Jenner, California

Jenner, also known as Jenner-by-the-Sea, is a small coastal town and census-designated place (CDP) with a population of about 136[3] in Sonoma County, California, U.S. It is located on the Pacific coast near the mouth of the Russian River. State Route 1 runs through the town and State Route 116 runs nearby, along the Russian River. Immediately south of Jenner is Goat Rock Beach, a unit within the Sonoma Coast State Beach.

Jenner
Jenner-by-the-Sea
Jenner California 4000.jpg
Jenner Jenner-by-the-Sea is located in California
Jenner Jenner-by-the-Sea
Jenner
Jenner-by-the-Sea
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 38°26′59″N 123°6′56″W / 38.44972°N 123.11556°W / 38.44972; -123.11556Coordinates: 38°26′59″N 123°6′56″W / 38.44972°N 123.11556°W / 38.44972; -123.11556
Country United States
State California
CountySonoma
Area
 • Total2.398 sq mi (6.209 km2)
 • Land2.110 sq mi (5.464 km2)
 • Water0.288 sq mi (0.745 km2)  12.00%
Elevation13 ft (4 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total136
 • Density57/sq mi (22/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95450
Area code(s)707
FIPS code06-37274
GNIS feature ID1656100

HistoryEdit

Historically, Jenner was part of the Rancho Muniz. The town’s namesake, Dr. Elijah K. Jenner, was a dentist and inventor from Vermont. By the time his son Charles K. was born in 1846, the family was living in Wisconsin. Elijah came west in 1850, seeking his fortune in the California goldfields. While working as a miner, he designed a pump that could raise water a hundred feet high. His patent application included a model pump made of pure gold; it’s the only golden model the Patent Office has ever received.

Jenner’s family joined him in 1852. Traveling by ship from the Great Lakes to Panama, they crossed the Isthmus and sailed up the Pacific Coast. By 1854, the Jenners had settled near the mouth of the Russian River, building a house in what became known as Jenner Gulch, the site of the town. Charles K. Jenner would go on to be a prominent attorney in early Seattle, arguing several cases in front of the U.S. Supreme Court.

Stillwater Cove Regional Park, located 16 miles (26 km) north of Jenner, features picnic facilities, beach access, and a historic one-room schoolhouse.[4]

Jenner received media attention in 2004 after the bodies of Lindsay Cutshall and Jason S. Allen were discovered on Fish Head Beach just north of town. The incident became known as the Jenner, California double-murder of 2004.[5]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), 2.1 square miles (5.5 km2) of it land, and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km2) of it (12.00%) water.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

2010Edit

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that Jenner had a population of 136. The population density was 56.7 people per square mile (21.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.9% White, 1.5% African American, 1.5% Asian, and 5.1% from two or more races. 5.9% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The Census reported that 100% of the population lived in households.

There were 80 households, out of which 6 (7.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 26 (32.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6 (7.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2 (2.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 6 (7.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2 (2.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 36 households (45.0%) were made up of individuals, and 9 (11.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.70. There were 34 families (42.5% of all households); the average family size was 2.24.

The population was spread out, with 7 people (5.1%) under the age of 18, 3 people (2.2%) aged 18 to 24, 15 people (11.0%) aged 25 to 44, 81 people (59.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 30 people (22.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 58.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.0 males.

There were 158 housing units at an average density of 65.9 per square mile (25.4/km2), of which 66.3% were owner-occupied and 33.8% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 35.7%. 67.6% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32.4% lived in rental housing units.

2000Edit

As of Census 2000 figures for Jenner's zip code showed that of the primary languages spoken in Jenner 94% spoke English while 6% did not, of those, 2% spoke French, 2% spoke Spanish, 1% spoke German, 1% spoke Urdu, and less than 1% spoke a Native American language.[8]

ClimateEdit

Jenner experiences a cool summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb) typical of coastal areas of California. The wet season typified by heavy rainfall is from October to May, and summers are often overcast, the sun blocked by marine layer clouds that keep it cool, humid, and often drizzly in the night and morning hours.

Climate data for Jenner
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 57
(14)
58
(14)
59
(15)
61
(16)
63
(17)
65
(18)
66
(19)
67
(19)
68
(20)
66
(19)
61
(16)
57
(14)
62
(17)
Average low °F (°C) 40
(4)
42
(6)
42
(6)
42
(6)
44
(7)
46
(8)
48
(9)
49
(9)
48
(9)
46
(8)
43
(6)
40
(4)
44
(7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 7.21
(183)
6.21
(158)
5.59
(142)
2.41
(61)
1.05
(27)
0.33
(8.4)
0.14
(3.6)
0.26
(6.6)
0.64
(16)
2.22
(56)
5.35
(136)
5.67
(144)
37.08
(942)
Source: [9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ U.S. Census Archived 2012-07-14 at WebCite
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Jenner
  3. ^ "Census 2010: Table 3A — Total Population by Race (Hispanic exclusive) and Hispanic or Latino: 2010". California Department of Finance. Archived from the original (Excel) on November 24, 2011. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
  4. ^ "Stillwater Cove Regional Park". Retrieved 2008-01-15.
  5. ^ Doyle, Jim (2006-05-03). "Tantalizing clues in pair's slaying". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-12-05.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Jenner CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  8. ^ MLA Date Center Archived 2008-08-01 at the Wayback Machine, access date July 31, 2008
  9. ^ "Jenner historic weather averages". Intellicast. Retrieved 12 February 2010.

(4) James H. Jenner, AUGUST 22, 2020, Jenner family archivist.

External linksEdit