of 533 square miles (1,380 km2), of which 526 square miles (1,360 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (1.2%) is water.[6]

Major HighwaysEdit

Adjacent CountiesEdit

Protected areas[4]Edit

  • Crow Lake State Game Production Area
  • Horseshoe Lake State Game Production Area

Lakes[4]Edit

  • Bakers Lake
  • Cottonwood Lake
  • Horseshoe Lake
  • Long Lake
  • Rempter Lake
  • Twin Lakes (partial)

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18903,605
19002,798−22.4%
19105,12083.0%
19206,33823.8%
19305,816−8.2%
19404,752−18.3%
19504,476−5.8%
19604,048−9.6%
19703,310−18.2%
19802,929−11.5%
19902,425−17.2%
20002,295−5.4%
20102,071−9.8%
Est. 20182,043[7]−1.4%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2018[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 2,295 people, 987 households, and 651 families in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,167 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.00% White, 0.57% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.31% from two or more races. 0.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 987 households out of which 24.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% were non-families. 31.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.85.

The county population contained 21.40% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 19.80% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, and 25.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,690, and the median income for a family was $36,076. Males had a median income of $24,583 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,856. About 15.20% of families and 20.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.90% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,071 people, 870 households, and 564 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 3.9 inhabitants per square mile (1.5/km2). There were 1,070 housing units at an average density of 2.0 per square mile (0.77/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 97.0% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.6% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 50.6% were German, 17.7% were Norwegian, 11.6% were English, 6.8% were Irish, 5.3% were Swedish, and 2.2% were American.[15]

Of the 870 households, 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.2% were non-families, and 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.70. The median age was 48.6 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,607 and the median income for a family was $44,717. Males had a median income of $32,017 versus $20,505 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,942. About 10.2% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.[16]

PoliticsEdit

In the 2008 US presidential election, Republican John McCain won Jerauld County over Democrat Barack Obama by 4 votes.[17] It was the closest county result in the country in the 2008 election.[citation needed] Jerauld County voters have tended to vote Republican; since 1960 the county has chosen the Republican Party candidate in 71% of national elections.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 67.0% 648 27.3% 264 5.7% 55
2012 53.5% 538 44.9% 452 1.6% 16
2008 49.4% 546 49.1% 542 1.5% 17
2004 59.6% 736 39.0% 482 1.5% 18
2000 55.6% 624 41.7% 468 2.7% 30
1996 38.9% 530 48.1% 656 13.1% 178
1992 35.3% 518 40.9% 600 23.8% 349
1988 50.7% 777 49.0% 751 0.4% 6
1984 64.8% 1,012 34.7% 542 0.5% 8
1980 58.9% 1,018 34.4% 595 6.7% 116
1976 49.2% 821 50.6% 845 0.2% 3
1972 54.3% 988 45.6% 829 0.2% 3
1968 55.6% 1,002 41.3% 745 3.1% 56
1964 46.2% 857 53.8% 999
1960 57.5% 1,165 42.6% 863
1956 53.9% 1,175 46.1% 1,005
1952 69.2% 1,520 30.8% 677
1948 54.6% 1,085 44.1% 876 1.3% 26
1944 62.5% 1,217 37.5% 731
1940 63.2% 1,576 36.8% 919
1936 42.9% 1,075 53.6% 1,343 3.4% 86
1932 31.3% 836 66.3% 1,773 2.4% 64
1928 62.7% 1,517 36.2% 875 1.2% 28
1924 52.9% 1,054 11.4% 228 35.7% 711
1920 57.0% 1,038 19.6% 357 23.4% 425
1916 48.4% 612 46.6% 589 5.0% 63
1912 0.0% 0 38.0% 436 62.0% 711
1908 53.3% 582 36.9% 403 9.8% 107
1904 68.9% 586 16.3% 139 14.8% 126
1900 48.6% 374 46.4% 357 5.1% 39
1896 44.5% 274 54.6% 336 1.0% 6
1892 47.1% 327 6.5% 45 46.5% 323

MediaEdit

The county is served by the True Dakotan weekly newspaper.[19]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

TownsEdit

Unincorporated communities[4]Edit

TownshipsEdit

  • Alpena
  • Anina
  • Blaine
  • Chery
  • Crow
  • Crow Lake
  • Franklin
  • Harmony
  • Logan
  • Marlar
  • Media
  • Pleasant
  • Viola
  • Wessington Springs

Unorganized territoryEdit

  • Dale

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 169.
  4. ^ a b c d Jerauld County SD Google Maps (accessed 4 February 2019)
  5. ^ "Find at Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 4 February 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "2008 Presidential General Election Results - Jerauld County, SD". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  19. ^ "True Dakotan". South Dakota Press Association. Archived from the original on October 2, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2010.

External linksEdit