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Jeongjong, 3rd monarch of Goryeo

  (Redirected from Jeongjong I of Goryeo)

Jeongjong of Goryeo (923 – 13 April 949) (r. 945–949) was the third monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the third son of King Taejo, the founder of the kingdom, and was born more than a decade before Goryeo was formally established. His mother was the daughter of a noble from the Chungju region, Yu Geung-dal.

Jeongjong of Goryeo
고려 정종
King of Goryeo
Reign945 – 949
PredecessorHyejong of Goryeo
SuccessorGwangjong of Goryeo
Born923
Died13 April 949(949-04-13) (aged 25–26)
ConsortQueen Mungong
Queen Munseong
Posthumous name
지덕장경정숙영인경간장원문명대왕
至德章敬正肅令仁簡敬莊元文明大王
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherTaejo of Goryeo
MotherQueen Shinmyeongsunseong
ReligionBuddhism
Jeongjong, 3rd monarch of Goryeo
Hangul
정종
Hanja
定宗
Revised RomanizationJeongjong
McCune–ReischauerChŏngjong
Birth name
Hangul
왕요
Hanja
王堯
Revised RomanizationWang Yo
McCune–ReischauerWang Yo

Jeongjong rose to the throne after his half-brother King Hyejong died, and set to reducing the power of various royal in-laws, including Wang Gyu and Pak Sul-hui. However, lacking the support of the Gaegyeong elites, he was unable to substantially strengthen the throne.

In 946, he spent 70,000 sacks of grain from the royal storehouses to support Buddhism in the country. In 947, he had the fortress of Pyongyang constructed as the country's Western Capital. He sought to move the capital from Gaegyeong to Pyongyang, but was not successful.

FamilyEdit

  • Father: King Taejo (31 January 877 – 4 July 943) (고려 태조)
  • Mother: Queen Sinmyeongsunseong of the Chungju Yu clan (900 - 951)(신명순성왕후 유씨)
  • Consorts:
  1. Queen Mungong of the Suncheon Park clan (문공왕후 박씨)
  2. Queen Munseong of the Suncheon Park clan (문성왕후 박씨)
    1. Prince Gyeongchunwon (경춘원군)
    2. Unknown Princess
  3. Lady Cheongjunamwon of the Cheongju Kim clan (청주남원부인 김씨)

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 정종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Jeongjong, 3rd monarch of Goryeo
Born: 923 Died: 13 April 949
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hyejong
King of Goryeo
945–949
Succeeded by
Gwangjong